Have you ever tasted a roast beef sandwich and thought your nose was on fire? The sandwich probably contained some horseradish, originating from the same family as mustard. It is quite well-known for its strong and sharp flavour. Horseradish has been used to treat a number of ailments and health problems since centuries. It’s pungent, spicy taste is famous – or perhaps infamous. But, prepared correctly, it not only adds a special extra zest to your food, but brings with it numerous health benefits. Horseradish root is most widely used as a condiment in fish or meat dishes and sandwiches. The intact roots of this plant hardly have any aroma but on being cut or grated, enzymes from the broken plant cells break down into sinigrin to produce allyl isothiocyanate (mustard oil). Exposure to air darkens the grated mash, causing it to lose its pungency and become unpleasantly bitter in taste. Besides its various culinary uses, it is also beneficial for your health in a number of ways.
Horseradish Health Benefits:
Scientific research over the years has proved that horseradish offers several health benefits. In fact, it has been used since ancient times for treating a number of ailments. Some of its common health benefits are given below.
1. Protects Against Cancer:
The roots of horseradish contain high amounts of glucosinolates which lower the risk of certain types of cancer. This compound boosts the ability of the liver to detoxify carcinogens which may potentially cause tumors. Besides preventing the formation of new tumors, glucosinolates also block the growth of tumors that may already be existing within the body. They are powerful antibiotics that relieve infections by stimulating blood flow to the affected area and eliminating waste products. Glucosinolates and derivatives provide protection against colon and rectal cancers. Processed horseradish provides greater anti-cancer benefits.
2. Treatment of Sinus Infections:
Sinus infection is caused due to the accumulation of mucus in the sinuses, which creates a hospitable environment for bad bacteria to thrive in and is quite painful. The volatile compounds present in horseradish prevent this accumulation by thinning out old mucus. Thus, if you are prone to sinus and upper respiratory tract infections, you can take half a teaspoon of horseradish sauce in the morning and noon and stay for at least 10 minutes after use without food or drink. This will immediately clear the sinuses. Horseradish also relieves the symptoms of influenza, colds and congestion. Horseradish flour paste can be applied over the chest to cure congestion.
3. Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections:
The antibiotic and diuretic properties of horseradish stimulate the production of urine. This vegetable contains certain chemicals which impart antibiotic effects in the bladder. Certain enzymes present in it prevent toxin accumulation, thus speeding up the flushing out of bacteria and other inflammatory agents present in the bladder. A glycoside called “sinigrin” in horseradish has a stimulating effect on blood capillaries, thus relieving water retention. In this way, it can cure urinary tract infections and remove kidney stones by detoxifying the system.
4. Pain Relief:
Horseradish can relieve pain by stimulating blood flow to the surface of the skin and beneath. Thus, it can be applied to swollen joints and muscles for pain relief. When massaged over the affected parts of the body, it can relieve the symptoms of gout, arthritis and chilblains.
5. Dental Health:
The intense stimulating effects of horseradish can help in treating paradontosis when chewed. Chewing the roots of horseradish acts as a natural medicine to cure toothache, strengthen your gums and treat scurvy. Since grated horseradish is too spicy, you can mix it with grated carrot to make it more palatable.
6. Beneficial for Stomach:
Gargling with a mixture of 3 to 4 spoons horseradish and half a glass of water can help in alleviating stomatitis. The phytochemicals in horseradish stimulate salivary glands, and gastric and intestinal glands, thus enabling the secretion of digestive enzymes and aiding in digestion. It has also been found to increase appetite. If you are suffering from indigestion, you can grate horseradish and squeeze out the juice. Take around 20 drops of this juice in between meals for relief. However, horseradish should be avoided in cases of peptic ulcer, hyper acid gastritis or hypothyroidism as it might augment these conditions.
7. Boosts the Immune System:
Horseradish has a high content of vitamin C which is a powerful antioxidant. It treats viral infections and boosts immunity. It prevents inflammation and infection by removing the harmful free radicals from the body. Thus, eating horseradish stimulates your immune system by heating up the body internally.
8. Good for Heart:
Horseradish also contains potassium, which helps control blood pressure and heart rate.
9. Other Benefits:
Almost all the parts of a horseradish plant can treat various health disorders. Raw leaves of horseradish when pressed against the fore head can instantly treat headache, the root can cure tonsillitis whereas the tea made from horseradish flowers can treat extreme cold and flu. This vegetable contains iron which aids cellular metabolism and is vital for the production of red blood cells and bone marrow. It also helps in soothing your nerves.
Skin Benefits of Horseradish Roots:
Horseradish is not just beneficial for your health but it is also used as an ingredient in various cosmetics and beauty treatments. It can be beneficial for your skin in the following ways.
10. Treatment of Skin Discolorations:
Skin Discoloration is caused due to the overproduction of melanin or ceroid in the skin leading to age spots also known as liver spots and birthmarks. Horseradish is a natural way to lighten skin discoloration. For this purpose, prepare a mixture of ¼ cup of apple cider vinegar and 4 inches of grated fresh horseradish. Putting it in a jar, tighten the lid and allow this mixture to sit for two weeks. Shake it daily. Strain this mixture and refrigerate it. Apply it on the skin discoloration with a cotton ball thrice daily.
11. Treatment of Blemishes:
You can make your own lotion by mixing freshly grated horseradish with buttermilk and glycerine and allow it to stand overnight before straining it. Using this regularly will lighten blemishes such as acne and blackheads as well as treat oily skin.
12. Treatment of Freckles:
If you have freckles, you can prepare a mixture of horseradish root powder, oatmeal powder and sour cream. Apply it on your skin, massaging it with your fingers and allow it to sit on your face like a facial mask before washing it off with warm water. For best results, use this mixture at least twice a week.
13. Healing Qualities:
Horseradish has great healing qualities. Horseradish poultices are often applied topically to heal wounds and skin infections. They increase circulation around the infected wounds, thus speeding up the healing process.
Hair Benefits of Horseradish Roots:
When it comes to hair care, horseradish has proven to be effective in stimulating hair growth. It is beneficial for your hair in the following ways.
14. Prevents Hair Loss:
Horseradish is effective in preventing hair loss. It helps to regenerate the hair roots by improving circulation to the scalp. To regrow your hair, you can either prepare a poultice from horseradish and rub it on your scalp or utilize it in the form of a lotion.
15. Treatment of Dandruff:
A mixture of horseradish and vinegar has been found to be effective in getting rid of dandruff.
[Read:Benefits Of Guava]
Nutritional Value of Horseradish:
Thus pungent spicy herb is quite rich in terms of nutritional value. Besides being a significant source of vitamin C, it contains phyto-chemical compounds, antioxidants, sodium, iron, manganese, zinc, magnesium, potassium, B complex vitamins, vitamin A, fiber, protein, copper and calcium. Its nutritional profile is explained below.
|See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients: Nutrition value per 100 g|
|Principle||Nutrient Value||Percentage of RDA|
|Total Fat||0.69 g||3%|
|Dietary Fiber||3.3 g||9%|
|Pantothenic acid||0.093 mg||2%|
|Vitamin A||2 IU||<1%|
|Vitamin C||24.9 mg||41%|
Calories and Fat: Horseradish is low in calories with a 100- oz. serving providing about 70 calories. It is devoid of fat but contains protein and carbohydrates which are important micronutrients needed to satisfy your daily energy requirements. One serving of horseradish offers 3 grams of protein which is equivalent to 5.3% to 6.5% of the daily recommended intake while a 3 oz. serving of horseradish provides 17 grams of carbohydrates.
Vitamins: Horseradish is a good source of vitamin C which is a powerful water soluble antioxidant. A serving of 100 grams fresh root of horseradish provides 29 mg which is equivalent to 41% of the recommended daily allowance of this vitamin. It also contains small amounts of other essential vitamins such as folate, vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine), riboflavin, niacon and pantothenic acid.
Minerals: Horseradish contains minerals like calcium and iron in small amounts. A 3 oz. serving of horseradish provides about 10 % and 6% of the recommended daily intakes of calcium and iron respectively.
Phytochemicals: Horseradish root contains many volatile phyto-chemical compounds such as allyl isothiocyanate, 3-butenyl isothiocyanate, 2- propenylglucosinlate (sinigrin), 2 pentyl isothiocyanate and phenylethyl isothiocyanate. These compounds perform antioxidant and detoxification functions. So, just include this spicy wonder food in your daily diet and make the most of its beneficial properties. If the article was useful for you, do leave us a comment.