11 Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Tartar and Plaque On Teeth

Medically reviewed by Dr. Thomas Connelly, DDS
Written by Shaheen Naser

Oral hygiene is of utmost importance. Brushing your teeth every day, proper flossing, and regular dental check-ups are important to maintain good oral health. Improper brushing can lead to plaque formation that, when ignored, forms tartar. This eventually leads to several other teeth and gum diseases.

Simple negligence can cause tartar to build upon your teeth in a matter of a few months. Hence, it is important to know how to remove tartar from your teeth and also prevent other oral diseases.

Natural Ways To Remove Tartar And Plaque From Teeth

1. Brush Your Teeth Properly

Brushing your teeth properly after every meal prevents the formation of tartar. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush for brushing, and brush at all angles over all the teeth surfaces so that they are thoroughly cleaned. Remember to always hold the brush at a 45-degree angle to the gum line.

2. Use Fluoride Toothpaste

Fluoride toothpaste helps increase the concentration of fluoride in the teeth, which strengthens them and prevents dental cavities. Using a fluoride toothpaste helps to remineralize the areas affected by decay and protects them from the bacteria responsible for tartar formation (1).

You Will Need

A fluoride toothpaste

What You Have To Do

Take a sufficient amount of fluoride toothpaste on your toothbrush and brush your teeth diligently.

How Often Should You Do This

Do this at least twice a day.

3. Tartar Control Toothpaste

Tartar control toothpaste contains chemical ingredients, such as pyrophosphates, zinc citrate, fluoride, etc. These ingredients prevent the build-up of tartar and have an anticaries effect on your teeth (2). Some tartar-control toothpaste is also found to contain an antibiotic called triclosan that is responsible for killing certain oral bacteria (3).

You Will Need

A tartar control toothpaste

What You Have To Do

Brush your teeth with a tartar control toothpaste.

How Often Should You Do This

Do this at least twice a day.

4. Baking Soda Mixture

Baking soda soothes the teeth and gums and exerts an antibacterial effect on plaque and tartar (4). This could help in preventing tartar and whitening your teeth.

You Will Need
  • 1 tablespoon baking soda
  • A pinch of salt
  • Toothbrush
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix the baking soda and salt and scrub your teeth with this mixture using a toothbrush.
  2. Rinse your mouth with lukewarm water.
How Often You Should Do This

Use this every alternate day for quick results. Once the plaque is cleared, you can continue using this remedy once every 7-10 days.

5. Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe vera possesses antimicrobial properties and contains antioxidants that can fasten the healing of the gums by scavenging the free radicals produced by the bacteria (5). Lemon essential oil possesses antifungal properties against C. albicans,fungi that are found on our skin and certain parts of the body (6). This can help prevent tartar and caries.

You Will Need
  • 1 teaspoon aloe vera gel
  • 4 teaspoons vegetable glycerine
  • 4-5 tablespoons baking soda
  • 10 drops lemon essential oil
  • 1 cup of water
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix all the ingredients to form a smooth paste.
  2. Scrub your teeth with this mixture.
  3. Rinse your mouth thoroughly to remove the paste.
How Often You Should Do This

Use it once in 3-4 days until the plaque is completely gone.

Note: Do not use this remedy for a long period as glycerine can interrupt the remineralization process of your teeth.

6. Sesame Seed Oil

Sesame oil is rich in bioactive compounds that exhibit antioxidant, detoxification, and antibiotic properties (7). It is traditionally used for oil pulling as it can reduce plaque-induced gingivitis and free radical injury that accompany dental caries.

You Will Need
  • 1 tablespoon sesame seeds
  • Toothbrush
What You Have To Do
  1. Swish the sesame seed oil in your mouth for 15 minutes.
  2. Rinse your mouth thoroughly.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this twice a week.

7. Floss Regularly

Flossing is an excellent way to remove plaque and food particles between the teeth. Flossing the teeth prevents the formation of tartar and helps you maintain good oral hygiene. Floss cleans not only between the teeth but also between the gums, thus keeping dental caries and gum diseases at bay (8).

You Will Need

Dental floss

What You Have To Do

  1. Insert a dental floss string between two teeth.
  2. Gently pull the string back and forth to extract food particles between your teeth.
  3. Insert it in the crevice of the gum to remove any remnants.
  4. Repeat until you cover the entire mouth.

How Often Should You Do This

Do this at least twice daily.

8. Antiseptic Oral Cleanser Or Peroxide Solution For Gargling

Both the mouthwash and hydrogen peroxide are antimicrobial. This solution helps to loosen and remove tartar (9), (10).

You Will Need
  • 1 tablespoon antiseptic mouthwash
  • 3 tablespoons 3% hydrogen peroxide solution
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix the two ingredients and gargle with this solution for a minute or two.
  2. Follow this up by gargling with plain water.
How Often You Should Do This

Repeat this twice a week.

9. Use A Dental Pick

You can use a dental pick (available in stores) to remove hardened tartar from your teeth. It can help you scrape it out gently.

You Will Need

Dental pick

What You Have To Do

  1. With the help of a lighted magnifying mirror, locate the tartar accumulated on your teeth.
  2. Gently scrape out the tartar, spit, and rinse your mouth during the cleaning process.
How Often You Should Do This

Repeat this twice a day.

Note: This should be done with gentle care as picking deep into the gums may cause an infection.

10. Sanguinaria Extract

Bloodroot is a common ingredient in toothpaste as it is an antimicrobial agent and can reduce dental plaque levels (11). Hence, it could be used in reducing dental plaque and gingivitis.

You Will Need
  • 3-4 drops sanguinaria extract (bloodroot)
  • A cup of warm water
What You Have To Do

Add the bloodroot extract to the warm water and gargle with this mixture.

How Often You Should Do This

Use this mouthwash every day, preferably twice a day.

11. Oil Pulling

Oil pulling is done to get rid of plaque and similar infections. Coconut oil absorbs all impurities from your oral cavity. It also possesses antimicrobial properties that are effective against oral pathogens (12).

You Will Need

1-2 tablespoons virgin coconut oil

What You Have To Do
  1. Swish the oil around in your mouth for 10-15 minutes.
  2. Spit the oil out and rinse your mouth thoroughly with warm water.
How Often You Should Do This

Repeat this twice or thrice a week.

Once tartar is formed, it is difficult to remove it and prevent further build-up. These remedies might take a while to show results, but they will help in preventing tartar formation.

Here are a few more tips you can follow to prevent the formation of plaque and tartar on your teeth.

Prevention Tips

  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush to safeguard the enamel and facilitate the easy removal of plaque on the teeth.
  • Avoid smoking as tobacco is responsible for the accumulation of tartar under the gum line (13).
  • Avoid eating foods rich in starch or sugars as they promote bacterial growth in the mouth.
  • Drink sufficient amount of water after each meal to wash out any food particles in the mouth.
  • Consume plenty of vitamin C-rich fruits as they improve oral health and prevent gingival inflammation (14).
  • Schedule periodic appointments with your dentist for general check-up and teeth cleaning.

It is very important to get rid of plaque and tartar before they can cause any more oral diseases. However, keep in mind that tartar can prove to be difficult to remove, depending on the intensity to which it has calcified. The best prevention is through proper oral care and brushing vigilantly and flossing regularly. If the problem persists, you must seek immediate medical help from your dentist.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is tartar considered harmful?

If tartar is not removed, it keeps on accumulating and calcifying on your teeth and gums. It is hard and porous, and this becomes a breeding ground for harmful bacteria. Tartar damages the teeth and gums, which can lead to gingivitis, enamel damage, gum diseases, as well as the loss of teeth. Tartar can also impact bone health by causing bone degeneration or even heart disease in severe cases.

Why does tartar build-up on the teeth?

Bacterial accumulation causes plaque to form on your teeth. If plaque is not cleared from the teeth, it hardens into tartar. Bad oral hygiene practices and a diet rich in starchy and sugary foods increase the chances of tartar build-up.

How long does it take for tartar to form on teeth?

On average, it takes about 12 days for tartar to form from plaque.

What is the difference between plaque and tartar?

Plaque is a soft and colorless film on the gums, wherein the bacteria have started breeding and forming the biofilm. It can be easily removed with daily oral care. When this plaque is not cleaned regularly, it builds up to form a hard and porous yellowish substance around your teeth and gums. This can be very difficult to remove when compared to plaque removal.


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Shaheen holds a postgraduate degree in Human Genetics and Molecular Biology. She is a Geneticist with proficiency in Biotechnology, Immunology, Medical Genetics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Genetic Counseling. Her passion for writing and her educational background have assisted her substantially in writing quality content on topics related to health and wellness. In her free time, Shaheen loves to explore the world and the different flavors/cuisines it has to offer. Photography is another hobby she has developed of late.