Alpha Lipoic Acid For Skin: Benefits, How To Use, And Risks

The good, bad, and ugly - a look at the effects of using this powerful antioxidant on your skin.

Medically Reviewed by Dr. Priya Gill, MBBCH, MRCP
By Arshiya Syeda

Aging is a natural process and cannot be reversed. However, you can use alpha-lipoic acid for skin to slow down and minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. This potent anti-aging ingredient can tighten the skin, improve its firmness, and keep it youthful.

If you have never heard of this ingredient, you might wonder if it is safe for the skin. Don’t worry. We have addressed your queries in this article.

Scroll down to learn how alpha-lipoic acid may benefit your skin, how to use it, and potential risks.

Stylecraze Says
Alpha lipoic acid is an organosulfur (a compound containing organic sulfur) derived from caprylic acid.

What Is Alpha-Lipoic Acid?

Alpha lipoic acid is naturally found in vegetables like spinach and potatoes

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Alpha-lipoic acid, also known as lipoic acid, ALA, or thioctic acid, is an antioxidant. It is believed to have numerous beneficial properties. It is found naturally in the liver and kidney of animals, and vegetables like spinach, broccoli, and potatoes. This vitamin-like chemical is also made in the laboratory for use as medicine.

Alpha-lipoic acid is often used in drugs for treating certain types of diabetes-related pains (1). It has versatile uses and can be consumed orally as well as applied topically.

Did You Know?
Alpha lipoic acid was discovered by Snell in 1937 and isolated by Reed in 1951.

Let us take a look at the various benefits alpha-lipoic acid can offer to your skin.

Alpha-Lipoic Acid Benefits For Skin

Alpha linoic acid in skincare products may protect against UV damage

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Alpha-lipoic acid is extensively used in skincare and cosmetology owing to its perceived anti-aging properties. Some research suggests it can make your skin glow and feel smooth in the following ways:

  • Protects Against Free Radicals

As it is a powerful antioxidant, alpha-lipoic acid neutralizes harmful free radicals(1). Free radicals could damage your skin.

  • Delays The Signs Of Aging

Alpha-lipoic acid may delay the appearance of facial aging (2). In another study, alpha-lipoic acid dispersions were found to reduce fine lines and wrinkles and promote skin texture in volunteers (3).

  • Makes Your Skin Visibly Radiant

Topical application of products with alpha-lipoic acid may improve your skin’s overall health and appearance. By fighting against the signs of aging and exposure to environmental pollutants, alpha-lipoic acid can make your skin visibly clearer and smoother.

  • May Protect Against UV Rays

Anecdotal evidence suggests that alpha-lipoic acid may protect your skin from ultraviolet (UV) rays. This benefit could be attributed to the acids antioxidant properties.

  • Soothes And Nourishes Dry Skin

Dry skin is more prone to damage and needs intensive care to look healthy and nourished. Using alpha-lipoic acid on dry skin may make it soft, smooth, and supple. However, more research is warranted in this regard.

  • May Reduce Skin Damage From Smoking

Smoking can cause oxidative stress that damages your skin (4). It is believed that topical application of alpha-lipoic acid may help reduce this damage.

  • Could Be Suitable For Sensitive Skin

Alpha-lipoic acid is good news for those with sensitive skin. It seldom irritates your skin or causes redness or breakouts.

We now know the benefits of alpha-lipoic acid for the skin. But is it suitable for everyone? Find out below.

Is Alpha-Lipoic Acid Suitable For All Skin Types?

Beautiful woman with youthful and radiant skin

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Yes, alpha-lipoic acid is gentle enough to be used on any skin type.

If you want to revitalize your skin, improve its texture, fight acne, or prevent premature signs of aging, alpha-lipoic acid is exactly what you need. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties soothe your skin and reduce acne symptoms.

Anecdotal evidence suggests that regular use of alpha-lipoic acid might help lighten pigmentation. This gentle and beneficial ingredient is something people with all skin types can benefit from.

That said, could alpha-lipoic acid have any adverse effects too? Let us understand the same in the next section.

Potential Side Effects Of Using Alpha-Lipoic Acid

Woman looking at breakouts on the skin

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Alpha-lipoic acid is generally considered safe and gentle with a low risk of side effects. However, since it is a detoxifying enzyme, it may cause your skin to purge during the initial use and lead to breakouts. Do not worry if this happens as the purging stops within a few days of initial use.

When taken in the recommended doses, it rarely causes any adverse effects. But if taken in higher doses, it may lead to symptoms like nausea or rashes. These effects could be more pronounced in the elderly (5). Extremely high doses may lead to oxidation, though there is no research to support this. Some products with a high concentration of alpha-lipoic acid may lead to redness or skin irritation.

If you are new to it, it is recommended you incorporate alpha-lipoic acid gradually into your skincare routine. Pregnant women and children should consult a healthcare provider before taking this antioxidant.

How To Use Alpha-Lipoic Acid In Your Skincare Routine

Woman applying skin care product containing alpha lipoic acid

iStock

As a skincare ingredient, alpha-lipoic acid is extremely versatile. It is both water- and fat-soluble and can be consumed in the form of supplements or applied topically in the forms of creams and gels.

While alpha-lipoic acid is made in the human body, it is produced only in minute quantities. Some foods may also contain this acid. But supplementation is believed to be the best way of optimizing its intake. It is best to take alpha-lipoic supplements on an empty stomach.

For those looking to incorporate alpha-lipoic acid in your skincare routine through topical application, you can go for creams, gels, moisturizers, and serums containing the ingredient after consulting your doctor.

Infographic: More About Alpha-Lipoic Acid

Alpha-lipoic acid is a versatile ingredient that helps treat skin care issues and improve overall health. You can incorporate it into your daily routine through topical application and oral supplementation. However, you should know the recommended dosage while taking it orally.

Check out the infographic below to learn about alpha-lipoic acid, its food sources, and its safe dosage.

more about alpha lipoic acid [infographic]

Illustration: StyleCraze Design Team

Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant that helps keep the aging signs at bay. You may use alpha-lipoic acid for skin rejuvenation and restore its natural glow. It helps delay the signs of aging, makes the skin softer and radiant, protects against sun damage, and nourishes the skin. You will find this ingredient in face creams, gels, and serums. It is suitable for all skin types as it is gentle and light on your skin. However, you may experience temporary skin breakouts in the initial days of usage.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is alpha-lipoic acid an exfoliant?

Yes, it is. Alpha-lipoic acid boosts your skin’s exfoliating ability, allowing your skin cells to shed easily and naturally.

Does alpha-lipoic acid build collagen?

Some of the indications of aging skin are caused by decreasing collagen synthesis. The antioxidant properties of alpha-lipoic acid are thought to be responsible for its favorable benefits on skin appearance. An in vitro experiment revealed that alpha-lipoic acid improves the creation of new collagen in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs) (6).

Does alpha-lipoic acid help rosacea?

Alpha-lipoic acid is said to help rosacea. However, more scientific research is needed to back this claim.

Key Takeaways

  • Also called lipoic acid, ALA, or thioctic acid, alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant.
  • It can delay the signs of aging and give you radiant skin.
  • It is gentle and, therefore, suitable on all skin types.

Sources

Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Read our editorial policy to learn more.

  1. Insights on the Use of α-Lipoic Acid for Therapeutic Purposes
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6723188/
  2. Assessment of cubosomal alpha lipoic acid gel efficacy for the aging face: a single-blinded, placebo-controlled, right-left comparative clinical study
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27873449/
  3. The clinical efficacy of cosmeceutical application of liquid crystalline nanostructured dispersions of alpha lipoic acid as anti-wrinkle
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24056055/
  4. Cigarettes Smoking and Skin: A Comparison Study of the Biophysical Properties of Skin in Smokers and Non-Smokers
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230126/
  5. Tolerability in the elderly population of high-dose alpha lipoic acid: a potential antioxidant therapy for the eye
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5047711/
  6. α-Lipoic acid induces collagen biosynthesis involving prolyl hydroxylase expression via activation of TGF-β-Smad signaling in human dermal fibroblasts
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20604712/

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Arshiya Syeda is an editor at StyleCraze. Prior to that, she was a content writer and combined her writing and... more

Dr. Priya Gill

(MBBCH, MRCP)
Dr. Priya Gill is a consultant dermatologist in Klang, Malaysia. She specializes in the management of all medical and surgical... more

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