16 Home Remedies To Reduce The Risk Of Cataracts + Types, Causes, And Prevention

by Sucharita Mishra

According to the Centers for Disease Control, cataract is the major cause of blindness. Over 20 million Americans over the age of 40 may have cataracts in one or both the eyes (1).

The formation of a cloudy and dense area in the lens of the eye is medically termed as a cataract. It is usually a result of the clumping of proteins in the eye. This clumping prevents the lens from sending clear images to the retina. This may lead to the formation of cataracts. If left untreated, it may cause blindness.

Hence, it is important to treat this condition at the earliest. While eye operations and surgeries are the conventional methods of treating cataracts, you may also reduce your risk of this condition with home remedies. In this article, we will talk about some home remedies that may reduce the risk of cataracts. Read on!

Home Remedies To Reduce The Risk Of Cataracts

1. Castor Oil

Castor oil exhibits powerful antioxidant properties (2). This may help repair the oxidative damage caused to the eyes.

You Will Need

1-2 drops of hexane-free castor oil

What You Have To Do
  1. Pour a drop of castor oil in both your eyes before sleeping.
  2. Leave the oil overnight.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this once a day for 1-6 months.

2. Vitamins

Preliminary studies show that vitamins C and D may help prevent or slow down the progression of cataracts (3), (4). Hence, consume foods rich in these vitamins, like citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, milk, cheese, eggs, avocados, and almonds.

Note: Consult a doctor before taking additional supplements for these vitamins.

3. Apple Cider Vinegar

Rat studies show that apple cider vinegar has antioxidant properties (5). Thus, regular consumption of apple cider vinegar may help prevent vision disorders and damage to the retina.

You Will Need
  • 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar
  • 1 glass of warm water
  • 1 tablespoon of honey
What You Have To Do
  1. Add a tablespoon each of honey and apple cider vinegar to a glass of warm water.
  2. Mix well and consume this mixture daily.
  3. You can also use carrot juice instead of water.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this once a day.

4. Essential Oils

Frankincense and lavender essential oils exhibit great antioxidant potential (6), (7). Hence, they may help improve vision by preventing oxidative damage to the eye.

You Will Need

1-2 drops of frankincense or lavender oil

What You Have To Do
  1. Rub one or two drops of frankincense or lavender oil between your palms.
  2. Apply it to closed eyes and leave it on for a few minutes.
  3. Rinse it off with water.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 1-2 times a day.

5. Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is an anti-inflammatory and a powerful antioxidant (8). It may provide nourishment to the eyes and reduce or delay the signs of cataracts and other eye abnormalities.

You Will Need

1 tablespoon of aloe vera gel

What You Have To Do
  1. Extract a tablespoon of fresh aloe vera gel.
  2. Refrigerate it and apply it to closed eyes.
  3. Leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes and rinse it off with water.
  4. You can also consume a cup of aloe vera juice daily.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this a few times daily.

6. Coconut Water

Coconut water is packed with electrolytes and has antioxidant potential (9). This may help in reducing oxidative damage caused to the eyes.

You Will Need
  • A few drops of coconut water
  • A clean washcloth
What You Have To Do
  1. Pour a few drops of chilled coconut water into your eyes and close them.
  2. Place a warm washcloth over your closed eyes.
  3. Leave it on for 5 to 10 minutes.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 2 times a day.

7. Flax seed Oil

Flax seed oil is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids (10). Omega-3 fatty acids exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities (11). This may help reduce the risk of eye disorders, like macular degeneration and cataracts.

You Will Need

½-1 tablespoon of cold-pressed flax seed oil

What You Have To Do

Add half to one tablespoon of flax seed oil to your favorite dish or smoothie.

How Often You Should Do This

Do this daily.

8. Garlic

Garlic contains allicin, which is a strong antioxidant (12). This may repair oxidative damage in the eyes.

You Will Need

Peeled garlic cloves

What You Have To Do
  1. Chew on one or two garlic cloves daily.
  2. You can also add garlic to your favorite dishes if the flavor is too strong for you.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 1-2 times a day.

9. Ginger

Ginger exhibits anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects (13), (14). These properties may help reduce inflammation and repair oxidative damage to the eyes.

You Will Need
  • ½ teaspoon of ginger juice
  • ½ teaspoon of lemon juice
  • 1 teaspoon of water
  • Cotton pads
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix half a teaspoon each of lemon juice and ginger juice.
  2. Add a teaspoon of water to this mixture.
  3. Soak two cotton pads in the mixture and place them over closed eyes.
  4. Leave them on for 15 to 20 minutes and then take them off.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 1-2 times a day.

10. Ginkgo Biloba

Gingko biloba has strong antioxidant properties (15). This may protect the lens from cataract formation.

You Will Need

40-120 mg of ginkgo biloba supplements

What You Have To Do

Take 40-120 mg of ginkgo biloba supplements after consulting your doctor.

How Often You Should Do This

Do this once a day.

11. Green Tea

Green tea is packed with polyphenols that are powerful antioxidants (16). These polyphenols may help protect the eye lens from further damage and reverse existing cataracts to a certain extent.

You Will Need
  • 1 teaspoon of green tea
  • 1 cup of water
What You Have To Do
  1. Add a teaspoon of green tea to a cup of water and bring it to a boil.
  2. Simmer and strain.
  3. Allow the tea to cool a little before drinking it.
How Often You Should Do This

Drink this 2 times a day.

12. Honey

Honey is a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound (17). It may help treat existing damage to the eye lens and may also prevent future issues.

You Will Need
  • 1 teaspoon of honey
  • 1-1 ½ teaspoons of water
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix the honey with water.
  2. Pour this solution into your eyes and blink away the excess water.
  3. You can also consume a teaspoon of honey regularly.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 1-2 times a day.

13. Lemon Juice

The citric acid present in lemon juice has antioxidant properties (18). Rat studies showed that it might help reduce the risk of cataracts (18).

You Will Need
  • ½ teaspoon of lemon juice
  • 1 teaspoon of water
  • Cotton pads
What You Have To Do
  1. Dilute half a teaspoon of lemon juice with a teaspoon of water.
  2. Mix well and soak a cotton pad in it.
  3. Place the cotton pads over closed eyelids and leave them on for about 20 minutes.
  4. Remove the cotton pads and rinse your eyes with plain water.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this at least once a day.

14. Onion Juice

Onion is a rich source of flavonoids and was found to prevent cataract formation in rat studies (19).

You Will Need
  • 1 teaspoon of fresh onion juice
  • 2 teaspoons of water
What You Have To Do
  1. Add two teaspoons of water to a teaspoon of fresh lemon extract.
  2. Mix well and pour a drop of this solution into both the eyes.
  3. Blink away the excess mixture.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 1-2 times a day.

15. Wheatgrass Juice

Wheat grass is rich in beta-carotene and also exhibits antioxidant properties (20). This may make wheatgrass an excellent home remedy for reducing the risk of cataracts.

You Will Need

1-2 ounces of fresh wheatgrass juice

What You Have To Do

Consume 1 to 2 ounces of wheatgrass juice daily.

How Often You Should Do This

Do this for a few weeks.

16. Olive Oil

Olive oil is packed with antioxidants (21). This may help repair damaged lenses and keep the eyes nourished and moisturized (22).

You Will Need

Olive oil (as required)

What You Have To Do
  1. Add olive oil to your favorite dishes and salads.
  2. You can also pour a drop of olive oil into your eyes.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this on a regular basis.

Faster diagnosis of cataracts may assure faster treatment and can prevent further complications in the eyes.

Diagnosis

Doctors may run the following tests to look for a developing cataract:

  • A comprehensive eye test that includes an eye chart test to check the distant vision and a tonometry test to measure your eye pressure.
  • Testing the eye’s sensitivity to glare.
  • Testing how you perceive colors.

In addition to the remedies, one must also eat right. Given below are some foods that may help delay the development of cataracts.

Best Foods For Cataracts

Since excess oxidative stress is believed to be one of the main causes of cataracts, foods rich in antioxidants may help. Consume foods like:

  • Citrus fruits
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Guavas
  • Bell peppers
  • Papaya
  • Broccoli

Beta-carotene rich foods may also help delay or prevent cataract formation. A few of them include:

  • Carrots
  • Sweet potato
  • Kale
  • Spinach
  • Turnip

You may also follow these prevention tips to prevent the formation of cataracts.

Prevention Tips

  • Quit smoking.
  • Wear shades while out in the sun.
  • Limit your alcohol intake.
  • Keep a check on the blood sugar levels.
  • Get your eyes tested regularly.
  • Do not strain your eyes for long periods.

Cataracts may be classified into different types based on their cause and where they develop.

Types Of Cataracts

The different types of cataracts include:

  • Nuclear Cataracts: These are formed in the center of the lens and may cause the nucleus of the lens to turn brownish or yellowish.
  • Cortical Cataracts: These are wedge-shaped and are formed around the nucleus (center) of the lens.
  • Posterior Cataracts: These affect the back of the lens and are formed faster than the former types.
  • Congenital Cataracts: These cataracts are present at birth or may surface during the child’s first year.
  • Secondary Cataracts: Secondary cataracts are often a result of health conditions like diabetes and glaucoma or medications like steroids.
  • Traumatic Cataracts: Cataracts that are a result of trauma to the eyes over the years are called traumatic cataracts.
  • Radiation Cataracts: As the name suggests, this type of cataract occurs after an individual undergoes radiation for cancer.

Let’s look at the various causes of cataracts and risk factors of the condition.

Causes Of And Risk Factors For Cataracts

Cataracts may occur due to:

  • Overproduced oxidants
  • Trauma or injury
  • Radiation
  • Medications like steroids
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to ultraviolet radiation
  • Medical issues like diabetes and glaucoma
  • Smoking

Factors that may put a person at a higher risk of developing cataracts include:

  • Advancing age
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Past injuries to your eye
  • A history of cataracts in your family

The following are some of the most common signs that surface with the development of cataracts.

Signs And Symptoms Of Cataracts

  • Blurry vision
  • Reduced vision at night.
  • Colors look faded.
  • Your sensitivity to glare increases.
  • Visibility of halos while looking directly at the light.
  • Double vision
  • The power of your prescription glasses keeps changing.

Cataracts may develop in anybody at any point in time. Hence, they need to be treated as early as possible to prevent them from progressing and worsening your eyesight. It is important to remember that the above list of home remedies may only help in delaying the risk of cataracts and not treat the condition. If you are looking for treatment options for cataracts, seek medical advice.

Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions

What is the average age for cataracts?

Individuals aged between 41-60 years and above are commonly affected by cataracts. This clearly shows that advancing age is one of the leading risk factors for this condition.

What will happen if a cataract is left untreated?

Cataracts may cause legal blindness if left untreated. When not treated for longer periods, they may cause total blindness.

Can you remove a cataract without surgery?

Currently, some eye drops are being tested for dissolving cataracts without the need for surgery. Also, the natural remedies mentioned above may help in reducing the risk of cataracts.

How long does it take to get a cataract removed?

Surgery for cataracts hardly takes 10 minutes. However, the blurriness after surgery may take anywhere between 24 hours to even two weeks (in rare cases) to clear.

22 sources

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Sucharita Mishra

Sucharita Mishra has a Master’s degree in Biotechnology and specializes in writing on Health and Wellness. She has worked on determining various heavy metals present in green tea for her Master’s dissertation at CSIR- CFTRI, Mysuru. After completing her degree, Sucharita decided to pursue her passion for writing. She is addicted to all things black and aspires to become a bat one day.
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