Face Care Tips

6 Home Remedies To Remove Dark Spots On The Face

Medically reviewed by Dr. Hari Hara Sudhan, MD, Dermatologist
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6 Home Remedies To Remove Dark Spots On The Face Hyderabd040-395603080 September 20, 2019

Clear, blemish-free skin is every girl’s dream. However, not all of us are blessed with a flawless complexion.

If you have persistent face spots and want to do something about them, we have your back. Here, we have covered certain effective remedies that can lighten these stubborn spots and help you bid goodbye to them.

What Causes Dark Spots On The Face?

Dark spots or hyperpigmentation occurs due to excess melanin production in certain areas of your skin. Melanin is a pigment produced by your body that gives your hair, eyes, and skin their color.

Factors that may contribute to dark spots include:

  • Increased sun exposure
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Certain medications like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), psychotropic drugs, or tetracyclines that can lead to increased melanin production
  • Skin disorders like acne, eczema, psoriasis
  • Specific skin injuries
  • Use of skin care products you could be allergic to
  • Diabetes

Dark spots can be classified into different types, depending on how they are caused.

Types Of Dark Spots

Each type has a specific cause:

  • Melasma – It is caused by hormonal fluctuations and is more prominent during pregnancy or menopause.
  • Lentigines – It is caused by excess sun exposure and is more common in old age (over 60 years).
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation – It is caused by skin conditions like acne, burns, etc.

If you consult a dermatologist for treating your dark spots, they may suggest the following treatment procedures.

How Does A Dermatologist Treat Dark Spots?

The common treatment options include:

  • Laser therapy, which uses laser rays to target melanin and remove dark spots.
  • Chemical peels, which involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin to exfoliate the surface layer.
  • Microdermabrasion, which removes the outermost layer of the skin using a special device to promote collagen growth and reduce dark spots.
  • Cryotherapy, which uses liquid nitrogen over the dark patches to freeze and injure them, eventually lightening them.

These treatments are often recommended if you are dealing with severe cases of hyperpigmentation (or dark spots). But if you have mild to moderate dark spots, you should be able to lighten them using the effective home remedies we have listed in the next section.

Home Remedies To Lighten Dark Spots

1. Lemon Juice

Lemon Juice Pinit

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Lemons are rich sources of flavonoids and other antioxidants, which can help lighten the dark spots on your face (1).

You Will Need
  • 1 teaspoon of lemon juice
  • 1 teaspoon of water
  • Cotton swabs
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix the lemon juice and water.
  2. Dip a cotton swab in the solution and apply to the affected areas.
  3. Leave it on for 20-30 minutes.
  4. Rinse with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You may do this once daily.

2. Parsley

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Parsley exhibits skin-lightening properties that can help treat dark spots and other similar conditions, including epidermal melasma (2).

You Will Need
  • 1-2 tablespoons of parsley leaves
  • Cotton swabs
What You Have To Do
  1. Blend the parsley leaves in a blender.
  2. Apply the mixture to the entire face.
  3. Leave it on for 20-30 minutes and rinse with water.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this once daily or every alternate day.

3. Aloe Vera

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Aloe vera contains aloin, a compound with melanolytic effects that can help depigment dark spots (3).

You Will Need
  • Aloe vera gel
  • Cotton swabs
What You Have To Do
  1. Extract the gel from an aloe vera leaf.
  2. Whisk the gel using a fork.
  3. Dip a cotton swab into the whisked gel and apply it to the affected areas.
  4. Leave it on for 20-30 minutes before rinsing.
How Often You Should Do This

You may do this once daily for best results.

4. Orange Peel

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Orange peel contains hesperidin, a potent flavonoid, which has skin-lightening effects and can be used in the treatment of dark spots (4).

You Will Need
  • ½ teaspoon of dried orange peel powder
  • Water (as required)
  • Cotton swabs
What You Have To Do
  1. Add a few drops of water to half a teaspoon of dried orange peel powder.
  2. Apply the mixture to the affected areas using a cotton swab.
  3. Leave it in for 20-30 minutes and rinse with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You may do this once daily.

5. Turmeric

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Turmeric contains curcumin, an antioxidant with anti-melanogenic effects (5). It can thus help treat dark spots.

You Will Need
  • 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder
  • Water (as required)
  • Cotton swabs
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix the turmeric powder with a few drops of water to form a thick paste.
  2. Apply the mixture to the affected areas of your skin.
  3. Leave it on for 20-30 minutes.
  4. Rinse with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You may do this once daily.

6. Cucumber

Cucumber Pinit

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Cucumber is a rich source of antioxidants and silica-rich compounds that have skin-lightening properties (6). The vegetable can hence be used to treat dark spots.

You Will Need
  • ¼ of a cucumber
  • Cotton swabs
What You Have To Do
  1. Blend the cucumber in a blender.
  2. Apply the mixture to the dark spots using a cotton swab.
  3. Leave it on for 20-30 minutes and rinse with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You may do this 1-2 times daily.

Use any or a combination of these remedies to lighten those stubborn dark spots. You can also follow these tips to prevent their recurrence.

Prevention Tips For Dark Spots

  • Always wear sunscreen with SPF 40 or above before stepping out in the sun. Reapply every four hours in case of continued sun exposure.
  • Wear sunglasses or a wide-brimmed hat to protect your face from the harmful sun rays.
  • Treat inflammatory skin conditions like acne, eczema, or psoriasis immediately to prevent the development of dark spots on the skin.
  • Avoid going out between 10 AM and 4 PM, when the sun rays are the most intense.

These tips can complement the remedies and give you better results. But if you do not notice any improvement in your condition, seek medical care.

Did this post address all your queries? Do share your feedback with us by leaving a comment in the box below.

Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions

Which is the best cream to treat facial dark spots?

Most over-the-counter formulations containing retinol and alpha hydroxy acids work well to treat dark spots. But they might also cause adverse effects, including increased sensitivity and skin inflammation. Hence, you need to consult a dermatologist.

How long do the dark spots take to fade?

While dark spots caused by acne or a skin injury may fade within a couple of weeks, those caused by an underlying skin condition can take anywhere between six months to over a year to fade completely.

References

  1. Citrus Flavonoids with Skin Lightening Effects – Safety and Efficacy Studies” SOFW Journal, ResearchGate.
  2. The efficacy of topical use of petroselinum crispum (parsley) versus hydroquinone cream for reduction of epidermal melasma: a randomized clinical trial.” Holistic Nursing Practice, EBSCO.
  3. On the novel action of melanolysis by a leaf extract of Aloe vera and its active ingredient aloin, potent skin depigmenting agents.” Planta Medica, US National Library Of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
  4. Hesperidin Suppresses Melanosome Transport by Blocking the Interaction of Rab27A-Melanophilin” Biomolecules And Therapeutics, US National Library Of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
  5. Curcumin inhibits melanogenesis in human melanocytes.” Phytotherapy Research, US National Library Of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
  6. Invigorating Efficacy of Cucumis Sativas for Healthcare & Radiance” International Journal of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pharma Research Library.

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