Before we get to the best food sources of fiber, let’s understand one simple thing…
Table Of Contents
What Is Fiber? Why Do You Need It?
Fiber is a class of non-digestible, complex carbohydrates. It can be found in plants or is added to foods. The primary role of different classes of fiber is to act as prebiotics (1).
As prebiotics, they promote the activity of the good bacteria in the gut (gut microbiota). Another crucial role of fiber is to maintain blood cholesterol levels. This activity is particularly attributed to soluble fiber. Soluble fiber is commonly found in fruits, legumes, and oats (1).
The other class of fiber, insoluble fiber, is associated with the prevention of constipation and appetite control. Insoluble fiber is found in wheat, bran, and vegetables (1).
In this article, we have presented a list of high-fiber foods. We have categorized them into five major groups. You must have eaten a few or maybe all of them without knowing the amount of fiber they contain.
Scroll down and pick your favorites!
Top 7 Fiber-rich Food Groups
|Vegetable||Serving Size||Total Fiber (in grams)|
|Brussels sprouts||1 cup||6.4|
|Turnips (green, boiled)||1 cup||5.0|
|Broccoli (boiled)||1 cup||5.1|
|Potato (baked with skin)||1 medium||4.4|
|Collards (cooked)||½ cup||3.8|
|Sweet potato (baked in skin)||1 medium||3.8|
|Pumpkin (canned)||½ cup||3.6|
|Winter squash (cooked)||½ cup||2.9|
|Carrot (raw)||1 medium||2.0|
|Cauliflower (boiled)||½ cup||1.7|
|Onions (boiled)||½ cup||1|
2. Fruits (Fresh And Dried)
|Fruit||Serving Size||Total Fiber (in grams)|
|Pear (raw)||1 medium||5.1|
|Apple (with skin)||1 medium||4.4|
|Prunes (stewed)||½ cup||3.8|
|Figs (dried)||2 medium||3.7|
|Peaches (dried)||3 halves||3.2|
|Apricots (dried)||10 halves||2.6|
3. Legumes And Lentils
|Legume/Bean/Lentil||Serving Size||Total Fiber (in grams)|
|Black beans (raw)||1 cup||30.1|
|Pink beans (raw)||1 cup||26.7|
|Adzuki beans (raw)||1 cup||25.0|
|Baked beans (canned)||1 cup||13.9|
|Lima beans||1 cup||13.2|
|Navy beans (cooked)||½ cup||9.6|
|Small white beans (cooked)||½ cup||9.3|
|Yellow beans (cooked)||½ cup||9.2|
|Cranberry (roman) (beans, cooked)||½ cup||8.9|
|French beans (cooked)||½ cup||8.3|
|Split peas (cooked)||½ cup||8.1|
|Chickpeas (cooked)||½ cup||7.8|
|Pinto beans (cooked)||½ cup||7.7|
|Mung beans (cooked)||½ cup||7.7|
|Kidney beans (all types, cooked)||½ cup||5.7|
|Pigeon peas (cooked)||½ cup||5.6|
|Cowpeas (cooked)||½ cup||5.6|
|Soybeans (cooked)||½ cup||5.2|
|Broad beans (fava beans) (cooked)||½ cup||4.6|
|Green peas (fresh, frozen) (cooked)||½ cup||3.5-4.4|
4. Nuts And Seeds
|Nuts/Seeds||Serving Size||Total Fiber (in grams)|
|Sunflower seeds (toasted)||1 cup||15.4|
|European chestnuts||1 cup||11.7|
|Butternuts (dried)||1 cup||5.6|
|Pumpkin seeds (whole, roasted)||1 oz.||5.2|
|Coconut meat (desiccated)||1 oz.||4.6|
|Chia seeds (dried)||1 tbsp||4.1|
|Pistachios (dry roasted)||1 oz.||2.8|
|Pecans (oil roasted)||1 oz.||2.7|
|Hazelnuts or filberts||1 oz.||2.7|
5. Grains, Cereals, Snacks, And Pasta
|Grain/Cereal||Serving Size||Total Fiber (in grams)|
|High-fiber bran ready-to-eat cereal||⅓ – ¾ cup||9.1-14.3|
|Spaghetti (whole wheat)||1 cup||6.3|
|Wheat bran flakes ready-to-eat cereal||¾ cup||4.9-5.5|
|Plain rye wafer crackers||2 wafers||5.0|
|Brown rice (cooked)||1 cup||3.5|
|Popcorn (air-popped)||3 cups||3.5|
|Pearled barley (cooked)||½ cup||3.0|
|Oat bran muffin||1 small||3.0|
|Whole wheat paratha bread||1 oz.||2.7|
|Quinoa (cooked)||½ cup||2.6|
|Bread (whole wheat)||1 slice||1.9|
|White rice||1 cup||1.0|
Those are the exhaustive lists of high-fiber foods we compiled for you.
Hope you found your favorites in them. All you have to do is add them to your daily meals using fun and quick recipes.
But before you proceed, you should know how much fiber you should eat.
How Much Fiber Do You Need?
The amount of fiber you need depends on your age and gender. Following is the USDA recommendation:
|19-50||38 gms||(boys and girls)||19 gms|
|50+ Years||30 gms||4-8 Years|
|Women||(boys and girls)||25 gms|
|19-50 years||25 gms||9-13 years|
|50+ years||21 gms||Boys||31 gms|
|Pregnant Women||girls||26 gms|
|14-50 years||28 gms||14-18 years|
|Lacting Women||Boys||38 gms|
|14-50 years||28 gms||Girls||26 gms|
We also recommend you to schedule a session with a nutritionist/dietitian. They can frame a customized fiber-rich diet keeping your medical history in mind.
Also, you can leave your queries and relevant comments in the comments section below.
Hope these lists help you choose your favorite form of fiber.
- THE ROLE OF FIBER, Healthy Eating Tip of the Month, University of Michigan Health System.
- HIGH-FIBER FOODS, Michigan Home Skills Enhancement Project—Meal Planning and Shopping for Older Adults, State Of Michigan.
- Appendix 13. Food Sources of Dietary Fiber, Dietary Guidelines 2015-2020, USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference.
- Nutrient Lists, Legumes and Legume Products, USDA Food Composition Databases, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture.
- Nutrient Lists, Nuts and Seed Products, USDA Food Composition Databases, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture.
- FIBER IN FOODS CHART, C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan.