All That You Need To Know About Preventing Scars

Written by Arshiya Syeda

Every scar has a story to tell – whether they are your skinned knees, accidental falls, or surgical marks. While the wounds may heal, the scars tend to linger. But wouldn’t you wish the scars to just fade away?

It may not be possible to prevent every kitchen mishap or accident. But you can avoid the formation of scars or even reduce their intensity. What can you do to prevent scarring? Keep reading to know.

What Is A Scar?

A scar is a mark that stays behind on the skin after an injury or a wound has healed. Scar formation is an inevitable part of the tissue repair process that heals the skin (1).

Scars form due to burns, cuts, scratches, or sores. Your skin may also be scarred due to surgical incisions, skin conditions such as acne, or other infections such as chickenpox.

Not all scars are equal. Your scar intensity depends on various factors. The most prominent of those are:

  • The size and depth of your wound (2)
  • The place where you have the wound (2)
  • The time your skin takes to heal (2)
  • How likely (genetically) are you to scar (2)
  • The age at which you get the scar (2)

Scars formed on your skin often fade over time. But they seldom disappear completely (1), (2).

Types Of Scars

You may develop different types of scars depending on how your skin reacts to a particular injury and how it heals. Some prominent types of scars include:

  • Normal Fine-Line Scars

Normal fine-line scars form when your skin suffers from a small cut or a minor injury. Such a wound usually leaves behind a raised line that slowly becomes smooth and fades over time. But it does not vanish entirely, and may stay on as a visible mark on the skin. While the scar may not be painful, it may itch a little for a few months.

  • Keloid Scars

Keloid scars form due to an overgrowth of tissue. They occur when collagen is produced in excessive amounts at the injury spot. The scars tend to grow even when the wound has healed. Such a scar protrudes and extends beyond the original spot of the injury. It can be painful or itchy, and can even limit your movement if it appears near a joint (1).

  • Hypertrophic Scars

Hypertrophic scars are similar to keloid scars and are formed due to the excess collagen formation at the injury site. However, unlike keloid scars, hypertrophic scars do not extend beyond the original spot of the injury. These scars remain raised above the skin but gradually improve over time (1).

  • Pitted Or Sunken Scars

Scars sometimes form due to undesirable skin conditions or infections, such as acne or chickenpox. These skin conditions often leave behind pitted or sunken scars. These are also known as ice-pick scars. They form when an injury results in the loss of the underlying fat in the skin layers (3).

  • Contracture Scars

Contracture scars usually form due to burn injuries. These scars cause the skin to shrink or tighten and may restrict movement (1).

It is possible to reduce the risk of scars or even prevent them to some extent. We will discuss this further in the next section.

How To Prevent Scarring

Your skin tissues suffer damage when your skin is injured. This injury causes collagen to get released to help the tissues heal. This build-up of collagen at the injury site causes a scar to form. This collagen may break down at the injury site with time, causing the scar to become a little smooth.

Scar formation is a natural process to heal the skin. Hence, there is no way to prevent it if your skin suffers an injury. However, you can minimize the trauma to the skin and limit the chances of scar development. Here are ways to achieve the same:

  • Avoid Wounds And Injuries

Take care to avoid wounds or injuries that can result in scars. You can start wearing gloves when working in the kitchen or proper safety gear when you are physically active (like elbow pads or knee pads). These preventive measures can protect you from getting injured in the first place.

  • Treat Injuries Without Delay

Perform the basic first aid immediately if you suffer from an injury or cut. This will help address the wound and minimize the trauma to the skin. However, if the injury is severe, consult a doctor and seek medical attention as fast as possible.

  • Clean The Injury Site  

Clean the site of injury as soon as you get hurt. You can use plain water and mild soap to remove the bacterial build-up at the injury site and prevent infection.

  • Apply Moisturizer

Apply moisturizer to the wound to improve the signs of scar formation. Research proves that moisturizers may help improve the signs and symptoms of scars (4).

  • Apply A Layer Of Petroleum Jelly

Applying plain petroleum jelly can help keep the injury site moist. It also may reduce the chances of scab formation and promote skin healing (5).

  • Cover The Injury And Change Bandage Daily

Cover the injury with the help of a non-stick dressing. Avoid using gauze on the wound. Dressing the wound will help you minimize the chances of infections or re-injury. Also, make it a point to change the bandage every day. This can help keep your wound clean and monitor its progress.

  • Minimize Movement

Movement at the injury site may agitate the wound and lead to a thicker scar. Hence, minimize movement as much as possible.

  • Avoid Picking At The Scabs

Resist any tendency to pick at the scabs. Picking at the scabs would only delay the healing process. You may even irritate the wound and cause it to bleed or result in an infection.

The following pointers can further help reduce the chances of scarring.

Dos And Don’ts Of Scar Prevention

  • Get Stitches If Required

Get any deep cuts immediately stitched by a doctor. This will help accelerate the healing process. But remember to reach out to your doctor as fast as possible after the injury. Any delay may cause germs and infections to form at the wound site.

  • Stay Away From False Promises Of Scar Creams

Several cosmetic creams claim to reduce scars and make them disappear completely. Please be wary of such creams unless your doctor prescribes them. Most of those products are mere marketing gimmicks.

  • Massage The Wound

Although not proven, vitamin E is believed to make your scar less visible. However, if your skin starts to itch or turn red, stop using it immediately.

  • Avoid Scratching Or Picking At The Scar

Do not attempt to scratch or pick at the scar. Allow it to heal naturally. Picking at or scratching the scar can delay the process of healing.

  • Avoid Friction At The Scar Area

Always ensure the injured area does not suffer any friction. For instance, wear loose clothes around that area. Restricting movement may also help.

  • Have A Well-Balanced Diet

Eat foods rich in protein, minerals, and vitamins. These include green leafy vegetables, milk, and yogurt. They help skin heal better.

  • Avoid Smoking

Smoking can hamper and delay the healing process. Avoid smoking to allow faster healing.

  • Do Not Expose Your Scar To Sunlight

Your scar would be sensitive to the intense rays of the sun. Hence, avoid sun exposure. Remember to apply a strong sunblock cream liberally to the scarred area before stepping out into the sun. Reapply the sunblock cream if you stay out for long.

Skin injuries involving scars take time to heal. Some scars may take more than 2 years to fade and settle down. So, have patience and allow your scar to heal naturally.

In Conclusion

Scar formation is a part of the natural healing process of the skin. While you can’t prevent scar formation, you can take steps to avoid circumstances that lead to injuries and wounds.

You can follow certain measures to heal injuries faster and reduce the intensity of scars. A little care and effort from your end can go a long way. Consult your doctor for more information in this regard.

Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions

Why do scars turn dark?

Scars turn dark due to hyperpigmentation that occurs as a result of excess melanin production. Hyperpigmentation that causes your scar to turn brown may symbolize permanent change.

Does exfoliating a scar help it fade?

Exfoliating a scar may help it fade and look less noticeable. But this process may not make the scar disappear completely. Consult your doctor before you exfoliate any of your scars.

Sources

Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Read our editorial policy to learn more.

  1. Skin scarring
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1125033/
  2. Scars
    https://medlineplus.gov/scars.html
  3. Atrophic Acne Scarring
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC4295858/
  4. A review of the effects of moisturizers on the appearance of scars and striae
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1468-2494.2012.00751.x
  5. Update on Postsurgical Scar Management
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC4961501/

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Arshiya Syeda is an editor and certified counselor. Ever the lover of the written word, she served on the editorial boards of her school and college newsletters. Writing articles on hairstyles, hair care, and nutrition helped her combine her love for reading, writing, and research. As an editor, she helps her team members deliver polished and meticulously researched content. Arshiya is fluent in English, Urdu, and Hindi and aims to become a multilinguist by learning German and teaching herself American Sign Language (ASL).