Let’s face it – there’s no escape from acne. We all get them from time to time. Some disappear with treatment while some refuse to go away. These are painful and look red and angry. If that’s the case with you, it’s highly likely that you have hormonal acne.
Hormonal acne has a deep connection with the fluctuations in the hormone levels in your body. Let’s understand what it is and how you can improve your condition.
Table Of Contents
- What Is Hormonal Acne?
- What Are The Causes Of Hormonal Acne?
- How To Treat Hormonal Acne
- Hormonal Acne: Foods To Avoid
What Is Hormonal Acne?
When your hormone levels fluctuate, you get hormonal acne. While we usually tend to associate it with puberty, even adults can experience hormonal acne.
Compared to men, this is more common in women as multiple factors, such as the menstrual cycle and menopause, affect the hormone levels in women. Hormonal issues associated with underlying medical conditions (such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) may also cause hormonal acne.
The most common symptoms of acne include:
Whiteheads and blackheads are neither painful nor inflamed. However, if they get inflamed, they may turn into pustules or cysts that are red and painful.
There are a few characteristic features of hormonal acne:
- During puberty, the T-zone is the most common area where hormonal acne occurs. This is because the influx of hormones causes excessive sebum production in this area.
- In adults, hormonal acne typically occurs on the cheeks, the areas at the bottom of the cheeks, and the jawline.
- It’s not necessary that hormonal acne have to be red, painful bumps or cysts. They may also appear as whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples.
Women may experience hormonal acne during pregnancy and menopause. The changes in the hormone levels make them break out.
Apart from hormones, several other factors that can cause hormonal
What Are The Causes Of Hormonal Acne?
- Puberty: This is, of course, the first and foremost cause of hormonal acne. During this time, the testosterone levels increase in the body, which makes your sebaceous glands overactive.
- Clogged Pores: Overproduction of sebum can block the hair follicles and form comedones. The dead skin cells also contribute to the process and further aggravate the issue.
- Bacterial Infection: The acne worsens further due to bacterial infection in the clogged skin pores.
- Inflammation: Your immune system responds to the bacterial infection, causing further inflammation.
Our hormones play a significant role in causing acne. In women, the hormone levels change during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. This increases the risk of getting hormonal acne. Conditions such as PCOS can also impact your hormone levels and cause acne.
Don’t worry. You can take medications or follow natural remedies to improve your condition.
How To Treat Hormonal Acne
Medicines To Improve Hormonal Acne
1. Birth Control Pills
Birth control pills are not merely contraceptives – they can also help in reducing acne breakouts.
A study conducted by the Cochrane Group examined 31 trials involving 12,579 women. The author of the study concluded that all combination contraceptive pills were effective in improving both inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne (1).
Another study found that contraceptives containing drospirenone were less effective in controlling acne than pills that had norgestimate (2).
However, birth control pills should be taken with caution. Always consult your doctor before taking any pills.
If you have mild hormonal acne, you can use topical retinoids to improve your condition. Retinoids are derivatives of vitamin A and very effective in treating acne. They are mostly available as creams, lotions, and gels. However, the strength of the formula required to treat your acne has to be determined by a doctor. Hence, avoid self-medication.
The most commonly available topical retinoids include Adapalene, Tretinoin, Isotretinoin, Retinaldehyde, Motretinide, and β-retinoyl glucuronide (3).
3. Androgen Receptor Blockers Or Anti-Androgen Medications
Both men and women have androgen (the male hormone) in their body, but too much of it can cause acne. This is because androgen increases the sebum production in your skin.
Several androgen receptor blockers have been used for controlling androgen-induced sebum production and acne. These are Spironolactone, Cyproterone acetate, and Flutamide (2). These drugs help in bringing down the levels of androgen.
4. Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide has been used for treating acne for decades. It is one of the most popular choices for treating acne because of its antibacterial properties (it can kill P. acnes and S. aureus bacteria). It is moderately comedolytic (prevents comedones) and keratolytic (treat warts and lesions) (4).
If you are keen on trying natural remedies, I have got your back. These natural remedies may not be as effective as acne medications, but they do not have any side effects. Let’s check them out.
Natural Treatment Options For Hormonal Acne
1. Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil has an anti-inflammatory effect, which is beneficial in improving acne, especially mild to moderate acne. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study involving 60 patients found that 5% topical tea tree oil was effective in reducing acne inflammation by 43.64% (after six weeks of treatment) (5).
2. Green Tea
Green tea contains polyphenols, which, when taken orally or applied topically, help to reduce sebum production and treat acne. In a single-blind randomized trial, researchers used 2% tea lotion for treating acne. 85% of the subjects experienced a significant reduction in acne (decreased by 50%), while 15% did not respond to treatment (6).
Self-care is equally important for improving acne. If you do not take care of your skin properly and neglect it, no medication can help. Here are a few tips you can follow to take care of your skin:
- Use a gentle cleanser to clean your skin twice daily. Do not overdo it as it can irritate your skin further.
- Always use warm water to clean your face or the affected area. Never use hot water.
- Avoid using scrubs on your face as the friction can worsen your inflammation.
- No touching, no picking – as doing so slows down healing.
- Avoid using makeup on your skin. However, if you are applying makeup, look for non-comedogenic products. Avoid using too much of the product.
Your diet is also linked to your acne condition. Though diet may not cause hormonal acne, it can definitely worsen it. Dietary fat and carbohydrates can increase your sebum production. It was found that people who followed a low glycemic diet did not suffer from acne (7). Here is a list of foods you should avoid to prevent your acne from getting worse.
Hormonal Acne: Foods To Avoid
1. Refined Grains
It was found that people who consumed refined carbohydrates suffered from acne compared to those who did not (8). Consuming added sugar also exposes you to the risk of developing acne (9). Avoid these foods:
- Pasta (made with white flour)
- Bread (made with white flour)
- Aerated drinks, soda, and any sugary drink
- Sweeteners such as maple syrup, honey, and cane sugar
- Other dairy products such as cheese and ice cream
3. Fast Foods
The Western diet is characterized by high intake of high calories, fat, and high GI foods (12). In a study involving 2,300 men, it was found that eating cakes, pastries, burgers, and sausages frequently increased the risk of acne (13).
There’s an ongoing debate on whether chocolate triggers acne or not. However, a study involving 25 acne-prone men found that consuming normal amounts of dark chocolate for four weeks caused acne flare-ups (14).
Caring for acne doesn’t stop here. Skin care requires commitment. Once your acne is gone, it is important to stick to a healthy lifestyle and follow a healthy skin care routine to prevent its recurrence.
Hope this article helped you get an insight into hormonal acne. If you have any doubts, post your questions in the box below.
- “Effect of birth control pills..”, Cochrane
- “Hormonal Treatment of Acne in Women”, The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
- “Acne Vulgaris..”, Indian Journal of Dermatology
- “Over-the-counter Acne Treatments”, The The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
- “The efficacy of 5% topical..”, Indian Journal Of Dermatology, Venereology, Leprology
- “Green Tea and Other Tea Polyphenols..”, Antioxidants
- “The relationship of diet and acne”, DermatoEndocrinology
- “Differences in Dietary Glycemic..”, Journal Of The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
- “Acne: prevalence and relationship..” Journal of European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
- “ Milk Consumption..”, Dermatology Online Journal
- “High intake of milk..”, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
- “Dietary intervention in acne..”, DermatoEndocrinology
- “Acne..”, Journal of European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
- “Dark Chocolate..”, International Journal of Dermatology
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