Atkins and Keto are popular low-carb diets for weight loss. They help manage diabetes and keep the heart healthy. But why do some choose Keto and others, Atkins?
The answer lies in the division of macronutrients, how each diet works, and the dieter’s medical history and wellbeing while following each diet. You can get all the details about Atkins, Keto, their differences, similarities, and benefits in this post. Read on to make an informed decision.
In This Article
What Is Atkins Diet? How Does It Work?
The Atkins diet is a low-carb, high-fat, moderate-protein diet. It was first published in the 1970s by Dr. Robert Atkins. This diet induces nutritional ketosis to produce greater weight loss results compared to low-fat diets. Ana Reisdorf, RD, says, “With Atkins after the first 2 low-carb weeks, you start to add back carbs a little at a time.” Meaning, the Atkins diet works in phases. It has 4 phases:
Phase 1: Induction: Starts with a 2-week induction phase that restricts carbohydrates to 20 grams carbs per day.
Phase 2: Balancing: The ongoing weight-loss phase slowly reduces carbohydrate intake to 12 to 15 grams per day.
Phase 3: Pre-Maintenance: The carb intake is gradually increased by adding 10 grams of carbs each week.
Phase 4: Maintenance: A level of 40 to 90 grams of carbs per day is designed to maintain weight loss.
Let us now get an overview of the keto diet and how it works. Scroll down.
What Is Keto Diet? How Does It Work?
The Keto diet is also a high-fat, low-carb, and moderate-protein diet. It switches the body’s metabolism to use fat as the main source of fuel instead of glucose. Dr. Carly James, Ph.D., Nutritionist, says, “A keto diet is basically a diet that tries to create the state of ketosis. This is why your body uses fat as its primary fuel source in place of carbohydrates. It does this by reducing the number of carbs you eat so the body is forced to stop relying on glucose and start using fat.”
If both Keto and Atkins are low-carb diets and they induce ketosis, how are they different? Read to find out.
Differences Between Keto And Atkins
Similarities Between Keto And Atkins
- Both are low-carb, high-fat diets.
- Both work by inducing ketosis where they use fat to burn fat.
- Both cause keto flu characterized by symptoms like vomiting, headache, fatigue, nausea, dizziness, difficulty in exercise tolerance, constipation, and insomnia.
- Foods consumed in both diets are similar.
- Both diets can be modified according to one’s eating habits – either vegetarian or vegan.
- Both offer important health benefits.
Let us now take a look at the research-backed health benefits of both the Ketogenic and Atkins diets.
What Are The Benefits Of Keto And Atkins?
1. Aid Weight Loss
Obesity is a global issue. It affects one’s physical and mental wellbeing. The high-fat and very low-carb nature of the Ketogenic and Atkins diets have shown promising results in weight loss. These diets change the way the body uses fuel for survival. Reducing carb intake and increasing fat consumption shifts the metabolic gear to using fat as a source of fuel (instead of using carbs). This process is known as ketosis. The body starts burning fat exponentially after ketosis sets in. It also helps suppress appetite and reduces body fat.
2. May Help Manage Diabetes
The Ketogenic and Atkins diets may also help manage type 2 diabetes. These low-carb diets help reduce body weight, reduce inflammation (acute inflammation also causes weight gain), and help lower blood glucose levels and other factors that lead to type 2 diabetes.
3. May Reduce Heart Disease Risk
Though Keto and Atkins are high-fat diets, they use high-quality fats. The fatty foods allowed in these diets are healthy and rich in omega-3 fatty acids. The diets include foods like avocado, olive oil, avocado oil, rice bran oil, nuts, and seeds. They discourage consumption of refined carbohydrates and prevent fat accumulation and reduce frequent hunger pangs as a consequence. The resultant ketosis also helps burn accumulated fat. This improves blood lipid profiles and reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
4. May Help Reduce Seizures
The ketogenic diet was created as a treatment diet plan for seizures. A study conducted on 145 children with epilepsy who did not respond to antiepileptic drugs showed a 75% reduction in seizure frequency after taking a ketogenic diet. Adults with difficult-to-treat epilepsy also showed promising results with a 13 to 70% decrease in seizures after being on a keto diet.
5. May Improve Cancer Treatment Tolerance
Low-carb and high-fat diets like Keto and Atkins can also be used as adjuvant cancer therapy. Researchers believe that a ketogenic diet causes an unfavorable environment for cancer cells to thrive. Hence, the diet may help improve treatment tolerance and quality of life in individuals.
6. May Improve Brain Function
Age-related cognitive decline and neurodegeneration can have a negative impact on the quality of life. But the Keto diet has shown promising results in improving brain function and protecting the brain from neurodegenerative diseases. Studies suggest that ketone bodies help fuel the brain even in the absence of glucose. This phenomenon may help improve the brain’s cognitive, memory, and executive functions.
7. May Improve PCOS Symptoms
The polycystic ovarian syndrome is primarily linked to insulin resistance. Irregular periods, excessive facial hair, and deeper voice are few of the symptoms. However, PCOS also puts women at risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. In a 12-week study, a ketogenic diet was found to help reduce blood glucose levels, total free testosterones, BMI, and LDL cholesterol. A ketogenic diet can be considered alongside medical treatment to reduce PCOS symptoms.
8. May Reduce Inflammatory Pain
Animal studies show that a high-fat diet may help reduce inflammation and joint pain. Such a diet may also reduce depressive symptoms associated with joint pain. Scientists report that the ketone bodies produced during ketosis on a high-fat diet act as a source of energy and have an anti-inflammatory effect. This effect may help reduce inflammation and pain. However, the anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects of the keto diet on humans is not well-studied.
9. May Reduce Acne And Manage Psoriasis
Acne and psoriasis are caused due to bacterial infection and inflammation. Excessive insulin increases male hormone production and circulation. This can lead to excess sebum production. This creates an ideal environment for bacteria to grow. A high-fat, low-carb diet like the Ketogenic diet can have insulin-lowering effects that may help reduce sebum production. A study showed that a high-fat diet, like the Keto diet, may help reduce inflammation and correct one’s metabolic status. This diet may be used as a dietary strategy to treat psoriasis.
These are the benefits of high-fat, low-carb diets like the Ketogenic and the Atkins diets. But which of the two is better?
Keto Vs. Atkins: Which Is Better?
Understanding your health goals can help you determine which of the two diets is better. Do you need to lose a few pounds quickly and safely, or do you want to lose the same pounds gradually and safely? Which of the two diets is more sustainable for you? Ana Reisdorf, RD, says, “Atkins is definitely more sustainable as you can begin to slowly eat more foods. But you can lose weight on either of the plans”.
The decision is yours. Think carefully. Talk to a registered dietitian, if required. But there’s something else you must know before you take that step.
Who Should Avoid Keto Or Atkins?
The Keto and Atkins diets have many health benefits. However, they are not meant for everyone. Ana Reisdorf, RD, says, “I would not recommend either diet for anyone with a history of disordered eating, heart disease, or liver/kidney disease. I would recommend that people with diabetes tread cautiously with this diet, especially if they are taking insulin.”
A low-carb, high-fat diet like the Keto or Atkins diet is an effective dietary strategy for losing weight or improving your health. Keto is a more intense version of Atkins when it comes to macros percentage division. Atkins is considered to be more sustainable as it gradually reduces carbs and re-introduces carbs, and may help you lose weight and maintain that weight loss.
Choose the diet that suits your body, mind, and lifestyle. Talk to your doctor if you have any existing health condition before going on any of these diets. Take care of your body and mind give them the right treatment. We hope this post will help you make an informed decision and change your life for the better.
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- Low Carbohydrate Diet
- Ketogenic Diet
- Atkins Diet
- Defining the Optimal Dietary Approach for Safe, Effective and Sustainable Weight Loss in Overweight and Obese Adults
- Ketogenic Diets and Pain
- Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets
- Obesity and inflammation: the linking mechanism and the complications
- Effect of the ketogenic diet on glycemic control, insulin resistance, and lipid metabolism in patients with T2DM: a systematic review and meta-analysis
- Effects of Ketogenic Diets on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Evidence from Animal and Human Studies
- Ketogenic Diet and Epilepsy
- Ketogenic diet in the treatment of cancer – Where do we stand?
- A Ketogenic Diet Improves Cognition and Has Biochemical Effects in Prefrontal Cortex That Are Dissociable From Hippocampus
- Are ketogenic diets promising for Alzheimer’s disease? A translational review
- Effects of a ketogenic diet in overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome
- Osteoarthritis and a high-fat diet: the full ‘OA syndrome’ in a small animal model
- Managing Rheumatoid Arthritis with Dietary Interventions
- Ketones the ketogenic diet, and the skin: a review of where we are and where we should go.
- Effect of Very-Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet on Psoriasis Patients: A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance-Based Metabolomic Study