Ketoconazole is a topical antifungal medication and is used to manage numerous scalp and hair-related issues. It also has anti-androgenic properties and may help in managing pattern baldness (1). Although further studies are required to conclude ketoconazole’s efficacy as a treatment for hair loss, it shows some promising results. This article explores the scope of any such possibility and explains how to use ketoconazole shampoo to manage scalp and hair-related issues.
In This Article
What Is Ketoconazole Shampoo?
Ketoconazole shampoo is an over-the-counter medicated shampoo used to treat fungal infections of the scalp like dandruff and helps manage psoriasis. It helps control flaking, scaling, and itching and reduces inflammation by slowing down the fungal growth (2). This keeps your scalp healthy and helps manage hair loss issues.
In the next section, we have explained how ketoconazole may prevent hair loss.
Does Ketoconazole Shampoo Prevent Hair Loss?
The answer is yes. Your hair health depends on your scalp condition. Fungal infections and other issues often damage the hair follicles. Further irritation and itching can aggravate the condition and cause hair fall.
Ketoconazole shampoo or a topical solution can prevent infections, keep the scalp healthy, and prevent hair loss. It can also promote hair growth. Several studies have indicated the hair growth-promoting effect of ketoconazole:
- Topical ketoconazole was found to improve female pattern hair loss. Researchers found that 2% ketoconazole had a trichogenic effect (hair growth-promoting). However, compared to topical minoxidil, ketoconazole has a delayed effect (1).
- According to another pilot study, ketoconazole inhibits 5-alpha reductase (the enzyme that converts testosterone to DHT) and improves hair growth in people with androgenic alopecia (3).
- Animal studies reported that 2% ketoconazole shampoo stimulated hair growth and had a clinically therapeutic effect on androgenetic alopecia (4).
Although studies show promising results, more research is required to establish a correlation between ketoconazole shampoos and reduced hair loss.
Ketoconazole is a medicated ingredient, and any product containing it should not be used without consulting a doctor.
How To Use Ketoconazole Shampoo
- Apply it to your wet scalp and hair and massage.
- Leave it on for 2-3 minutes.
- Rinse the scalp and hair thoroughly.
- Follow your usual conditioning routine.
Note: Do not use ketoconazole shampoo on cuts and wounds.
Ketoconazole may cause allergic reactions and other side effects. Let’s take a look.
The Side Effects Of Using Ketoconazole Shampoo
Ketoconazole shampoo may cause (1):
- Allergic reaction
- Change in hair texture
- Scalp irritation
- Oily or dry scalp
It may also cause serious side effects like:
- Difficulty in breathing
- Pain or warmth on the area of application
If you experience these or any other unusual problems, consult your doctor immediately.
Ketoconazole shampoo effectively treats fungal infections and helps minimize hair fall. It also promotes hair growth and can be used for managing androgenic alopecia. However, it may cause allergic reactions. Hence, consult a doctor before using a ketoconazole shampoo.
Frequently Asked Questions
How often should I use ketoconazole shampoo for hair loss?
It depends on the severity of your condition. Follow a routine as prescribed by the doctor.
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- Trichogenic effect of topical ketoconazole versus minoxidil 2% in female pattern hair loss: a clinical and trichoscopic evaluation,
- Ketoconazole Topical,
- Pilot Study of 15 Patients Receiving a New Treatment Regimen for Androgenic Alopecia: The Effects of Atopy on AGA,
- Topical application of ketoconazole stimulates hair growth in C3H/HeN mice,