Skin Care Ideas
Stylecraze

12 Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Freckles

by
12 Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Freckles Hyderabd040-395603080 August 13, 2019

Who doesn’t covet flawless skin? While having a spot or two on your face can accentuate your look, the same may not be true if you have freckles. These spots on your face can garner more attention than you would like and make you feel uncomfortable.

It can be quite a tedious process to find the right methods to hide these freckles or get rid of them for good. In this post, we have put together some home remedies that can help you get rid of freckles and make you flaunt your skin with confidence. Read on to know more.

What Are Freckles?

You may have noticed the appearance of dark brown spots on your face, neck, and arms on exposure to sunlight. These are freckles. Freckles are harmless spots that are formed due to overproduction of melanin.

Melanin is the pigment in our bodies that imparts color to our skin. Sometimes, when your skin is exposed to sunlight, the UV radiation can stimulate the production of melanin, causing freckles.

Freckles are unlike moles as they are flat rather than raised. Another point to note is that you are not born with freckles. They occur only on exposure to sunlight and develop much after infancy.

What Causes Freckles?

The cause of freckles is primarily attributed to exposure to sunlight and a possible genetic predisposition to developing freckles. This means that there may be a chance that you can inherit the possibility of developing freckles later in life.

As we know, our skin produces melanin on exposure to UV radiation from the sun or tanning lights. This then leads to over deposition of melanin by cutaneous melanocytes in one spot, causing freckles.

Freckles occur mostly in people with blond or red hair, fair skin, and light-colored eyes. This continues to happen over time until you have a cluster of spots on your face, neck, arms, and back.

Let us now look at the types of freckles.

Different Types Of Freckles

Freckles can be classified into two types:

Ephelides:

  • These are the common type of freckles that are observed in most people. These freckles are flat and dark brown and can fade if you reduce your exposure to sunlight.

Solar Lentigines:

  • These freckles are characterized by a dark brown patch on the skin. These develop in your adulthood and can be categorized as aging spots and sunspots. In this case, cutaneous melanocytes can produce a relatively large amount of melanin on exposure to sunlight. This happens over a patch of skin and results in a solar lentigo.

People at risk of developing freckles can attribute it to how their skin reacts to exposure to sunlight. Sometimes, you can be more genetically inclined to get freckles than most other people.

Risk Factors Of Freckles

Some studies show that a particular gene and frequent exposure to sun work in tandem to develop freckles (1).

It also depends on the type of melanin:

Pheomelanin:

  • This type of melanin pigments hair with shades of blonde or red. People with this type of melanin have a lighter skin tone, and their skin does not tan well. This is because pheomelanin does not protect the skin from UV radiation and increases the risk of developing freckles.

Eumelanin:

  • This type of melanin pigments hair with shades of brown or black. People with eumelanin have darker skin tones. Due to this, their skin tans easily and is usually protected from skin damage by UV radiation.

The risk factors of solar lentigines are slightly different from those of the common freckles, and they include:

Dark skin tones:

  • A darker skin tone directly translates to higher capacity of tanning, and this causes solar lentigines.
  • History of developing freckles
  • Exposure to sunlight

When To See Your Doctor

Freckles, by themselves, are harmless spots of melanin deposition. There can be a chance that you have mistaken a mole for a freckle. Moles, however, pose the threat of skin cancer.

If you see any change in the size of the freckle or mole, you must consult your doctor. Other signs include asymmetry in the shape, border, and diameter of the mole. If you see that the mole has different colors as opposed to a uniform shade, you may have to seek medical help.

Medical Treatment Options

Listed below are some of the medical options you can consider to treat freckles:

  • Alpha hydroxyl acid toners
  • Chemical facial peels
  • Laser therapy can facilitate the formation of new collagen, thereby eliminating the older epidermal cells and resulting in clearer skin.
  • Sunspot removal can be aided by retinoid creams, hydroquinone, chemical peels, and cryotherapy.

Now that we have seen the medical options, let us explore some tried and tested home remedies to eliminate freckles. Although they are not scientifically proven to eliminate freckles directly, they do not cause harm when used in moderation.

Home Remedies To Eliminate Freckles

1. Lemon Juice

Lemon Juice Pinit

Shutterstock

Lemon is a rich source of vitamin C. Vitamin C exhibits photoprotective and anti-pigmentary properties that help protect the skin from the harmful rays of the sun. It also helps reverse the effects of pigmentation on your skin (2).

You Will Need

  • Juice of a lemon
  • Cotton pad

What You Have To Do

  1. Squeeze a lemon and collect the juice in a bowl.
  2. Using a cotton pad, apply the juice on the area with freckles.
  3. Leave it on your skin for 15-20 minutes and rinse off.

How Often You Should Do This

You can follow this two times a week.

Caution: Lemon juice can cause an allergic reaction on your skin. Hence, do a patch test before using this remedy.

2. Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera Pinit

Shutterstock

Aloe vera contains bioactive compounds that help reduce skin damage induced by exposure to radiation from the sun. It can also inhibit tyrosinase activity, thus decreasing melanin deposition in the skin, leading to lesser freckles (3).

You Will Need

  • 1 tablespoon aloe vera gel

What You Have To Do

  1. Apply aloe vera gel generously on your face and neck.
  2. Leave it on for 15-20 minutes and wash it off with plain water.

How Often You Should Do This

You can repeat this daily.

3. Turmeric

Turmeric Pinit

Shutterstock

Research shows that curcumin, the primary component of turmeric, exhibits an inhibitory effect on melanogenesis (4). This means that it may reduce the excessive deposition of melanin in the skin that causes freckles.

You Will Need

  • 1 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1 teaspoon lemon juice

What You Have To Do

  1. Make a fine paste of turmeric powder and lemon juice.
  2. Apply this paste on the freckled areas and wait for it to dry.
  3. Rinse off thoroughly with water.

How Often You Should Do This

Do this once every week.

4. Yogurt

Yogurt Pinit

Shutterstock

Yogurt contains lactic acid that inhibits tyrosinase activity and suppresses the formation of melanin (5). This, in turn, may reverse the effects of excessive pigmentation that causes freckles.

You Will Need

2-3 tablespoons of yogurt

What You Have To Do

  1. Apply yogurt on the freckled areas.
  2. Massage in a circular motion for about 15-20 minutes.
  3. Wash off with water.

How Often You Should Do This

Apply this daily.

5. Honey

Honey Pinit

Shutterstock

Honey contains phenolic and flavonoid compounds that can help inhibit tyrosinase activity (6). This decreases the production of excess melanin in your skin and may reduce the occurrence of freckles.

You Will Need

  • 1 teaspoon of lemon juice
  • 1 tablespoon of fresh honey

What You Have To Do.

  1. Make a thick paste of honey and lemon juice.
  2. Apply this paste on the areas with freckles.
  3. Leave it on for 15-20 minutes before rinsing it off.

How Often You Should Do This

Do this two times a week.

6. Eucalyptus Oil

Eucalyptus Oil Pinit

Shutterstock

Eucalyptus oil is an essential oil that is widely used for its pharmacological properties. The bioactive constituents of eucalyptus oil inhibit tyrosinase activity, thereby reducing melanin synthesis (7). This may help eliminate excessive pigmentation and freckles.

You Will Need

  • 2-3 drops of eucalyptus oil
  • A few drops of carrier oil

What You Have To Do.

  1. Dilute two to three drops of eucalyptus oil with a carrier like sweet almond oil.
  2. Apply this on the freckled areas and leave it on for about 20 minutes.
  3. Wash off using a washcloth.

How Often You Should Do This

Do this once every day before going to bed.

7. Pomelo Essential Oil

Pomelo Essential Oil Pinit

Shutterstock

Pomelo oil is known to exhibit anti-melanogenic properties (8). This means that it may decrease the synthesis of melanin, thereby reducing the appearance of freckles.

You Will Need

  • 2-3 drops of pomelo essential oil
  • A few drops of carrier oil

What You Have To Do.

  1. Take two to three drops of pomelo essential oil and dilute it with a carrier like coconut oil.
  2. Apply this on the freckled areas.
  3. Leave it on for 20 minutes before rinsing off with water.

How Often You Should Do This

Repeat this daily before going to bed.

8. Cocoa Butter

Cocoa Butter Pinit

Shutterstock

Cocoa butter contains bioactive compounds, including polyphenols, that can reverse the effects of skin damage caused by exposure to UV rays of the sun (9). The photoprotective property of cocoa extracts may prevent the development of freckles.

You Will Need

  • 1-2 teaspoons of cocoa butter

What You Have To Do.

  1. Take one to two teaspoons of cocoa butter.
  2. Apply on the freckles and massage it gently into your skin.
  3. Leave it on overnight and wash off with a cleanser the next morning.

How Often You Should Do This

You can repeat this every night before going to bed for 2-3 weeks.

9. Shea Butter

Shea Butter Pinit

Shutterstock

The bioactive compounds in shea butter exhibit anti-melanogenic property (10). This means that it may decrease melanin synthesis, therefore reducing the occurrence of freckles.

You Will Need

  • 1-2 teaspoons of shea butter

What You Have To Do.

  1. Heat one to two teaspoons of shea butter until it is warm.
  2. Massage it gently into the areas with freckles.
  3. Leave it on overnight and rinse it off in the morning.

How Often You Should Do This

Repeat this every night for 3-4 weeks.

10. Eggplant

Eggplant Pinit

Shutterstock

Eggplant is rich in bioactive compounds, such as vitamins, phenolics, and antioxidants (11). These compounds exhibit photoprotective properties that may help prevent skin damage on exposure to UV rays of the sun, thus reducing freckles (12).

You Will Need

  • 1 fresh eggplant

What You Have To Do

  1. Cut the eggplant into slices.
  2. Rub these slices on the freckles in a circular motion.
  3. Let the juice from the eggplant be on your skin for 15 minutes.
  4. Wash thoroughly with water.

How Often You Should Do This

Repeat this once every day.

11. Banana Peel

Banana Peel Pinit

Shutterstock

Banana peel contains phenolic compounds and other bioactive compounds that show melanogenesis inhibitory activity (13). This can reduce excessive melanin deposition on your skin and may eliminate freckles.

You Will Need

  • A ripe banana peel

What You Have To Do

  1. Rub the peel of a ripe banana on the freckled areas of your skin.
  2. Leave it on for 20 minutes.
  3. Wash it off.

How Often You Should Do This

Do this once every day.

12. Kiwi Fruit

Kiwi Fruit Pinit

Shutterstock

Kiwi fruit contains flavonoids like quercetin that can help inhibit tyrosinase activity (14). This may lead to a reduction in melanin deposition in your skin, resulting in lesser freckles.

You Will Need

  • 1 kiwi fruit
  • 2-3 strawberries

What You Have To Do

  1. Make a thick paste of the two fruits by blending them.
  2. Apply this fruit pack on the areas with freckles.
  3. Leave it for about 20-25 minutes before rinsing it off.

How Often You Should Do This

Do this two times a week.

Follow any or a combination of these remedies to get rid of freckles. Let us now see how you can prevent freckles.

How Can I Prevent Freckles?

  • Always wear sunscreen before you step out in the sun.
  • Wear protective clothing like full-sleeved tops and full-length pants.
  • Use wide-brimmed hats or caps.
  • Stay indoors during the peak hours of sunlight.

These simple and natural home remedies can help you tackle freckles. If you feel what you have does not fit the description of common freckles, consult your dermatologist and understand the cause of pigmentation in your skin.

Did you find this post helpful? Feel free to reach out to us to share your experience with freckles in the comments below.

Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions

How long does it take to get rid of freckles?

The time taken to get rid of freckles depends on the treatment option chosen. If you opt for laser therapy, you can see results in one or two sessions. If you opt for natural methods, you will see a change in 10-15 days.

Can Asians have freckles?

Yes, they can. Freckles can occur if you have a genetic predisposition. It need not depend on the race of the person.

What are the differences between freckles, moles, and sunspots?

Freckles Vs. Sunspots

  • Freckles occur in the form of spots on your face, while sunspots are essentially patches of melanin deposits.
  • Freckles can form as you grow into your teens on exposure to sunlight. Sunspots, also known as age spots, tend to show up much later in life.
  • Freckles can occur in individuals who are genetically predisposed to develop them, while sunspots occur due to regular exposure to sunlight, causing melanin to clump in one spot over time.
  • Freckles are a lot smaller and can appear all over your body, while sunspots develop in areas that are regularly exposed to sunlight.

Freckles Vs. Moles

  • Freckles are small brown spots that appear on your skin, while moles are dark lesions.
  • Freckles have a flat texture, while moles are darker and have a raised surface.
  • Freckles occur as a result of exposure to sunlight, while this does not cause moles.
  • A mole makes its appearance at birth or soon after birth, while freckles only show up as you grow into adolescence.
  • A mole is constituted by melanocytes that have a high supply of blood vessels, while freckles are just spots with excess deposition of melanin.

Why do freckles form on body areas not exposed to the sun?

Freckles cannot form without exposure to sunlight. If you observe random freckles that appear in parts that are not exposed to sunlight, it may be a sign of malignant skin cancer, and you must seek immediate medical help.

Are freckles permanent?

No, freckles are not permanent. They usually fade away if your skin is not regularly exposed to sunlight.

Do freckles block UV radiation?

Freckles appear as a result of regular exposure to sunlight. Your skin overproduces melanin to block the harmful effects of UV radiation.

What do cancerous freckles look like?

Cancerous freckles will not have a symmetric appearance, diameter, or border. They may also appear to be growing with time. In such a case, you must seek immediate medical help.

References

    1. Freckles and solar lentigines have different risk factors in Caucasian women.” JEADV, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    2. Topical Vitamin C and the Skin: Mechanisms of Action and Clinical Applications” The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    3. ALOE VERA: A SHORT REVIEW” Indian Journal of Dermatology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    4. Curcumin inhibits melanogenesis in human melanocytes.” Phytotherapy Research, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    5. Applications of hydroxy acids: classification, mechanisms, and photoactivity” Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    6. Sardinian honeys as sources of xanthine oxidase and tyrosinase inhibitors” Food Science and Biotechnology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    7. Investigation of the Anti-Melanogenic and Antioxidant Characteristics of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Flower Essential Oil and Determination of Its Chemical Composition” MDPI, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    8. Anti-Oxidant and Anti-Melanogenic Properties of Essential Oil from Peel of Pomelo cv. Guan Xi” MDPI, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    9. Cocoa Bioactive Compounds: Significance and Potential for the Maintenance of Skin Health” MDPI, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    10. Melanogenesis-inhibitory activity and cancer chemopreventive effect of glucosylcucurbic acid from shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) kernels.” Chemistry & Biodiversity, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    11. Health benefits and bioactive compounds of eggplant.” Food Chemistry, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    12. Potential of herbs in skin protection from ultraviolet radiation” Pharmacognosy Review, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    13. Effect of Sucrier Banana Peel Extracts on Inhibition of Melanogenesis through the ERK Signaling Pathway” International Journal of Medical Sciences, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    14. The Hunt for Natural Skin Whitening Agents” MDPI, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
The following two tabs change content below.

Atulya Satishkumar