With so many options for sun protection, picking the right product can get overwhelming. So is the case with sunscreen and sunblock. Though they may sound the same, they have their own differences and advantages.
Sunscreen and sunblock have different ingredients. They also have unique applications and effects. Here, we further discuss these two products and how they differ. We also help you decide which of the two is ideal for you. Keep reading.
In This Article
What Does Sunscreen Do?
Sunscreen works as a defense layer that absorbs harmful UV rays before they enter your skin (1). It filters the UV rays. It keeps most rays out though it may let some in. It is also called a chemical sunscreen. Many sunscreens contain ingredients like avobenzone, oxybenzone, para-aminobenzoic acid, and others that absorb the sun’s rays (2).
Among the many causes of skin aging, UVA rays happen to be the most damaging (3). Without adequate protection, excessive exposure to UV radiation causes several skin ailments that could otherwise be avoided (1).
What Does Sunblock Do?
Sunblock also protects the skin from UV radiation. Sunblock products utilize microfine zinc oxide (4). The product is usually thicker and less translucent than a sunscreen. While you might feel this could make applying sunblock more challenging, in reality, it only creates a thick layer to repel the sun’s harmful rays out. Unlike a sunscreen, a sunblock totally repels UV rays. It is also called a physical sunscreen.
Today, companies are working on less opaque sunblocks.
What is common between a sunblock and a sunscreen is SPF. We will understand about it more in the next section.
What Is SPF?
SPF, or Sun Protection Factor, denotes a product’s ability to protect from the sun’s UVB rays.
It also tells you how much time your skin can take to turn red when exposed to the sun as compared to if you had never applied the product. For instance, a product with SPF 30 will make the sun take 30 minutes longer to penetrate your skin than if you hadn’t applied the product.
How is a sunscreen different from a sunblock?
Differences Between Sunscreen And Sunblock
The main difference between the two is the way they protect your skin from the harmful UV rays.
Sunscreens mainly aim to absorb the harmful rays so that they do not reach the deeper layers of your dermis. The product usually gets absorbed into the skin.
On the other hand, sunblock creates a barrier between your skin and the sun’s harmful radiation. It is applied to the skin and can often be quite prominently visible.
So, which of the two is better? Which one should you use?
Should I Use Sunscreen Or Sunblock?
Sun protection mainly comes in the form of a gel, lotion, or cream. Many brands have released products that are in powder form as well.
Sunscreen and sunblock offer excellent protection from the sun’s harmful radiation. But when it comes to choosing between the two, your skin type can play a significant role. If you have sensitive skin, you would likely be best off using a sunblock with zinc oxide. These ingredients are also preferred for children because of their mildness.
Those who have preexisting skin conditions or get allergies easily should avoid using products that have artificial fragrances, preservatives, oxybenzone, or PABA (all of which are present in sunscreens).
But if you have a regular skin type and do not have any preexisting skin condition, you may choose sunscreen. It is a matter of choice and convenience in the end. You can even consult your dermatologist to see what works best for you.
No matter what you choose, the end goal is to stay protected from the UV rays. Let us now see why sun protection is essential.
Three Reasons To Use Sun Protection
1. Reduces Risk Of Skin Cancer
Excessive sun exposure is one of the major reasons for skin cancer (5). Wearing a proper protective layer like sunscreen or sunblock can reduce this risk.
2. May Prevent Premature Skin Aging
UV rays can also cause degenerative aging (5). They also contribute to collagen breakdown and cause other skin issues. Sun protection ensures that your skin ages at its own pace rather than through UV damage.
3. May Balance Out Your Skin Tone
Areas that are exposed to the sun are darkened and do not appear aesthetically pleasing. Using sun protection may even out the skin tone and reduce the chances of these dark patches.
Now that you know the importance of sun protection, let us understand its application.
Application Of Sun Protection
The best part about sunblock is that you do not need to wait for the product to be absorbed into your skin. You can just apply it to the surface and let it work its magic. You can step into the sun right away as it works as a physical barrier.
But sunscreen does not work as a physical barrier. Hence, you need to wait for nearly 30 minutes after application before stepping into the sun.
Do keep in mind to apply sunscreen or sunblock generously. Make sure you evenly coat the surface of your skin.
Other Important Label Information
Following are a few other terms to keep an eye for on the product labels.
Water-resistant means that the product can withstand a significant amount of contact with water before it needs to be reapplied. The more water-resistant your product is, the better it is for keeping you safe from the sun while exposed to water.
Broad-spectrum means the product can protect against both UVA and UVB rays.
The FDA has not approved this term for sun protection, but it is a common indication of water- and sweat-resistance. If the product pack has “sports” written on it, chances are it was created to be more resistant to water and sweat. This type of sun protection is perfect for performing athletes.
- Sensitive Skin
Skin care products need to be created to suit different skin types. Sun protection meant for sensitive skin (as is mentioned on the product packaging) does not include PABA, added fragrances, or oils that may otherwise cause adverse reactions.
Let us now look at some additional tips to stay protected from the sun.
Additional Tips To Stay Protected From The Harmful Effects Of The Sun
Staying safe from the sun does not need to be complicated. Along with the application of sun protection, you can keep these tips in mind:
- Wear sunglasses when stepping out.
- Carry a scarf and hat with you at all times.
- Understand what level of SPF you require in your sunblock or sunscreen. This will give you a better idea about the product that is right for you.
- Sun protection is necessary even during winters or when it is cloudy.
Sunblock and sunscreen are two different kinds of sun protection that have the same purpose – keep the harmful UV rays from reaching deep into your skin tissues.
In general, search for products that have an SPF of 30 or higher. You can check the other requirements based on your needs. Sunblock is more suitable for those with sensitive skin. Understand your needs and make your purchase accordingly.
Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions
Is it safe to use sunblock every day?
You should use sunblock as often as necessary to keep the harmful UV rays away from your skin. Remember to wash the product off once you are back home.
While there are no severe side effects to using sunblock judiciously, do ensure to use only as much as you need.
How often should I keep reapplying sunscreen?
You can reapply sunscreen every two to four hours.
Can everyone use sunscreen?
While there are certain skin types that can have an adverse reaction to sunscreen, by and large, they are safe for all. Do a patch test to begin with, and stop if you notice any irritation or redness. Consult your dermatologist for a safer alternative.
Can sunblock and sunscreen be used together?
Combining these two products is not necessary as they both serve the same purpose. Instead, you can use sunblock on days when you are out for a longer time and sunscreen if you are out for a shorter time.
What precautions should be taken while using sun protection?
Make sure you do not use the product on damaged or broken skin. It is also essential to keep the product away from the eye area (6).
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