Looking slim and fit is desirable but a skinny frame is not appealing at all. The grass is always greener on the other side! If you are fat, you want to be skinny and if you are thin, you want to put on some weight. Ironic, isn’t it?
Women with thin frame try to gain weight using different products which usually have unwanted side effects. Remember that your health is precious; you can’t compromise with anything. After all, you are most likely trying to put on weight only to be healthier. What’s the point of trying an unhealthy method to gain weight? Thus, the best and only option is to opt for natural methods.
Before we look at a proper diet chart to gain weight, let us look at some of the possible reasons as to why you are underweight.
Reasons For Being Underweight:
Anyone who is 15-20% below the normal weight for age and height is defined as underweight. This implies that if you are aged between 25-50 years and your height is 1.63 meters then your weight should be 59kgs. If your weight is less than that you are underweight. When the body weight falls to 50kg (15%) and 47kg (20%) it is termed as underweight. A woman weighing 59kgs should have a body mass index of 22. As the weight drops the BMI comes down to 18, 8 (-15%) which is still within normal range or 17,7 (-20%) which is below normal.
For a man aged between 25-50 years with an average height of 1.76 meters, a normal body weight with healthy BMI should be 71kg. Reduction of weight to 15-20% will also reduce the Body mass index. For instance, the reduction of weight to 60kg and 57kg can result in BMI of 19.4 and 18.4 respectively.
It is very important to understand the reason behind a drastic loss in weight. There can be both psychological and physical reasons behind the loss of weight. Let’s delve into the reasons behind weight loss.
Physical Reasons Behind Severe Weight Loss:
The hormone thyroxin produced by the body is often regarded as the ‘conductor’ or the ‘orchestra of the body’. If the thyroxin levels are normal then metabolism, height and weight are within the limits. If the function of thyroid gland is disrupted then the body’s metabolism, heartbeat and body temperature becomes deranged and there is pronounced weight loss.
Overactive thyroid or Hyperthyroidism is associated with symptoms like goiter or a lump in the throat, exophthalmos (bulging eyeballs), high temperature, excessive sweating, nervousness, fatigue, increased heart rate and weight loss despite eating properly.
In case of hyperthyroid the doctor will ask you to do some blood test to detect the thyroid hormone levels in the blood.
Malignancy or cancer can cause rapid weight loss, fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea and inability to gain weight. Since cancer has serious repercussions it is important to consult the doctor who will do a thorough examination to see whether you are suffering from leukemia or other types of cancer.
Tuberculosis is very common in South Africa. It is accompanied by weight loss, coughing, night sweats and extreme fatigue. If the drastic weight loss is due to tuberculosis you need immediate treatment. Tuberculosis is a curable disease if diagnosed at the early stages.
Diabetes can result in both obesity and weight loss. If you have a family history of diabetes and you are experiencing excessive thirst and urination and fatigue, you need to check your blood sugar and insulin levels. Consult a doctor immediately and take measures to curb diabetes to lead a healthy life.
5. HIV Aids:
HIV Aids is also referred to as ‘slim disease’ and it actually prevents weight gain and causes pronounced weight loss. If medical tests detect that you have HIV Aids you need to have medications and make some diet and lifestyle changes to increase your chance of survival and improve your general health. An early diagnosis can help cure this disease effectively.
6. Crash Diet and Starvation:
Many girls starve to get the desirable size zero figures. Yes it is in fashion but it is definitely not a healthy way to lose weight. You can still have a healthy figure by having a balanced diet! So why starve and compromise on health when you can have healthy and tasty food to stay fit.Even crashed diets are not a good option to lose weight, if you really need to stay fit you have to exercise and make a plan to lose weight gradually and methodically. Weight loss is possible but at the same time, the body gets deprived of essential nutrients.
7. Liver and Kidney Disease:
Kidney problems cause in change in urination, you may attend the restroom several times but still you feel that urine was not sufficient. There will be fluid retention, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, skin rash and itching, metallic taste in the mouth and smell of ammonia in the breath. The lack of appetite with fever triggers weight loss. Similarly, liver problems also cause various gastrointestinal problems and it results in weight loss.
Sometimes harsh medicines like antibiotics lower the appetite and have many side effects. Due to lack of appetite you don’t feel like eating and deprive yourself from important nutrients that help in growth or development. So medicines can be one of the reasons behind acute weight loss. You have to check with your doctor or pharmacist if you have started a new medicine and having weight loss.
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