Benefits Of Duck Eggs, Nutrition, Side Effects, And Recipes

Medically Reviewed by Mayuri Aavula, MSc, Clinical & Holistic Nutritionist
Written by Varsha Patnaik, MSc (Biotechnology), Certified Diet & Nutrition Coach

Duck eggs have a creamy yolk with high protein content and are popular in Southeast Asian cuisine. They are larger than chicken eggs, and are a great alternative to them. The benefits of duck eggs are numerous and are mainly attributed to their dietary protein values and essential vitamins and minerals. You can find these eggs in many restaurants and food stores. This article explores the health benefits of duck eggs, their nutrition profile, possible side effects, and the ways you can include them in your diet. Keep reading.

Nutritional Information Of Duck Eggs

Duck eggs are an excellent source of food because they have a richer yolk compared to chicken eggs. If you are looking for something to give you the right amount of energy in the morning, just devour one duck egg. With 156 calories in 1 duck egg, these make for a convenient breakfast option every day. Along with that, a single duck egg also contains the following nutrients (1).

Calcium42 mg
Phosphorus144 mg
Potassium146 mg
Sodium186 mg
Choline138 mg
Vitamin A, RAE144ug
Retinol141 ug
Lutein and Zeaxanthin300 ug

In the next section, we will look at the different ways duck eggs benefit us.

Health Benefits Of Duck Eggs

Duck eggs are becoming a popular choice of food for people of all ages due to their high nutritional value. Let’s delve deeper into the benefits of duck eggs.

  • May Play A Role Against Fighting Bacteria

A laboratory study was conducted where ovomucin, a protein found in duck egg whites, was isolated and studied. Through observation, they found out that ovomucin displayed significant antibacterial activity against four types of select bacteria (2). While the results seem promising, further research is needed to establish the antibacterial properties of duck eggs.

  • May Help Fight Against Cancer

A study was conducted to see the effect of red yolk extracted from duck eggs on the growth and spreading of human cancer cells. Mice were given an extract from the red yolk of duck eggs for 34 days. The result of the study showed that duck egg extract had inhibited the growth and movement of cancer cells, thus suggesting that duck eggs may play an important role in the fight against cancer (3).

  • May Play A Role In Bone Health

One of the nutrients essential for the formation of healthy bones is calcium. As seen from the above section, duck eggs contain a higher source of calcium than chicken eggs. This was seen in a study where Wistar rats were administered desalted duck white eggs for three weeks. The results showed the rats that were administered duck egg whites demonstrated a higher rate of calcium absorption, indicating that duck eggs may play a role in bone health (4).

  • May Have Antioxidant Properties

Duck eggs contain amino acids and carotenoids that are said to contribute to their antioxidant capacity. A study was conducted to examine the effect of salting on antioxidant activity of duck eggs (5). The researchers saw that salting the eggs increased their antioxidant activity significantly, thus suggesting that duck eggs may have antioxidant properties.

While we have seen the different benefits of duck eggs, let us look at duck eggs and their side effects and potential allergies.

Side Effects & Allergies Of Duck Eggs

While eggs, in general, are beneficial, they are one of the most common allergens, especially for infants and children (6). Does this mean duck eggs might cause any possible side effects? Let’s have a look at some of the side effects reported from around the globe.

  • Just like chicken eggs, duck eggs can also cause allergies. If you develop symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea from eating duck eggs, chances are you may have developed an allergic reaction to duck eggs (7). In such cases, visit a doctor immediately.
  • A study was conducted to see the levels of metals such as lead and copper in two hundred duck eggs taken from farms in Thailand. The researchers found that the egg yolks had high levels of copper and lead, suggesting that metal contamination may pose a problem for consumers (8).
  • Salmonella is a type of bacterial infection commonly found in chicken and eggs that can cause diarrhea and fever. England and Ireland saw a large outbreak of salmonella in 2010 which was directly linked to the consumption of duck eggs (9). It is highly recommended that you clean and cook your eggs properly before consumption.

Word Of Caution: Duck eggs are much bigger in size in comparison to chicken eggs. The bigger the size, the higher the yolk content. This means, duck eggs have more fat and cholesterol than chicken eggs. Individuals with diabetes or cardiovascular disease should limit their intake to 3 duck eggs per week.

Now, let’s dive into the debate of duck eggs vs. chicken eggs.

Duck Vs. Chicken Eggs

What is better, duck eggs or chicken eggs? Before you decide which one is better, let us compare the nutritional value of the two eggs as cited by the USDA (1), (10).

NutritionDuck EggsChicken Eggs
Calcium42 mg40.3 mg
Phosphorus144 mg101 mg
Potassium146 mg80.5 mg
Sodium186 mg88.4 mg
Choline138 mg135 mg
Vitamin A, RAE144 ug98.2 ug
Retinol141 ug97 ug
Lutein and Zeaxanthin300 ug227 ug

As seen above, duck eggs are more nutritious than chicken eggs. Let’s see how duck eggs fare vs chicken eggs in other aspects as well.

  • Duck eggs have a thicker shell than chicken eggs, so one must be more careful while cracking the duck egg.
  • Duck eggs are larger with a bigger and creamier yolk inside than an average-sized chicken egg.
  • The yolk of a chicken egg is pale yellow, but if you look closely at the yolk of a duck egg, they are more orange in color.
  • Duck eggs are more expensive due to their size while chicken eggs are more pocket-friendly.
  • Owing to their thick shells, duck eggs have a longer shelf life than chicken eggs.

If you are feeling very adventurous and want a change from chicken eggs, then duck eggs might just be the right choice for you. Let’s look at some of the ways you can add duck eggs into your daily diet.

What Are The Ways To Use Duck Eggs In Food?

Did you think that poached, fried, or scrambled duck eggs are the only ways to eat them? Certainly not! Asian countries such as Cambodia, Thailand, China, etc. have been known to pickle or salt these eggs. If you are looking to add an extra kick to your eggs, pickling them may not be a bad idea after all!

Due to its creamy texture, high fat, and less water content, duck eggs can make your cakes or pies more moist and yummy. If you are feeling lazy but want to eat something light, a sandwich or a salad with duck eggs can be a perfect choice. Read the next section to find some simple recipes for duck eggs that you can try at home.

Duck Egg Recipes

Duck eggs  would make the perfect addition to any salad, dish or just perfect on their own. Let’s look at some simple recipes of duck eggs you can practice at home.

Duck Egg Salad

Duck egg salad benefits



  • 12 hard-boiled and peeled duck eggs
  • 7 tablespoon of mayonnaise
  • 2 stems of celery, finely chopped
  • 2 tablespoons of chopped or relished pickles
  • 2 teaspoons of salt
  • 5 tablespoons of mustard, grounded
  • 1 teaspoon of lemon juice, fresh
  • ¼ teaspoon of dill leaf
  • ¼ teaspoon of paprika
  • ¼ teaspoon of black pepper


  1. Pour water in a medium-sized pan and bring it to a boil. Add the eggs to a pan over the stove and boil it for 8 minutes.
  2. Once done, remove the eggs from the heat.
  3. Let sit in the hot water with a closed lid for another 8 minutes.
  4. Strain the hot water and run the eggs under cold water for easy peeling.
  5. Mix celery, mayonnaise, mustard, pickles, lemon juice, salt, and spices in a bowl.
  6. Stir the mixture till it is smooth.
  7. Chop the duck eggs into small pieces.
  8. Combine with the mixture, and mix it until the mayo mixture is evenly distributed.
  9. Store the salad in an airtight container in the fridge for up to a week.

Bacon And Duck Egg Sandwich

Bacon and duck egg sandwich benefits



  • slices of sourdough bread
  • 2 tablespoons of aioli or mayonnaise
  • lettuce leaves
  • 1 thickly sliced large tomato
  • 2 duck eggs
  • 4 rashers of bacon
  • olive oil


  1. Lightly toast the sourdough bread and put a little mayonnaise or aioli on all the slices.
  2. Take some lettuce leaves and put them on top of the bread.
  3. Put two slices of tomato and season with salt and pepper.
  4. Heat a little olive oil in a frying pan and cook bacon until slightly crispy. Remove bacon, reserve the fat, and place on paper towels to drain.
  5. Gently crack the eggs into the pan and fry them in bacon fat until it is done to the desired consistency.
  6. Put the bacon on top of the tomato slices and top it with the fried duck eggs.
  7. Season again with salt and pepper. Top with the remaining slice of toasted bread and enjoy!

With their yellow-orange interior, they add a pop of color to your salad or make your sandwich gooey and yummy.


Duck eggs are being increasingly seen on tabletops across the world due to their creamy texture. Filled with nutrients such as calcium, phosphorus, vitamin A and B, these can be a good source of nutrition for you. Research suggests that the possible benefits of duck eggs range from aiding your bone health to fighting cancer. It is highly recommended that you wash your eggs and cook them properly before consuming them. With its low water content, duck eggs can make an amazing addition to your favorite salad as well!

Frequently Asked Questions

Can someone with an egg allergy eat duck eggs?

While duck eggs and chicken eggs come from two different species, there are chances that having an egg allergy in general may lead to an allergic reaction to duck eggs. It is advised that you consult your doctor before consuming duck eggs if you’re allergic to other types of eggs.

Do duck eggs make you sick?

Research has shown that consumption of duck eggs may lead to an allergic attack, metal contamination, or salmonella (7), (8), (9).

Do duck eggs taste fishy?

No. Due to having a bigger yolk and high-fat content, duck eggs have been associated with a creamy taste.

Is it bad to eat eggs every day?

No. Researchers have suggested that eating one egg a day is considered safe (11).

Is a fried egg better than a boiled egg?

No. A study that was conducted found that fried eggs have a high amount of glycation end products, proteins that contribute to diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, in comparison to boiled or poached eggs (12). It is advisable that you eat boiled eggs rather than fried eggs.

Are brown eggs more nutritious than white eggs?

Studies suggest that both white eggs and brown eggs are high in different nutrients such as vitamin A and vitamin E (13).

Do eggs need to be refrigerated?

Yes. Eggs should be refrigerated after buying and consumed within 1 week of purchase.

Key Takeaways

  • Duck eggs have high nutritional content and a richer yolk compared to chicken eggs.
  • They contain more calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and sodium than chicken eggs.
  • These eggs may fight bacteria, enhance bone health, and have antioxidant activity.
  • Duck eggs may cause side effects like diarrhea and salmonella.


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  1. Duck Eggs Cooked
  2. Isolation and Characterisation of Duck Egg White Ovomucin
  3. Extracts of Red Yolk from Duck Eggs Inhibit Metastasis of Human Mammary Carcinoma (4T1) Cells in Mice
  4. Desalted Duck Egg White Peptides Promote Calcium Uptake and Modulate Bone Formation in the Retinoic Acid-Induced Bone Loss Rat and Caco-2 Cell Model
  5. Effect of salting on the antioxidant capacity of duck egg
  6. Hen’s Egg Allergy
  7. Allergy to Eggs from Duck and Goose without Sensitization to Hen Egg Proteins
  8. Health Risk Contamination of Heavy Metals in Yolk and Albumen of Duck Eggs Collected in Central and Western Thailand
  9. Revival of an Old Problem: an Increase in Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhimurium Definitive Phage Type 8 Infections in 2010 in England and Northern Ireland Linked to Duck Eggs
  10. Eggs Whole Cooked Scrambled
  11. An Egg a Day is not Harmful
  12. Advanced Glycation End Products in Foods and a Practical Guide to Their Reduction in the Diet
  13. Comparison of fatty acid cholesterol vitamin A and E composition and trans fats in eggs from brown and white egg strains that were molted or non molted
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Mayuri Aavula

Mayuri Aavula is one of the top nutritionists in Hyderabad, India, and has won several awards and accolades. She started... more