Purine is a natural substance found in our body cells and in foods around us. Purine in its later stage is metabolized into uric acid in our body. This is a normal and healthy process. Uric acid acts as antioxidant and protects the lining of blood vessels. Vegetables in comparison to meats are generally low in purine content.
At times in rare cases inadequate kidney functioning results in accumulating uric acid in different parts of our body. In simple terms, this problem is called as gouty attack or just “gout”.
Medicines are required to treat Gout usually, but making certain dietary changes like reducing purine rich foods can also help.
Here is a list of high Purine rich foods:
Cherries are a good source of Purine. Their anti-inflammatory nature makes them good pain relievers and inflammation reducers. This fruit helps in reducing redness, swelling, and pain in patients suffering from gout. Dark berries are useful in reducing gout levels as well. Definitely a good source amongst the list of high purine foods
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2. Red meat:
Meats are usually high in purine. Animal organ meats like liver, kidneys & brain contain the highest purine amounts among all other types. Meats that contain purine are pork, venison, beef, rabbit, turkey, veal, poultry and duck.
Limit your total intake of animal protein to 6 ounces per day. You should avoid foods high in protein to reduce purine in body.
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3. Sea food:
Sardine fish is the richest source of purine. Over consumption of anything is hazardous, don’t go overboard eating sea food. Other types of fish rich in Purine are halibut, codfish, bluefish, mackerel, trout, tuna, lobster, oysters, herring, sardines and mussels.
[ Read: biotin rich foods list ]
Tofu which is made from soybean contains good amount of purine in it. This is used as a substitute to meat products usually.
Wine is also one of the richest sources of Purine in our diet. Have wine but folks in limited amount.
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Wide variety of Vegetables used everyday in our diet like Mushrooms, spinach, asparagus, cauliflower contain Purine. The quantity of Purine in these vegetables depends on the soil they are grown in.
Fruits such as peach, pear, pineapple, plum etc are very good sources of Purine. Fruits contain antioxidants, vitamins, minerals along with Purine, which are again useful for human body.
[ Read: Vitamin K rich foods ]
Daily beverages like tea, coffee have very small amounts of Purine in them. But, these should again be taken in small quantity as they are rich in Caffeine.
Alcoholic beverages should not be taken by those who are trying to control purine. Especially beer, as it has the highest quantity of Purine.
[ Read: Low Carb High Protein Diet ]
Nutritional yeast is high in purine. Products containing it should be used less in quantity to avoid health troubles.
This is a widely known good source of Purine and Protein. Legumes rich in purine are lentils, navy beans, lima beans and kidney beans.
[ Read: Vitamin B6 rich food List ]
Some important tips:
1. Cooking of purine rich foods actually increases the risk from Purine.
2. Over intake of purine can cause severe health problems.
3. Limit your consumption of animal foods, fish, and lentils if you suffer from Gout.
4. Eat a low fat diet. Gout is associated with an increased risk of heart disease.
5. Drink lots of fluids to reduce Purine levels.
Remember don’t over eat any food but again don’t start hunting for low purine foods. Anything within limits is good for us.