Can Shampoo Cause Hair Loss? A Few Myths & Points To Remember

It may not be the shampoo but the ingredients - uncover the truth behind what’s causing shedding.

Medically reviewed by Dr. Shruti Chavan, MBBS
Written by Arshiya Syeda
Edited by Ramona Sinha, Certified Skin Care Coach
Fact-checked by Medha Deb  • 

When you notice excessive hair fall while shampooing, you immediately think of changing the shampoo. But does shampoo cause hair loss? It seems counterproductive to everything they stand for and claim. Here are a few things you may want to consider.

Not all shampoos may cause hair loss or damage your hair. It depends on the product’s formulation, which depletes the scalp of natural oils and damages your hair. Hair loss can also be caused by how often you shampoo and how much shampoo you use. Read on to learn what ingredients to avoid in shampoos to prevent hair loss.

Ingredients You Should Avoid

Woman checking shampoo bottle for ingredients that can cause hair loss
Image: Shutterstock

Several ingredients in shampoos can contribute to hair loss. Some of them can be irritants and cause scalp inflammation, making your hair thin and brittle. High alcohol percentage in the shampoos can dehydrate your hair. Ingredients, such as mineral oil and petroleum, which are used as lubricants, might weigh the hair down. Hence, look for shampoos that are devoid of such ingredients.

Here’s what you need to avoid:

  • Sulfates

Ammonium lauryl sulfate (ALS) and sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) are the two most common sulfates used in shampoos. They are strong detergents that have good cleansing and foaming properties that create a rich lather. But the downside is that they can make your hair dull, frizzy, rough, and prone to tangling (1). These sulfates are potential irritants, even at low concentrations, and cause hair damage.

  • Sodium Chloride

Sodium chloride, also known as table salt, is used as a thickener in shampoos. It might dry out your hair and scalp and cause eye irritation and itchy scalp. High concentrations of sodium chloride can also cause hair loss (2).

  • Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is an antibiotici  XA type of antimicrobial substance that inhibits or slows down the growth of bacteria in the human body. that helps keep your shampoo safe and shelf-stable. But high concentrations of formaldehyde can cause contact allergy and rashes (3). It is also considered a carcinogeni  XAny substance, agent, or ingredient with the potential of causing cancer or increasing its risk. (4). Formaldehyde and other preservatives penetrate the hair and interfere with hair growth and cause damage, leading to hair loss.

protip_icon Did You Know?
Sweden and Japan have banned the use of formaldehyde in cosmetics and toiletries as it is a possible carcinogen.
  • Propylene Glycol

Propylene glycol acts as a humectanti  X A substance commonly found in shampoos and lotions that is used to preserve moisture in the skin. and helps nutrients penetrate your scalp. However, it can can irritate your scalp (5). If you cannot find shampoos without this ingredient, go for products with a low concentration of propylene glycol.

  • Alcohol

Stearyl, cetearyl, and cetyl alcohols are found in many shampoos. These alcohols are very drying and might strip the natural oils of your hair. Thus, use shampoos with less concentration of alcohol.

  • Fragrances
Avoid fragrant shampoos to prevent hair loss
Image: Shutterstock

If you have sensitive skin or hair, avoid artificial fragrances and colors in your shampoos. They can cause scalp irritation. Switch to fragrance-free shampoos.

The following section has busted some myths related to shampoos and hair. Scroll down to know more.

Common Myths About Shampoo And Your Hair

Myth 1: If You Use Same Shampoo For Long Time, Your Hair Stops Responding.

You have probably heard that changing your shampoo every once in a while is necessary because your hair gets used to it and does not respond to the formula any longer. However, the truth is far from this.

If your shampoo is not as effective as it used to be, it might be due to changes in your lifestyle, food habits, or medications. It might also be due to a change in the formula or the wrong formula for your hair type. Too many surfactantsi  XChemical compounds that reduce the surface tension between two liquids, allowing one to mix well with the other. in the shampoo can leave your hair dry, or too many ingredients can coat the hair and weigh it down. Hence, the solution is not to switch up shampoos but to choose one suitable for your hair type and issues.

Myth 2: Your Hair Will Clean Itself Without Using Any Shampoo.

If you do not wash your hair, it will gather dust, dirt, and be coated in the sebum and oils releases from the sebaceous glandsi  XPresent in the skin and hair that release an oil called sebum, which keeps the skin and hair lubricated. . Shampooing once a week is a must. Heard of the no-poo method? This involves washing your hair with a gentler alternative to traditional shampoos – like vinegar, baking soda, or just water. The no-poo method helps prevent scalp irritation and dryness caused by harmful ingredients in your shampoo. It also helps reduce the overproduction of greasy oils on your scalp. By avoiding shampoos, you are limiting your hair’s exposure to irritants.

Myth 3: Frequent Shampooing Damages Your Hair.

Woman with damaged hair due to frequent shampooing
Image: Shutterstock

A shampoo not meant for your hair type or with harmful ingredients can damage your hair. Frequent shampooing strips the natural oils of your scalp and causes dryness. Thus, use a shampoo as per your hair type, and follow up with a leave-in conditioner. Remember, overusing any hair care products might hamper your hair health.

protip_icon Quick Tip
While shampooing, ensure you do not pile up long hair on top of the head. It may cause hair breakage and tangling.

So, do you have to shampoo your hair at specific intervals? Find out in the next section.

How Often Should You Shampoo Your Hair?

Woman washing her hair with shampoo
Image: Shutterstock

It depends on your hair type and scalp health. If you have dry hair, shampoo not more than twice a week. On the other hand, oily hair types may require daily washing. If you have a normal hair type, shampoo your hair whenever you feel like you need it.

How Much Shampoo Is Enough?

10 ml shampoo is enough to clean your hair thoroughly. Also, the amount of shampoo required depends on your hair type and volume.

To reap maximum benefits from shampooing, remember these points.

A survey conducted on 5793 Americans found that 29% shampooed daily, 31% shampooed 3 to 4 times a week, 26% shampooed 1 to 2 times a week, and 11% shampooed less than once a week. Out of the 31% that shampooed 3 to 4 times a week, 27% were male and 35% were female.

Points To Remember

Woman massaging her scalp before shampooing
Image: Shutterstock
  • Massage your scalp frequently to improve blood circulation and achieve healthy and shiny hair.
  • Avoid 2-in-1 shampoo and conditioner products as they cause product buildup.
  • Use a leave-in conditioner for extra smoothening and moisturizing your hair.
  • Rinse your hair with lukewarm water as cold water discourages blood flow to your scalp.

Infographic: Other Possible Causes Of Hair Loss

While the frequency of shampooing and type of ingredients in your shampoo can affect your hair health, there are a few other things you should rule out as well. Check out the infographic below to learn of all the possible reasons that could be causing hair thinning and hair loss for you.

other possible causes of hair loss (infographic)

Illustration: StyleCraze Design Team

Save the high-quality PDF version on your device now.

Download Infographic in PDF version Download Infographic
Download Infographic in PDF version

Using hair products with the wrong ingredients may cause severe damage to your hair. Though not all shampoos cause hair loss, some ingredients in the shampoos may strip off the natural oils from your scalp and hair follicles, making your hair thin and fragile. The presence of sulfates, sodium chloride, formaldehyde, alcohol, propylene glycol, and fragrances may lead to scalp irritation, hair loss, and hair thinning. Therefore, it is best to avoid these ingredients in your shampoos. Go through the ingredients list before you buy shampoos. Follow the tips and points mentioned here to reap maximum benefits from shampooing and maintaining hair hygiene.

Frequently Asked Questions

What can I use instead of shampoo?

You can try co-washingi  XThe act of washing the hair only with conditioner, especially intended to benefit coily, curly, or extremely dry hair. or use a dry shampoo to keep your hair less greasy and clean. You may use organic shampoos made with naturally cleansing ingredients like soapnuts.

Should I stop using shampoo?

If your hair is too dry, rough, and brittle, you should stop using shampoo too often. Likewise, if the shampoo you are using causes an adverse reaction, you should discontinue using it.

Which shampoo can I use every day?

You shouldn’t shampoo your hair daily. However, you can use mild shampoo daily if you have oily hair or scalp. You may also use shampoos made with natural ingredients like soapnuts.

Can we use baby shampoo?

Yes. Baby shampoo is made with gentle ingredients that can be good for sensitive scalp.

Key Takeaways

  • Ingredients like sulfates, sodium chloride, formaldehyde, propylene glycol, and alcohol in shampoos can contribute to hair loss.
  • Do not use 2-in-1 shampoo and conditioner products. They lead to product buildup.
  • Using a leave-in conditioner after shampooing will give you extra smooth and moisturized hair.

Concerned about hair loss? Discover the potential culprit hiding in your shower: your shampoo. In this eye-opening video, explore the link between certain shampoos and hair loss, empowering you to make informed choices for healthier hair.


Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Check out our editorial policy for further details.
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