Daily Skin Care Routine – 5 Simple Steps For Every Skin Type

by Ramona Sinha

Wouldn’t it be great if your skin takes care of itself? No need to worry about wrinkles or any other skin issues! Just turn up looking flawless all the time! Well, sadly, there isn’t anyone in the world who has that luxury. Each skin type has unique requirements, and you need to build a daily skincare routine based on your skin type.

There are plenty of instructions and suggestions to guide you on how to care for your skin. However, it is not as complex as it seems. All you need to do is keep a few things in mind, and everything will fall in place. Scroll down to find the daily skincare routine for your skin type.

How To Determine Your Skin Type

Before you start following a skincare routine, it is critical to determine your skin type. If you are confused about your skin type, here is a simple way to determine it:

  • Normal Skin: This skin type feels balanced. It is neither too oily nor too dry. Also, it is not excessively sensitive and does not react to anything applied to it.
  • Oily Skin: If your T-zone is shiny and greasy, you may have oily skin. Oily skin tends to have larger sebaceous glands that produce excess oil. It is also acne-prone.
  • Dry Skin: If your skin feels tight and itchy, especially after washing, you have dry skin. This type of skin feels patchy and itchy. It is also prone to premature aging.
  • Combination Skin: If your T-zone is oily and the cheeks and rest of the face are dry, you have combination skin.
  • Sensitive Skin: If your skin reacts to any product and gets irritated easily (especially after sun exposure), you have sensitive skin.

If you want to know about your skin type in detail,

Daily Skin Care Routine: Step By Step Guide

Note: Whatever the skin type, you cannot skip the three main steps – Cleansing, Toning, and Moisturizing (the CTM routine). For the rest, you can experiment with any skincare product that suits your skin.

Skin Care Routine For Normal Skin

Normal skin is balanced and doesn’t have issues like other skin types. The aim of your skincare routine should be not to upset the balance.

For Morning

1. Cleansing

Cleanse your skin with a gentle sulfate-free cleanser. Sulfate-free cleansers do not dry out your skin and do a good job of getting rid of any excess oil or grime that may have settled into your skin pores.

2. Toning

Avoid toners that contain alcohol. These products are not only extremely harsh on your skin, but they also dehydrate it and lead to dryness. Instead, use toners with natural ingredients, such as rosewater and any other hydrating ingredient, such as hyaluronic acid.

3. Moisturizing

Using a moisturizer with SPF will help hydrate your skin while protecting it from the sun. Look for one that has an SPF value of 30 or more. Also, choose products that are non-comedogenic and specially formulated for the face.

4. Sunscreen

Though your moisturizer contains SPF, do not forget to apply sunscreen. Go for a sunscreen that has at least SPF 30 and PA + rating. This ensures your skin is protected from both UVA and UVB rays.

For Night

1. Cleansing

Use the same cleanser that you use in the morning. However, it is better if you double cleanse. In other words, remove all the dirt, makeup, and dust from your face using cleansing oil and then use the other cleanser to wash your face.

2. Toning

Tone your face with the same toner that you use for your morning routine.

3. Serum

Use an antioxidant-rich serum to provide additional nourishment to your skin. Check for ingredients like algae extracts, resveratrol, and vitamin C.

4. Eye Cream

Apply an eye cream that is formulated for specific issues, such as dark circles or puffy eyes. Choose one that can address your issue.

5. Moisturizing

Go for a moisturizer with a creamy formula to provide deep nourishment to your skin.

Additional Treatments

You may exfoliate your skin with a glycolic acid serum. Glycolic acid is gentle on your skin and can deeply penetrate it. It dissolves and sloughs off dead skin cells, leaving your skin looking brighter and feeling smoother.

Home Remedies To Try

You may also apply yogurt to your skin. Both oral consumption and the topical application of yogurt is beneficial for the skin and helps to keep it healthy (1).

Skin Care Routine For Oily Skin

Oily skin has overactive glands that produce excess sebum. The aim of the skincare routine should be to minimize oil while maintaining hydration levels.

For Morning

1. Cleansing

It is important to invest in a cleansing face wash if you have oily skin. You can also look for oil-free cleansing gels or foams. Prefer sulfate-free products as these will control oiliness while cutting the risk of drying out your skin.

2. Scrubbing

You may use a very mild scrub to cleanse the skin pores occasionally. Oily skin is prone to whiteheads, blackheads, and clogged skin pores, and scrubbing ensures that your skin is cleaned properly. However, avoid using a harsh scrubber. You may use gentle exfoliants thrice a week.

3. Toning

Alcohol-Free toner with ingredients like sodium PCA, witch hazel, or geranium is the way to go when dealing with oily skin. These astringent ingredients help clean your skin and refine skin pores without damaging or dehydrating your skin.

4. Moisturizing

Contrary to popular belief, moisturizing is crucial even for oily skin types. Dehydrated skin can kick your sebaceous glands into overdrive, leaving your skin in a worse condition than before.

Look for oil-free moisturizers. Water-based, non-comedogenic lotions are usually a good option for oily skin. These products feel light on your skin, keep it hydrated, and leave it with a matte finish. If you have extremely oily skin, you can choose to invest in a good hydrating gel.

5. Sunscreen

Slathering on sunscreen may not seem appealing if you have oily skin. However, this is because you probably have not been using the right products. Sunscreens with zinc oxide can make a world of difference to your skincare routine. These products leave your skin with a matte finish while also preventing breakouts.

For Night

1. Cleansing

Use the same cleanser that you use in the morning.

2. Toning

Tone your face with the same toner you use for your morning routine.

3. Serum (AHA/BHA)

Oily skin usually has large pores, and AHA/BHA serums help minimize the appearance of skin pores. If you have acne-prone skin, look for ingredients like tea tree oil and salicylic acid.

4. Serum (Retinol)

Use any serum with retinol. This serum is beneficial for oily skin as it helps to minimize the appearance of pores with continued use.

5. Night Cream

You may use a water-based, oil-free, and non-comedogenic night cream, in the end, to lock in all the skincare products you have applied. A water-based moisturizer is ideal for oily skin as it feels extremely light.

Additional Treatments

You may use face oils and clay masks as additional treatments for oil control and keeping your skin healthy. Clay masks help absorb excess oil and keep your skin clear, while face oils provide additional moisturization.

Home Remedies To Try

You may use clay masks once or twice a week. Pick any clay-like Multani mitti or Bentonite clay. Make a paste using water or rosewater and apply it to your skin. You may also use lemon juice diluted with water on your skin once in a while. It contains vitamin C that helps reduce UV-induced skin damage, such as photoaging and dark spots/pigmentation issues (2).

Skin Care Routine For Dry Skin

The skincare routine for dry skin should focus on hydration.

For Morning

1. Cleansing

Invest in a mild cleanser that does not lather or foam. It is gentle on your skin and gets rid of dirt without stripping it of moisture.

2. Toning

Look for extremely mild ingredients in your toner. Toners with ingredients like cucumber and aloe vera help clean your face while keeping it hydrated.

3. Serum

An antioxidant serum will help reinforce your skin’s defense. It also helps curb collagen breakdown. Look for ingredients like vitamins A, C, and E.

4. Moisturizing

A moisturizer gives your skin the hydration it needs. Pick a moisturizer that has a thick consistency and contains hydrating ingredients, such as dimethicone, ceramides, and glycerin. Also, make sure that the formula is oil-free and non-comedogenic.

5. Sunscreen

Pick a sunscreen that has a serum-like formula. The rule of sun protection remains the same – pick a formula with at least SPF 30 and PA+ rating.

For Night

1. Cleansing

Use the same cleanser that you use in the morning.

2. Toning

Tone your face with the same toner that you use for your morning routine.

3. Serum

A retinol serum will penetrate your skin and slough off dead skin cells, all while revealing a healthier layer of skin. It will also help prevent the formation of fine lines.

4. Eye Cream

Since dry skin is prone to aging and fine lines, using an eye cream can keep your skin looking youthful and healthy for a long time. An eye cream that contains peptides can help boost collagen activity, improving skin cell turnover.

5. Moisturizing

Buy a good night cream with a high hydrating value. Moisturizers that contain evening primrose oil, sweet almond oil, jojoba oil, cranberry oil, phospholipids, borage oil, or rosehip seed oil are good options as they act as the natural lipids in your skin and reinforce its moisture barrier.

Additional Treatments

Dry skin tends to flake, which can lead to the build-up of dead skin cells. A gentle peel can help remove these dead skin cells and make your skin more receptive to the products you use. You can use face oil as an alternative to night cream if you have extremely dry skin. Leave the oil on overnight. You may also use a hydrating sheet mask occasionally.

Home Remedies To Try

You may apply honey on your skin. Honey helps to regulate skin pH and is an excellent emollient and humectant that keeps your skin moisturized (3). You may also apply aloe vera as it helps to bind moisture to your skin and boost collagen development to make the skin look youthful (4).

Skin Care Routine For Combination Skin

Combination skin is oily in some parts and dry in other parts. But it doesn’t mean you have to follow two separate skincare routines. Instead, you have to strike a balance. This is why a skincare routine for combination skin can mimic steps from other routines.

For Morning

1. Cleansing

Follow the instructions given for oily skin. If this is too drying for your skin, switch to a cleansing lotion that does not foam or lather.

2. Toning

Follow the instructions given for oily skin. You may also use a toner that contains witch hazel.

3. Serum

A hydrating serum is the best pick for combination skin. Serums provide an additional dose of hydration to your skin, prevent tightness, and do not feel heavy. Pick a serum that contains hyaluronic acid.

4. Moisturizing

While you do not need to use an oil-free moisturizer for combination skin, invest in a lightweight mattifying moisturizer that will control oiliness while keeping your skin hydrated.

  1. Sunscreen

Sunscreen is a must for all skin types. Choose a sunscreen that has SPF 30 and PA+ rating and gives a matte finish.

For Night

1. Cleansing

Use the same cleanser that you use in the morning.

2. Toning

Tone your face with the same toner that you use for your morning routine.

3. AHA/BHA Serum

Pick an AHA/BHA serum for your skin. AHA is extremely gentle on your skin and BHA (such as salicylic acid) exfoliates your skin and prevents acne.

4. Eye Cream

You need to nourish the area under your eyes. If you have any specific issues, like puffy eyes and dark circles, pick an eye cream that addresses these issues.

5. Moisturizing

Moisturize your face with the same product that you use in the morning.

Additional Treatments

Like oily skin, you may use clay masks just on the areas that are oily. You may also massage your face with a face oil occasionally. This keeps your skin hydrated without causing excessive oiliness.

Home Remedies To Try

For combination skin, it is best to use soothing ingredients, such as yogurt and honey. These two ingredients make sure your skin stays healthy and feels comfortable.

Skin Care Routine For Sensitive Skin

The skincare routine for sensitive skin should contain products that are non-irritating and specially formulated for sensitive skin.

For Morning

1. Cleansing

Use a gentle sulfate-free cleansing lotion that does not lather or foam to wash your face in the morning. This will help get rid of dirt without irritating your skin.

2. Toning

Avoid toners that contain alcohol. Invest in one that contains ingredients like green tea, white tea, chamomile, and beta-glucan, as they are anti-inflammatory and help reinforce your skin’s immune system.

3. Facial Mist

You may spritz a hydrating and gentle facial mist. This helps to calm your skin. Pick a mist that has a hydrating formula.

4. Moisturizing

Fragrance-free and hypoallergenic is the way to go when shopping for a moisturizer for sensitive skin. This will keep your skin hydrated without irritating it.

5. Sunscreen

Pick a sunscreen that contains zinc oxide. This ingredient is less likely to irritate your skin.

For Night

1. Cleansing

Use the same cleanser that you use in the morning.

2. Toning

Use the same toner that you use in the morning.

3. Serum

Pick a serum that has hydrating and calming ingredients. Choose one that is specially formulated for sensitive skin. Look for ingredients like hyaluronic acid and organic ingredients, such as chamomile and calendula oils.

4. Eye Cream

When picking eye creams, focus on calming and hydrating ingredients, such as vitamin E, chamomile, and hyaluronic acid. Also, make sure the product is paraben- and fragrance-free.

5. Night Gel

When choosing a night gel, go for a product that is non-irritating, fragrance-free, and hypoallergenic.

Additional Treatments

Occasionally, you can use gel-based overnight masks. They keep the skin hydrated and feel extremely soothing on irritated skin. You may also try using a lactic acid serum – it is not harsh and is suitable for sensitive skin.

Home Remedies To Try

A combination of honey and yogurt works well for sensitive skin. These ingredients do not irritate the skin and keep it healthy. You may also try using an oatmeal scrub. Oatmeal has anti-inflammatory properties that help to soothe your skin (5).

A proper skincare routine is not about using a lot of products but using the right products in the right way. This is the simplest way to care for your skin. However, if you have mature skin, you can follow the skincare routine for your skin type mentioned above, but use special products developed for mature skin.

Skin Care Routine For Aging Skin

For Morning

1. Cleansing

Irrespective of your skin type, you need to use a good quality cleanser every morning and evening. Mature skin needs more nourishment, so use a cream cleanser instead of a foaming cleanser. A cream cleanser helps to retain moisture and maintain a fresh look.

2. Toning

Avoid alcohol-based toners. As mature skin loses moisture fast, it is best to use a hydrating toner. Use water-based toners that contain soothing ingredients like chamomile and cucumber extracts, panthenol, and vitamin B.

3. Serum

A light, non-greasy, and anti-aging serum is what your skin needs. Pick one that contains ingredients like hyaluronic acid and vitamin C.

4. Moisturizing

A moisturizer that worked in your 20s is not going to work now. Use hydrating moisturizers that contain ingredients like hyaluronic acid, aloe vera, glycerin. Pick one that is specially formulated for mature skin, fragrance-free, and hypoallergenic.

5. Sunscreen

Mature skin needs overall protection. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen that guards your skin against both UVA and UVB rays. Pick one with high SPF and PA+ rating and that is water-resistant.

For Night

1. Cleansing

Use the same cleanser as in the morning.

2. Toning

Use the same toner that you use in the morning.

3. Serum

Use a serum that contains anti-aging ingredients, such as retinol, glycolic acid, hyaluronic acid, and vitamin C. Look for targeted serums that work on issues like fine lines, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, and skin brightening.

4. Eye Cream

Pick eye creams that contain anti-aging ingredients that keep the skin hydrated, prevent puffiness, and minimize fine lines.

5. Moisturizing

Use the same moisturizer you use in the morning routine.

Additional Treatments

Use a mild scrubber or exfoliant to exfoliate your skin once a week. You may also use facial oil once or twice a week in place of a moisturizer to keep the skin hydrated.

Home Remedies To Try

The aim of DIY remedies should be to calm your skin down and keep it feeling comfortable. You may apply ingredients like honey, yogurt, rosewater, or freshly brewed green tea once or twice a week.

Irrespective of your skin type and age, there are a few rules to maintain clean and glowing skin all your life. These are the basics of any skin care routine that everyone should follow. Take a look.

Additional Tips To Maintain A Healthy Skin

  • Wash Your Face Twice

Washing your face twice a day will keep it clean and prevent breakouts. It is essential not to overwash your face as this will lead to dryness and damage the skin’s moisture barrier. If you have oily skin, do not wash your face more than three times a day.

  • Remove Your Makeup

Never forget to remove your makeup before you go to bed. Makeup can clog your pores and does not give your skin a chance to breathe. This can lead to breakouts and skin aggravation.

  • Moisturize Your Skin

Regardless of your skin type, moisturizing must be an essential part of your skincare routine.

  • Avoid Taking Hot Showers

Hot showers open up the skin pores, which leads to moisture loss. To prevent this, try using cool/warm water to shower and wash your face.

  • Stay Hydrated

Staying hydrated will give your skin the moisture it needs to stay healthy. If you are dehydrated, no amount of moisturizer can help revive your skin.

  • Get 8 Hours Of Sleep

Sleep helps keep the cells in your body healthy. The lack of sleep can take a toll on the cell turnover process, leading to skin damage.

  • Don’t Forget The Sunscreen

The sun is the biggest damaging factor when it comes to your skin. Hence, always use sunscreen or an SPF moisturizer with a minimum sun protection factor of 30.

Keeping your skin healthy may sometimes seem like an impossible task, but the trick is to find out what works best for it. Customizing your routine to cater to your skin’s needs is one of the most productive steps you could take to optimize your skincare routine.

5 sources

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Ramona Sinha

Ramona has a Master's degree in English Literature. She believes that beauty begins with a good skin care regimen and is on a mission to eliminate all toxins from her routine. She helps readers select products and ingredients specific to their skin type and gives out tips to keep their skin healthy in a natural way. When Ramona is not working or experimenting with a new skin care product or ingredient, her books and a passion for music, good food, and traveling keep her busy.
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