Hair transplant is a modern way of fighting baldness. People are no longer afraid of experimenting with this method for regaining hair. The procedure of artificial hair transplantation is in vogue nowadays because of the increase in the tendency of baldness in both men and women. While hair transplantation is considered safe more or less, the method is not completely free from risks. There are some inevitable risks associated with this surgical method that may perturb one often. To avoid such side effects, one should always consult reputable and trusted medical consultants who are experienced in hair transplant methods.
The side effects of hair transplant may seem to be strange at times. Sometimes, the side effects of this procedure appear immediately after the grafting process. On the contrary, a lot of the time, the side effects come out long after the surgery. Hence, a patient should know the probable side effects that are altogether associated with this cosmetic surgery.
In this post, you will read about the side effects of hair transplant, hair loss, and how hair transplantation works.
Top 10 Hair Transplant Side Effects
The side effects of hair transplant vary from person to person. While some may experience some weird trouble with the grafting, another one may just enjoy the benefits and good looks of such prosthetics. Here are some commonly found side effects that have been experienced many people all over the world.
1. Hemorrhage And Infections
Hemorrhage is a common type of side effect of the grafting method. This is primarily an immediate side effect that is noticed during or just after the procedure. The hemorrhage generally causes due to inexperienced operating on the scalp. It can be avoided if the patient consults an experienced cosmetic surgeon of repute. The fear of infection is associated with almost all types of surgeries. Use of improper and unhygienic instruments often leads to such probabilities. This is again a chance that occurs when the surgery is undertaken in an unclean place.
2. Temporary Thinning Of Hair
Temporary thinning of hair loss is also known as “shock loss” or “shedding.” This happens due the poor form hair transplantation. Sometimes, not all hairs are transplanted successfully. These hairs often plucked off from the roots. While some may experience thinning of the hair, others may complain of partial baldness. When you lose 50 to 100 hairs a day, it is called shedding. Shedding is also caused due to improper type of grafting done by inexperienced hands.
[ Read: Hair Transplantation in Hyderabad ]
Itching is again a common side effect often experienced by the patients as a hair transplantation side effect. This side effect may become severe sometimes when not addressed properly. The itching mainly occurs due to scab formation. Thousands or more scabs may form right after the grafting method. Sometimes, the scabs take shape after some time of the surgery. The itching may come under control after shampooing, when at the primary stage. However, one needs to consult a dermatologist or the cosmetic surgeon immediately when the problem escalates beyond tolerance. A special type of moisturizing oil is also available to fight against this itching problem.
Scarring generally occurs with patients who have done strip plantations. It is seen that some patients develop genetic predispositions towards extreme scarring. The keloid scar might be hideous sometimes, especially when the hairstyle is short. People generate scars often from previous transplantation methods as well.
Cysts generally develop when the hair follicle damage and push deeper the skin layer. They are mainly pimple size lumps that are mainly benign in character. However, cysts are never harmless. One should see a doctor without delaying when having such a side effect.
[ Read: Hair Transplant in Bangalore ]
Hiccoughs are often common experience with the patients of hair transplant. The extent of trouble may vary from one person to another. Consulting with a doctor may soothe this trouble.
Many of the patients with bad skin tone often experience swelling of the scalp. The swelling may be brought under control with expert interference. The swelling may sometimes spread to the eyes and forehead when becomes serious.
Bleeding is a rare chance in hair transplant, but some people may experience so due to excessive pressure on scalp. Wounds are minor in this case and heal with time.
[ Read: Best Hair Transplant in Mumbai ]
Though little pain is involved in hair transplant, some patients may experience the same. It is a temporary side effect and reduces gradually with time.
Numbness may prevail until several weeks after transplantation. If it does not reduce after such a time, one should consult a doctor without delaying.
Benefits Of Hair Transplantation
Fast treatment of hair loss is a major benefit. Also, as it is a medical technique, no other forms of treatment for the growth are required. It is also pleasing to note that you are your own donor. So, there is no risk of matching or allergies. Also, it is much viable and cost-effective, when compared to any artificial method of hair restoration. The operation is safe; no case of anesthesia is involved, and the advantage is that the hair can be uniformly distributed so that the overall follicular cells remain intact. And lastly, it will save you the shame of sporting that bald look in front of your colleagues, friends, and other close relatives.
Reasons For Hair Loss
There is competition at every turn of life. People are competing against each other to survive. As a result, the stress level increases along with the workload. In the struggle to strike a balance between the social and professional lives, tension arises. Then, gradually they find a big bald patch on top of their heads, even before they reach their 30th birthday.
Hair loss is a growing problem these days. Many of those who are yet to reach their 30s also suffer from this baldness problem nowadays. There are certain reasons for hair fall, and none of them occur due to the actions of harmful organisms. It can be classified as a disease, but in medical terms, it is not entirely a disease.
Hair loss usually occurs due to certain skin conditions, consumption of drugs, certain infections, trauma and sometimes as a side effect of medical treatments like chemotherapy. Hair loss also occurs during pregnancy. But, owing to the current situations of everyday life, trauma is the main cause behind more than half the hair loss cases.
For men, hair loss is a concerning factor as they suddenly start looking like a sullen old person. Depression sets in due to this reason. They find it difficult to concentrate on their work. They lose self-confidence. Both their social and professional lives get severely disrupted. Similarly, for women, they take pride in their long hair. Hair fall or loss of hair becomes a matter of great concern. Individuals, irrespective of their sex, remain worried about hair fall and are always in search of alternatives as a solution to the situation.
But now, there is one less thing to worry about. Doctors and scientists from all over the world have come up with a solution after many years of vigorous research. And, it has become almost 100% effective so far.
Hair transplantation technology has changed the face of the hair treatment business. Every day, thousands of people are benefited by the clinical treatment provided by this system. Men and women with hair loss problems are no longer an object of mockery at social gatherings and different other functions. It has also improved the work life of people by providing a solution to the hair loss problem.
Origin Of Hair Transplant Technology
Hair transplantation is a surgery where artificial hairs are transplanted on a person’s scalp. It is like sowing seeds in a field, to be very precise. It was Dr. Norman Orentreich, a dermatologist, who first started his experiments on human scalp grafts in the late 1950s. He also hinted at the possibility of the donor-concept through his research. He found the hair lasting long and intact on the receiver’s head.
Many experimentations were conducted on this topic for the next twenty years, but the doctors were not successful in transplanting the smaller grafts. Finally, in the 80s, two doctors, Dr. Uebel from Brazil and Dr. William Rassman from the US were successful in transplanting, what we call “micrografts”. At the end of the decade, Dr. B.L Limmer dissected a donor strip into multiple micro grafts using a stereo microscope. In the 2000s, surgeons adopted the “lateral slit” technique to orient follicular grafts. It has been proven to have better effects on patients than the previous ones.
[ Read: Hair Transplant Centers In Lucknow ]
Development Of The Technology
Through the years, the process of hair transplantation has become more time-saving and easier. Technological advancements have led to an increase in the effectiveness of the transplantation as well. The hair transplantation surgery takes only a few hours, and the patient gets released immediately after its completion. There are generally no side effects of the transplantation surgeries, and rarely any instructions are needed to be followed after that.
The Process In Detail
At first, the scalp of the patient is analyzed by the doctor, who discusses their preferences and expectations regarding the entire case. Folliscopy is conducted on the patient, which reveals the actual density of the hair. A date is fixed before the surgery. The consumption of alcohol and certain drugs are strictly prohibited before the surgery. This is done because it has been found that alcohol may lead to the degradation of the graft follicles and reduce the chances of their survival. Certain medications, such as antibiotics are also prescribed by doctors as a solution for skin problems (if any) occurring post transplant.
Course And Duration Of The Surgery
Transplantation surgeries take place for a maximum of 5 to 6 hours. During the time of the surgery, patients are not necessarily needed to be sedated. A little dose of anesthesia usually suffices for this procedure. At first, the bald scalp is washed properly and shampooed in order to prevent any infection. The hair follicles are extracted properly so that the hair shafts do not get cut out from the hair follicle. Since the follicles grow at a certain angle, it is to be made sure that the transplant tissues are removed at a corresponding angle. The extraction of the donor grafts can be done in two possible ways. They are Strip Excision Harvesting and Follicular Unit Extraction.
Strip Excision Harvesting
Almost half of the transplant of the donor graft extraction is done by this method. Usually, the doctor chooses a skin strip from the head scalp, based on their experience on where the hair will grow more. Hair follicles are removed from the donor strip, from the tissues and placed on the receiver’s scalp using scalpels only. The fat tissues and fibers present in the follicles are very carefully removed with the help of the stereo microscopes.
A new method has emerged that reduces the risk of the follicles getting damaged. It is called the “Trichophytic closure”. Grafts are received by puncturing the scalp areas and then they are kept in certain storage areas with the perfect temperature and ambiance. This process leaves a temporary scar on the scalp of the patients that lasts for two weeks at the most. The patients can use their hair to cover the scar during that time.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
In this process, follicular units are removed separately using very small micro blades and other small equipment, and placed in certain densities and patterns. The wounds are then angled as to achieve a certain hair pattern. Depending upon the complexity of the surgery, FUE may take place in a single long session or multiple short sessions. Compared to the Strip Excision Harvesting, this takes a longer time span. The important part about this is that the patient does not get to choose what type of surgery he will undertake. After a few tests, doctors recommend the patients as to what type of surgery they should undergo.
The result one can get by FUE is actually quite impressive. It hardly looks that there has been a transplant. Also, there are certain advantages over the Strip Harvesting method. There is no need for extracting large areas of the scalp, and only a small area of scalp treatment is sufficient. Due to this reason, very few visible scars are produced on the scalp. No pain and dizziness are experienced. The disadvantages of FUE include the high cost of surgery and an increase in the number of surgeries.
Robotic Hair Restoration
This new-age technology of hair transplant uses advanced computerized technology that detects the follicles using various images captured by the camera. Then, it analyzes the images and activates the robotic arm. The robotic arm completes the surgery. This process has proven to be more efficient than the manual process.
After The Surgery
There are certain rules and regulations, which should be followed by the patient after the operation to make it successful. The apparel needs to be of a semi-permeable type so as to allow blood flow without any resistance. This will help the tissues to remain healthy and to rejuvenate. The surgical area must be protected from pollution and sunlight. So, one has to wear a cap while going out. Any type of cleansing process must be put on hold for two days post surgery. Shampooing should be done as frequently as possible. Shampooing helps in preventing the formation of scabs around the hair shafts. Scabs, otherwise, will stick to the transplanted hairs and root them out within a time span of ten days. Surprisingly enough, during a period of fifteen days after the operation, all the transplanted hairs will fall off. Two months hence, new and normal hair growth will take place. This feature is referred to as “shock loss”, and it is nothing harmful. This type of behavior is quite normal in hair transplantation.
[ Read: Hair Transplantation Centers In Delhi ]
Expenses for the hair transplantation depend on the nature of baldness, the extent of baldness and the number of grafts required by a person. The average price of each graft ranges around Rs.50-Rs.70. According to this estimation, the total cost of the complete hair transplant may cost up to Rs.60,000.
Besides this, there are various types of nutritional ointments, creams, oils, and shampoos, which act in medicinal ways. These products cost around Rs. 1,500- Rs. 10,000. The hair transplantation business has emerged as a new source of income all around the world. Some of the best dermatologists in the world have joined this business and are continuing their research work to improve the technology. There are many possibilities of job opportunities in this business. In India alone, there are quite a huge number of companies and famous clinics, competing against each other. They guarantee complete customer satisfaction and super effective results. Discount offers have also been granted.
This is how the hair transplantation procedure works and the most common of hair transplantation side effects that are generally witnessed. Have you experience with hair transplants. Do tell us if we have missed anything?
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