Can You Use Apple Cider Vinegar For Sunburn?

Worry less about exposure to the sun when this powerful ingredient is there for your skin.

Medically Reviewed by Dr. Meena KonadaDr. Meena Konada, MBBS, DDVL
By Arshiya SyedaArshiya Syeda  • 

Apple cider vinegar has been known to help lose weight, reduce cholesterol, and improve digestion. But are you aware that apple cider vinegar is helpful in treating sunburns too? How does apple cider vinegar treat a sunburn? Well, its antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antiseptic properties may help soothe skin and potentially heal sunburn. Are there any downsides of using apple cider vinegar on the skin?

In this article, we explore the various ways to treat sunburn using apple cider vinegar and the potential risks that you need to be aware of. Keep reading.

How Does Sunburn Occur?

Excess exposure of skin to ultraviolet (UV) light can cause sunburn. When you are in the sun, your body protects itself from the UV rays by producing a pigment called melanin. Melanin has free-radical scavenging activity and helps reduce the UV-induced oxidative stress on the skin (1).

Melanin is found in the outer layer of the skin that gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes. The extra melanin produced by the body when exposed to the sun causes the skin to get tanned (2). This is the body’s natural way of preventing sunburn by blocking the UV rays.

However, if the sun exposure is for a prolonged time, and your skin is not protected by sunscreen,  you can get easily sunburned in just 15 minutes of midday sun exposure, especially skin types 1 and 2 (fair skin). The full effect of sunburn may only be seen after 24 to 36 hours from exposure, and it usually heals within three to five days.

Stylecraze Says
Swelling (edema), rash, fever, and nausea are some of the many symptoms of sunburn.

So, how does apple cider vinegar work as a treatment option for sunburn? Let us find out in the following section.

How Is Apple Cider Vinegar Useful For Sunburns?

The antibacterial and cooling effects of apple cider vinegar have made it a popular choice to treat sunburn (3). ACV also has a high level of pectin that has anti-inflammatory properties (4). Besides, apple cider vinegar contains alpha-hydroxy acids, including lactic and malic acids, which are extensively used in skin care (5).

However, make sure to dilute apple cider vinegar before applying it to your skin. Refrain from using the vinegar if your burn is severe or if you have blisters and open wounds (ACV may further exacerbate the problem).

In the following section, we look at how apple cider vinegar is made. Keep reading.

How Is Apple Cider Vinegar Made?

Jar of apple slices for making cider vinegar

Shutterstock

Apple cider vinegar is fermented apple juice. Firstly, the apples are crushed and squeezed to get the juice, to which bacteria and yeast are added. This causes its natural sugars to ferment and form ethanol.

The ethanol is then fermented for the second time by adding acetic acid-forming bacteria to convert it into vinegar. It is the acetic and malic acids that give the vinegar its sour taste.

Using apple cider vinegar directly may only worsen the sunburn. So, how can you use it safely? Here are a few useful tips.

How To Use Apple Cider Vinegar For Treating Sunburn?

Person applying apple cider vinegar to sunburnt skin

Shutterstock

1. Apply To The Affected Area

  1. Mix an equal amount of apple cider vinegar and water in a bowl.
  2. Dip a washcloth and wring it out.
  3. Pat it gently on the affected area.

Alternatively

  1. You can soak paper towels in the solution and place them on the burned area.
  2. Remove once the paper towel dries out.

You can repeat this process a few times a day for a few days.

2. Take An Apple Cider Vinegar Bath

  1. Fill the tub with lukewarm (not hot) water.
  2. Add a cup of apple cider vinegar and stir.
  3. Soak for about half an hour.
  4. Turn on the shower and rinse off. Refrain from using soap to avoid drying your skin out.

3. Use As A Spray

Fill a spray bottle with apple cider vinegar and water and spray onto your skin. You can also refrigerate the mixture for up to 3 weeks.

4. Apply With Cotton Balls

  1. Soak cotton balls in diluted apple cider vinegar and dab on the affected area.
  2. This usually works if the affected area is not very large.
  3. You can also place ice cubes on the affected area afterward for relief.

These home remedies may offer you some relief. But what do our expert dermatologists have to say about ACV?  Keep reading to know.

What Doctors Say About Apple Cider Vinegar

Dermatologists seem to have a divided opinion on the effectiveness of apple cider vinegar in treating sunburns.

Some skin care experts agree that apple cider vinegar remedies are useful in  various skin conditions due to its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. However, a few others argue that it might worsen the condition if the burn is severe.

If you are unsure about using apple cider vinegar for treating sunburns, you may follow these alternate remedies that are recommended.

Other Alternative Remedies For Sunburn

The American Academy of Dermatology recommends taking a cold shower or cooling the skin off with a cold compress to relieve the discomfort of sunburn. Also, using a gentle moisturizer or hydrocortisone cream, or aloe vera gel, and drinking a lot of water will soothe the sunburn (6).

Here are a few other home remedies you may consider:

  • Aloe Vera
Person applying aloe vera gel to sunburnt skin

Shutterstock

Aloe vera is the most inexpensive way to soothe your skin. You can apply the gel to the affected area directly. However, it only helps soothe the skin and may not treat sunburn (7),(8).

  • Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is rich in fatty acids and serves as an excellent moisturizer (9). Applying it to the sunburned skin may help alleviate the associated itching and peeling. To be safe, apply the oil only after cooling the skin. It is best to use organic, virgin coconut oil that has been expeller-pressed.

  • Cucumber
Woman with cucumber slices on sunburnt skin

Shutterstock

A chilled cucumber has the potential to relieve the pain of sunburn (10).

  1. Slice a chilled cucumber and lay it on the sunburnt area.
  2. When the slices heat up, flip them to the cooler side.

You can also blend the chilled cucumber and aloe vera gel in a blender to create a thick paste. Apply it to the sunburnt area for a lasting effect.

  • Baking Soda
Woman preparing a baking soda foot soak for sunburnt skin

Shutterstock

Baking soda possesses antiseptic properties similar to apple cider vinegar, which may help relieve skin irritation (11). Its alkaline nature may also help soothe sunburnt skin.

  1. Take a few tablespoons of baking soda.
  2. Add to your bathtub filled with lukewarm water and soak in it for 20 minutes.
Stylecraze Says
You may add a cup of powdered oats to the soak. It may help soothe the discomfort caused by sunburn.
  • Tea Bags

Tea leaves are rich in antioxidants and may help soothe the sunburnt skin.

  1. Soak some tea bags in cool water. The tannins released help alleviate the irritation and pain.
  2. Soak a cloth and gently pat on the sunburnt area.

You can also apply the tea leaves directly to your skin. The tannins released from black tea may help reduce adverse skin reactions from UV exposure (12).

If used in moderation, apple cider vinegar can effectively heal mild sunburn. Undiluted apple cider vinegar, on the other hand, can create a burn of its own. Therefore, you should dilute the vinegar thoroughly before using it. If your skin is blistered and the burn is severe, avoid using vinegar and seek immediate medical help. Of course, the easiest way to avoid sunburn is to avoid it altogether. When going outside, don’t forget your sunscreen. Ensure to avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when UV radiation is at its peak

Frequently Asked Questions

Why do sunburns get worse at night?

Sunburns may get worse at night as there could be friction developing between the skin and the bedsheets one sleeps on. This friction may cause irritation and aggravate the pain and discomfort associated with a sunburn.

Does itchy sunburn mean it’s healing?

The itching of sunburn may not always indicate its healing. It also may be caused due to damage to the top skin layer. One can manage this itching with topical lotions or coconut oil.

How should you sleep with a sunburn?

Sleeping with sunburn may be difficult, but having a cold shower before bed, applying prescribed soothing lotions, and wearing loose-fitted clothes can ease the pain.

Is Vaseline good for sunburn?

No, Vaseline is not good for sunburn. It may clog skin pores and block the release of sweat, which may lead to an infection.

Which oil is best for sunburn?

Chamomile and lavender oil can soothe sunburn effectively because of their anti-inflammatory properties.

Key Takeaways

  • Apple cider vinegar has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and cooling properties.
  • However, before applying apple cider vinegar to your skin for sunburn, you should dilute it.
  • Don’t use the vinegar if your burn is serious or you have blisters or open sores.
  • Aloe vera, coconut oil, cucumber, baking soda, or tea bags are effective alternatives to treat sunburns.

Sources

Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Read our editorial policy to learn more.

  1. Photoprotection and Skin Pigmentation: Melanin-Related Molecules and Some Other New Agents Obtained from Natural Sources
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC7180973/
  2. The mathematics of tanning
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC2714304/
  3. Home Remedy Use Among African American and White Older Adults
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC4631220/
  4. Pectin Oligosaccharides Ameliorate Colon Cancer by Regulating Oxidative Stress- and Inflammation-Activated Signaling Pathways
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2018.01504/full
  5. Comparative effectiveness of α-hydroxy acids on skin properties
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1467-2494.1996.tb00137.x
  6. HOW TO TREAT SUNBURN
    https://www.aad.org/public/everyday-care/injured-skin/burns/treat-sunburn
  7. Aloe vera in dermatology: a brief review
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19218914/
  8. Efficacy of aloe vera cream in prevention and treatment of sunburn and suntan
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16623024/
  9. In vitro anti-inflammatory and skin protective properties of Virgin coconut oil
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC6335493/
  10. Phytochemical and therapeutic potential of cucumber
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23098877/
  11. Home Remedy Use Among African American and White Older Adults
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC4631220/
  12. Potential of herbs in skin protection from ultraviolet radiation
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC3263051/

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