Everyone tends to lose hair at different ages and this is quite natural. But when there is excessive hair loss from scalp or other parts of the body, it is called as Alopecia. Alopecia hair loss affects men as well as women.Even teenagers are sometimes a victim of alopecia.
Alopecia is a painless disease and it can start at any age. Alopecia can be caused due to many factors like tension stress, weight loss, surgery, and thyroid. Also some medical treatments like kidney failure and radiation or chemotherapy. Even pregnancy sometimes can cause alopecia. Some forms of this alopecia may be genetic and some may be due to excessive styling,braiding heat treatments etc. There is no cure for alopecia but there are some ways to keep these under check and they are surgeries for those with baldness too.
Let first have a look at the different types before we run to the alopecia hair loss treatment.
What is Alopecia Hair Loss? Different types of Alopecia Hair Loss:
Androgenic alopecia also known as “male pattern baldness,” can strike to young as well as old people. Women can get this too. It’s genetic, so having a family history can predict if you might inherit it. In both men and women, it’s linked to having an excess of male hormones (androgens) around the hair follicles, which can block hair growth. Women are more likely to develop androgenic alopecia after menopause, when they have fewer female hormones. Approximately 50% men by the age of 50 years and 15% of women before the time they reach Menopause have some degrees of androgenic alopecia present in them.
[ Read: Hair loss ]
Female pattern baldness or Androgenetic alopecia:
Female pattern baldness is known as Androgenetic Alopecia which is seen in women. It is very seldom that female patients experience complete hair loss. Usually women lose hair in patches. The hair loss usually starts from hair thinning at the front, side or at the crown.
Scarring alopecia is a form of hair loss that results in scarring; where scarred areas will not regrow hair. This type of alopecia may have several causes. For example, fungus can leave permanent bald patches.
Alopecia areata causes a few temporary bald patches on the scalp. It tends to run in families and usually strikes in childhood. This hair loss problem probably is a part of an immune system disorder. In this disease the body’s natural defenses mistakenly attack its own tissue. Once the hair has fallen out in certain spots, new growth is suppressed for weeks or months. This type of alopecia sometimes affects people who have other “autoimmune” diseases like thyroid disease, lupus, or pernicious anemia. Sometimes, it may produce complete scalp baldness (alopecia totalis) or total loss of body hair (alopecia universalis).
[ Read: Home Remedies To Control Hair Fall ]
Telogen effluvium is a form of hair loss often associated with pregnancy, medication use, life stress, or surgery. It results in a larger amount of hair cycling into the resting (telogen) state where the hairs are ready to fall out. This type of alopecia usually improves on its own after several months. After a few months the hair follicles are usually back at their growing state and the hair loss ceases.
Traction alopecia usually occurs as a result of certain hairstyles such as braids, high ponytails, cornrows, chignons, buns or twists if worn regularly. The main reason for this type of alopecia is pulling of the hair follicle. Some signs of this are tension, headaches, itchiness, red scalp or random bald patches. There may even be hair breakage around the scalp.
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