Gelling Well With Gelatin: Health Benefits And Side Effects

By Varsha Patnaik, MSc (Biotechnology), Certified Diet & Nutrition Coach

What do cakes, puddings, and ice cream have in common? If you guessed milk and sugar, you’re right. In addition to these ingredients, a very special substance called gelatin is commonly used in the preparation of these dishes. Gelatin is also one of the main ingredients in jello that you are so dearly fond of. Artisanal bakers who bake exotic cakes also use gelatin to create ribbons and other decorations. So what is gelatin and what are its benefits and uses? Keep reading to find out!

What Is Gelatin?

Gelatin is a protein-based product that is commonly used in baking and confectionery as a stabilizing agent. It is derived from collagen that is obtained from boiling the bones, joints, and connective tissues of animals (pigs and cows mostly). Apart from being used in food as a stabilizing ingredient, gelatin is also used in some skincare and hair care products.

Since gelatin is generally derived from animals, it is not vegan. However, there are a few alternatives to gelatin that are not made from animal tissue. Find out what they are in the next section.

Alternatives To Gelatin

Since gelatin generally is made from pig and cow bones, it is not considered to be kosher or halal. Fortunately, there are plant and fruit-based alternatives that are vegan and can be used as a substitute to their meat-based counterpart.

  •  Agar-agar

This variety of gelatin is derived from cooked and pressed seaweed. Seaweed is boiled until it becomes a gel-like consistency, which is later pressed and dried. Once it dries, it is crushed into a fine or flaky powder. You can use agar-agar as a direct substitute for regular gelatin in most of your recipes. However, if your recipe requires citrus fruits like lemons and oranges, you will need to use double the required amount.

  •  Carrageen

This is another variety of vegetarian gelatin that is also made from seaweed (Irish moss).

  •  Pectin

Pectin is fruit-based gelatin that is commonly found in citrus fruits. It is a commonly found ingredient in fruit-based yogurt, that helps enhance the flavor and mouthfeel. It is also used in homemade jams and jellies.

You can choose any one of these three varieties of gelatin and add them to your recipe. Now let us see how nutritious gelatin is, in the next section.

Nutrition Values Of Gelatin

Nutritional value of gelation per 100g (1).

Name

Value Per 100g

Energy

429kcal

Protein

100g

Total Fat

0

Carbohydrates

0

Total Sugar

0

Sodium

0

From the above table, it is quite evident that gelatin is rich in protein and has zero sugar, fat, salt, and carbs. How exactly does this benefit your health? Find out in the next section.

Health Benefits Of Gelatin

Gelatin is rich in proteins, especially collagen and amino acids that benefit your health in numerous ways (2). Let’s find out what some of these potential health benefits are:

  •  Good For Your Bones And Joints

Gelatin contains amino acids like glutamic acid that are known to improve bone health (3). Research on rats suggests that gelatin might be helpful in improving the bone mineral content, thereby strengthening the bones (4). However further studies are required to determine its effectiveness on human bones.

  •  Good For Your Skin And Hair

Gelatin is also a rich source of collagen that is beneficial for your skin health and hair. Studies suggest that collagen may help keep your skin hydrated and moisturized (5). Gelatin might also help increase hair mass and volume. A study on volunteers in the age group of 21-28 years revealed that those who received gelatin supplements saw a 30% increase in hair mass and volume (6).

  •  Might Benefit Brain And Memory Functions

Gelatin also contains an amino acid called glycine that is known to improve memory function. According to a study, consuming glycine significantly improves the memory of young and middle-aged people (7). The study also suggests that it may help benefit those who are diagnosed with schizophrenia and Parkinson’s disease.

There is a small amount of research to suggest that glycine present in gelatin might also be useful in relieving the symptoms of OCD and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) (8).

  •  May Assist In Weight Loss

Gelatin might be helpful in losing weight as it is rich in protein and contains no carbs or fat. Studies suggest that consuming gelatin releases a hormone called ghrelin that makes you feel full and thereby makes you want to eat less (9). Studies have also shown that a high protein diet helps lower fat levels that might lead to weight loss (10).

  •  Might Help You Sleep Better

Glycine present in gelatin may have therapeutic effects that may help improve your sleep. Research suggests that oral administration of 3 grams of glycine before bedtime may help improve sleep and reduce sleepiness and fatigue during the daytime. Glycine might also help reduce your core temperature and increase the duration of REM sleep (rapid eye movement) (11).

  •  Might Improve Your Digestive Health

Gelatin contains glutamic acid that gets converted to glutamine when absorbed by your body. Glutamine is known to strengthen the lining of your gut wall by reducing its permeability and protecting it from bacterial infection. It may also help reduce inflammation in your gut (12).

  •  Might Slow Down The Growth Of Cancer

Studies on mice have shown that gelatin obtained from pigskin might reduce the size of cancerous tumors and increase life span (13). Further research is required to prove its effectiveness on humans.

These potential health benefits of gelatin make it a good addition to your diet. Let us see if there are any side effects to eating gelatin.

Allergies And Adverse Effects

When it comes to allergies, studies suggest gelatin may cause allergic reactions to certain vaccinations that contain gelatin as a stabilizing agent (14). A report by the CDC suggests measles vaccinations that used gelatin as a stabilizing agent may have allergic reactions such as anaphylactic shock (15). In the same report, the CDC also states that only a single case of such a reaction has been reported in the USA to date. Further research is required to establish a link between gelatin and its side effects on certain vaccinations. The USFDA has regarded gelatin to be generally safe for consumption (16).

Having understood the benefits and side effects of gelatin, let us learn how to prepare gelatin at home in the next section.

How To Prepare Gelatin At Home

Gelatin can be prepared using the bones and ligaments of various animals. However, pork, beef, and chicken bones are the most commonly used.

Here is how you can prepare gelatin at home.

Ingredients Required

  •  4-5 pounds of beef, pork, or chicken bones and connective tissue.
  •  1 tablespoon of salt
  •  2-3 liters of water

Preparation

  1.  Transfer all the bones and connective tissue to a large pot or slow cooker and add salt.
  2.  Pour enough water so that the bones are completely covered.
  3.  Bring the contents to a boil and let it cook for 5-7 minutes.
  4.  Reduce the heat and let it simmer for a minimum of 48 hours.
  5.  Strain the liquid with a sieve and allow it to cool.
  6.  Once the liquid cools, it will begin to solidify into gelatin.

Making gelatin at home is fairly simple, but it can be a time-consuming process. If you don’t have the time to make gelatin from scratch, you can buy it from a grocery store. However, if you have made gelatin from scratch, you need to know how to store and preserve it. Learn more about this in the next section.

Tips For Storing Gelatin

Freshly prepared gelatin can be stored for up to a week in the fridge, and up to a year when frozen. You can also add fruit flavoring agents to freshly prepared gelatin and make ice cubes for later use.

Let’s put that gelatin to good use with some easy recipes.

Gelatin Recipes

Here are a few simple recipes you can try using freshly made or store-bought gelatin.

The first recipe is for homemade jello

Homemade Jello

Homemade jello

Shutterstock

Ingredients Required

  •  4 cups of fruit juice of your choice or fruit concentrate
  •  2 tablespoons of unflavoured gelatin powder
  •  2 tablespoons of honey or agave

Preparation

  1.  To a saucepan add 3 cups of the fruit juice/concentrate and gelatin powder and mix well.
  2.  Allow it to settle for 3-5 minutes. The mixture should look like a thick granular paste, similar to apple sauce.
  3.  Now add the remaining juice/concentrate and heat it on medium flame until it is just about to boil.
  4.  Remove from the heat and add honey/agave and stir well to dissolve the sweetener
  5.  Pour the contents into an 8×8 baking tray or individual shot glass.
  6.  Refrigerate for 4 hours to set and enjoy.

The next recipe is for an easy creamy gelatin dessert.

Creamy gelatin dessert

Creamy gelatin dessert

Shutterstock

Ingredients Required

  •  6 ounces of lemon-flavored gelatin
  •  4 cups of water
  •  2 cups of mini marshmallows
  •  4 ripe bananas, sliced
  •  20 ounces of canned pineapple
  •  ½ cup of sugar
  •  2 tablespoons of all-purpose flour
  •  2 tablespoons of butter
  •  1 cup of heavy whipping cream
  •  ½ cup of chopped walnuts

Preparation

  1.  In a saucepan, boil 2 cups of water and add gelatin powder.
  2.  Remove from heat and stir until gelatin has dissolved.
  3.  To this, add marshmallows and stir until they are melted.
  4.  Now add the banana, crushed pineapple (keep aside the reserved juice), and 2 cups of cold water.
  5.  Pour this mixture into a 13×9 inch pan and set it aside to chill.
  6.  In a separate saucepan, add sugar and all-purpose flour and gradually stir in the reserved pineapple juice
  7.  Add butter and bring the mix to a boil.
  8.  Cook and stir for 2 minutes on medium heat.
  9.  Remove from heat and set it aside to cool down to room temperature.
  10.  In a small bowl add heavy whipping cream and whisk until peaks form.
  11.  Fold this mixture into the pineapple juice and spread it on top of the set gelatin mix.
  12.  Sprinkle walnuts on top and let it chill in the fridge for 1-2 hours.
  13.  Take it out after 2 hours and enjoy!

Try these recipes at home and enjoy them with friends and family.

In conclusion, gelatin is a protein-based product that is obtained from boiling bones and connective tissues of animals. Vegans can use plant-based gelatin alternatives such as aga-agar, pectin, and carrageenan. Gelatin contains amino acids such as glycine and glutamic acids that give it numerous potential health benefits. The USFDA deems gelatin as generally safe to consume.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much gelatin should I take daily?

Eating up to 10 grams of gelatin for up to six months is considered safe.

Can gelatin tighten skin?

Gelatin may help promote skin elasticity and firmness. It may also help reduce the appearance of stretch marks.

Which is better: gelatin or collagen?

The intake of collagen in supplement form is better when compared with gelatin. At the same time, gelatin is great for preparing desserts or jellies.

Is gelatin anti-aging?

Gelatin may help reduce the signs of aging. However, limited research is available in this regard.

Key Takeaways

  • Gelatin is usually derived from the bones of animals like pigs and cows.
  • Vegan-friendly gelatin alternatives like pectin are also available in the market.
  • Gelatin is 100% protein and contains zero carbs or fat, which may help lose weight.
  • It is also used in skin and hair care products, owing to its rich collagen content.

Sources

Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Read our editorial policy to learn more.

  1. Gelatin
    https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/498990/nutrients
  2. Gelatin: A Comprehensive Report Covering Its Indispensable Aspects
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308694247_Gelatin_A_comprehensive_report_covering_its_indispensable_aspects
  3. Amino Acid Intakes Are Associated With Bone Mineral Density and Prevalence of Low Bone Mass in Women: Evidence From Discordant Monozygotic Twins
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26334651/
  4. Ingestion of Gelatin Has Differential Effect on Bone Mineral Density and Body Weight in Protein Undernutrition
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/11987523_Ingestion_of_Gelatin_Has_Differential_Effect_on_Bone_Mineral_Density_and_Body_Weight_in_Protein_Undernutrition
  5. The Effect Of Oral Collagen Peptide Supplementation On Skin Moisture And The Dermal Collagen Network: Evidence From An ex Vivo model And Randomized Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jocd.12174
  6. Effect Of Gelatin-Cystine Ano Serenoa Repens Extract On Free Raoicals Level Ano Hair Growth
    http://iscd.it/files/EFFECT-OF-GELATIN-CYSTINE-ANO-SERENOA-REPENS-EXTRACT-ON-FREE-RAOICALS-LEVEL-AND-HAIR-GROWTH.pdf
  7. Beneficial Effects Of Glycine (bioglycin) On Memory And Attention In Young And Middle-Aged Adult
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10587285/
  8. High-Dose Glycine Treatment Of Refractory Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder And Body Dysmorphic Disorder In A 5-Year Period
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC2825652/
  9. Oral Ingestion Of A Hydrolyzed Gelatin Meal In Subjects With Normal Weight And In Obese Patients: Postprandial Effect On Circulating Gut Peptides Glucose And Insulin
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18319637/
  10. The Effects Of High Protein Diets On Thermogenesis Satiety And Weight Loss: A Critical Review
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15466943/
  11. The Sleep-Promoting And Hypothermic Effects Of Glycine Are Mediated By Nmda Receptors In The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC4397399/
  12. Glutamine: Role In Gut Protection In Critical Illness
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/6874210_Glutamine_Role_in_gut_protection_in_critical_illness
  13. In vivo anti-tumor activities of gelatin
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19783967/
  14. Systemic Allergic Reactions To Gelatin Included In Vaccines As A Stabilizer
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11135703/
  15. Update: Vaccine Side Effects Adverse Reactions Contraindications and Precautions
    https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr4512.pdf
  16. Food Additive Status List
    https://www.fda.gov/food/food-additives-petitions/food-additive-status-list#ftnG
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Varsha holds a master's degree in biotechnology from Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, and is a certified diet and nutrition coach. She... more

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