Carrier Oils For Skin

Written by Ravi Teja Tadimalla

If you have previously used natural oils for your skin, chances are you have heard of carrier oils. These special vegetable oils are found in various skincare products including creams, lotions, moisturizers, and lip balms. They are used as carriers or base oils to dilute essential oils before application.

However, carrier oils have other great therapeutic properties and are beneficial for the skin. In this article, we discuss the various benefits of carrier oils for your skin and how you can incorporate them into your skin care regime.

What Are Carrier Oils?

Carrier oils are derived from fatty plant parts such as nuts, seeds, and kernels. Common examples include coconut oil, olive oil, sweet almond oil, grapeseed oil, and even butters such as cocoa butter and unrefined shea butter.

These cold-pressed vegetable oils are used to dilute essential oils before topical application. As essential oils are highly potent, they can cause skin damage, burning, and irritation if applied directly. Diluting them in carrier oils minimizes skin sensitivity and also reduces their rate of evaporation.

With so many carrier oils for skin available today, it can be overwhelming to know which suits you the best. Hence, we share a few helpful tips for choosing the perfect carrier oil for your skin type.

Finding The Right Carrier Oil For Your Skin Type

Before choosing a carrier oil, look for how quickly it gets absorbed into the skin. The rate of absorption differs among carrier oils. While some oils, like castor oil, sink in very slowly, grapeseed and camellia seed oils get absorbed fast.

If you have oily or combination skin, go for lightweight carrier oils that permeate the skin more readily. These include grapeseed and jojoba oils.

Thicker oils, such as olive or avocado oils, are more nourishing and could work better on drier skin types. However, they may also clog your pores over time and are not recommended for those with oily or acne-prone skin.

If your skin is dehydrated or damaged, you may also want to pick a carrier oil containing phytosterols. Phytosterols are useful in repairing damaged moisture barriers and can help with moisture retention. They also help preserve collagen after UV irradiation (1).

Additionally, carrier oils rich in fatty acids and vitamins such as A, C, D, and E can help boost the overall skin radiance and restore the skin’s natural glow (2).

Ensure the carrier oil you choose to buy is from a reputable source and of good quality. Since it is absorbed into the body, you want to consider something organic, unrefined, and preferably cold-pressed.

Which carrier oil(s) can suit your skin type the best? Keep reading to know.

  • Carrier Oils For Normal Or Combination Skin

1. Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is obtained from the kernels and meat of fresh, mature coconuts. The oil acts as an effective moisturizer for all skin types and is used as a base ingredient in several skin care products, including creams, lotions, and soaps.

Coconut oil is rich in antioxidants and natural fatty acids, especially lauric and oleic acids that are known to soften skin (3). It is also widely beneficial for many different skin issues.

In its purest, cold-pressed form, coconut oil is generally solid or creamy until melted. Hence, fractionated coconut oil is usually preferred as a carrier oil. The fractionated variant is processed to keep it in the liquid state at room temperature, making it easier to work with.

2. Sunflower Oil

Sunflower oil is rich in oleic and linoleic acids that promote skin healing and strengthen the skin barrier (4).

The oil is extremely versatile and light and is easily absorbed into the skin, leaving a very little oily residue. Sunflower oil is also suitable for acne-prone or irritated skin as it does not damage the skin barrier (5).

3. Pomegranate Seed Oil

Pomegranate seed oil has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties (6). Anecdotal evidence suggests that topical application of pomegranate seed oil may help moisturize and nourish the skin and balance the skin pH.

4. Sweet Almond Oil

Sweet almond oil may help soften and recondition the skin. It is suitable for all skin types and can be particularly beneficial for those with dry, itchy skin. However, more research is warranted in this regard.

  • Carrier Oils For Oily Skin

1. Jojoba Oil

Jojoba oil is widely used in cosmetic formulations such as moisturizers and sunscreens. The oil has a high content of wax esters and closely resembles human skin sebum (7). It is considered suitable for acne-prone and oily skin types.

2. Argan Oil

Argan oil is extracted from the unroasted kernels of the argan fruit. The oil has been traditionally used in Morocco to moisturize skin, maintain complexion, and treat skin pimples and chickenpox scars (8).

Additionally, argan oil is also considered beneficial in treating skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, and skin inflammation. It is also claimed to reduce wrinkles (8).

3. Grapeseed Oil

Grapeseed oil is a very light oil that is easily absorbed by the skin. It is rich in linoleic acid, vitamin E, omega fatty acids, and antioxidants (9).

As the oil is very light, it does not make the skin greasy. The antioxidant capacity of the oil also keeps the pores from getting clogged. Its anti-inflammatory properties may prevent acne outbreaks.

  • Carrier Oils For Dry/Aging Skin

1. Rosehip Oil

The rosehip carrier oil is extracted from the seeds of rosehip and is an abundant source of linoleic and oleic acids (4).

The oil possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and is considered extremely beneficial for treating irritated, dry, and weathered skin. The oil may also treat stretch marks, burns, and scars. However, more information is warranted in this regard.

2. Avocado Oil

Avocado oil is extracted from the fruit of Persea Americana and is an excellent source of fatty acids, minerals, lecithin, and vitamins A, C, D, and E (4). It is odorless and its color can range from yellow/green to green/brown. The oil is widely used in treating dry, damaged, and chapped skin.

3. Apricot Kernel Oil

Apricot kernel oil, which is extracted from wild apricot kernels, is rich in vitamin E and fatty acids (10). It is a popular massage oil as it is absorbed into the skin fairly easily.

Apricot kernel oil is suitable for all skin types and is particularly beneficial for sensitive, dry, or matured skin.

4. Evening Primrose Oil

Evening primrose oil (EPO) is extracted from the seeds of a plant native to North and South America. The oil contains high levels of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a fatty acid thought to help in the treatment of skin conditions like eczema (11). However, more studies are warranted to understand the safety of this oil in this regard.

In another Korean study, patients with mild atopic dermatitis found improvement in their condition with the use of EPO (12).

While carrier oils are generally considered safe and effective for use on the skin, you may want to take a few general precautions before applying them to your face and body. We outline some best practices below.

Precautions To Take When Using Carrier Oils For Skin

1. Always Do A Patch Test

Doing a test patch is necessary before using any carrier oil, especially if you are prone to breakouts. Apply a few drops of the oil on your arm to see how well your skin responds. If you develop any irritation or sensitivity after the patch test, you should avoid using the oil.

2. Read The Labels

You need to read the labels on your carrier oil packaging for any specific warnings or recommendations. If you have nut allergies, you may want to check the label to avoid using oils containing nuts or nut derivatives or are manufactured in a facility that also processes nuts.

3. Avoid Certain Areas Of The Face

When using carrier oils on the skin, avoid applying the oil inside your nose or directly to or near the eyes as the skin in these areas is extremely sensitive.

4. Store Carrier Oils Safely

Carrier oils need to be stored in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight. Excessive light or heat can alter their chemical properties, causing them to turn rancid faster.

Takeaway

When used properly, carrier oils can benefit your skin health. However, it is important to use only high-quality carrier oils on your skin. Oils that are not organic or cold-pressed may actually compromise skin health and aggravate skin issues. Therefore, always opt for oils that have been subject to rigorous testing and approved for safe use.

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Ravi Teja Tadimalla is an editor and a published author. He graduated from SRM University, Chennai, and has been in the digital media field for over six years. He has a Professional Certificate in Food, Nutrition & Research from Wageningen University. He considers himself a sculptor born to chip away at content and reveal its dormant splendor. He started his career as a research writer, primarily focusing on health and wellness, and has over 250 articles to his credit. Ravi believes in the great possibilities of abundant health with natural foods and organic supplements. Reading and theater are his other interests.
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