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Molluscum Contagiosum – Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Molluscum Contagiosum – Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment May 1, 2018

You have angry-looking bumps on your skin, and you thought they were nothing but zits. However, they are persistent and refuse to heal, and you begin to wonder if there is something else causing this condition. Well, yes. Those firm, tiny, and pus-filled lesions may also be water warts (also referred to as Molluscum contagiosum), a viral skin infection. Would you like to know how you can get rid of this condition? Read on to find out.

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What Is Molluscum Contagiosum (Water Warts)?

This is a viral skin infection caused by the molluscum contagiosum virus, which results in raised bumps on the outer layers of the skin. It is also referred to as water warts.

These bumps are painless and rarely leave scars behind, even when left untreated, and might take months or years to disappear.

The lesions usually go through three stages. In the first stage,  white or skin colored bumps are formed. Then, these bumps are enlarged and filled with pus in a few weeks. Finally, they may burst and develop into sores that have a high probability of becoming infected.

Let’s not look at the causes of this condition.

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What Causes Molluscum Contagiosum?

The main cause is the Molluscum Contagiosum virus, as already discussed. This virus belongs to the pox virus family and is highly contagious. The condition is more common in children and is spread by direct contact. On scratching or rubbing, molluscum contagiosum can spread to different body parts of the same individual.

In adults, it is mostly spread by sexual contact and may also occur in individuals with poor immunity.

Let’s now take a look at the symptoms of this infection.

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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Molluscum Contagiosum?

This condition mainly results in the formation of a group of small and painless lesions, which appear alone or even in small patches of 20 or so. The bumps are usually:

  • tiny and shiny
  • pink or skin-colored
  • a firm with a dent in the middle
  • filled with a waxy material
  • 2 to 5 mm in diameter
  • present on the face, torso, arms, legs, or even on the inner thighs or genitals

In some cases, you may not realize that you have contracted molluscum contagiosum for up to 6 months. This is mainly due to the lack of any obvious symptoms in the initial stages of this infection. If you are wondering how to get rid of these lesions at the earliest, here are some great remedies that can help you.

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Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Molluscum Contagiosum

  1. Tea Tree Essential Oil
  2. Apple Cider Vinegar
  3. Vitamins
  4. Coconut Oil
  5. Epsom Salt Bath
  6. Garlic
  7. Grapefruit Seed Extract
  8. Honey
  9. Wheatgrass
  10. Aloe Vera
  11. Clove Essential Oil
  12. Lemon Juice

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How To Treat Molluscum Contagiosum Naturally

1. Tea Tree Essential Oil

Molluscum Contagiosum - Tea Tree Essential Oil Pinit

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You Will Need
  • Tea tree oil
  • Cotton swabs
  • Carrier oil like coconut or olive oil (optional)
What You Have To Do
  1. Take a cotton swab, dip it in some tea tree oil and
  2. apply it to all the lesions.
  3. You can also combine tea tree oil with some iodine. However, do a patch test first to look for signs of irritation.
  4. If you have sensitive skin, mix tea tree oil with a carrier oil of your choice before applying it.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this twice daily.

Why This Works

Tea tree essential oil possesses excellent antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that help the lesions heal faster and prevent spreading of the infection (1), (2).

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2. Apple Cider Vinegar

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You Will Need
  • A small bowl of diluted apple cider vinegar
  • Cotton swabs
What You Have To Do
  1. Dip a cotton swab in diluted apple cider vinegar and apply it directly to all the bumps.
  2. Allow it to dry.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 2 to 4 times a day.

Why This Works

Apple cider vinegar is a natural antiseptic and can help prevent the spread of infection. It also has anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties, which make it one of the best options to treat molluscum contagiosum (3), (4).

Caution

You may want to do a patch test before going ahead with this remedy as it may sometimes result in skin burns.

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3. Vitamins

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Vitamins (or vitamin oil) can help treat molluscum contagiosum. Vitamin A and vitamin E-based oils or ointments are often used to improve skin health (5), (6). You can also combine these oils with fish oil to get rid of those ugly papules faster.

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4. Coconut Oil

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You Will Need
  • Coconut oil
  • Cotton swabs (optional)
What You Have To Do
  1. Take a little coconut oil on clean fingertips and apply it directly to the bumps on your skin.
  2. You can also use cotton swabs for the application.
How Often You Should Do This

Apply coconut oil to the affected area 2 to 3 times daily.

Why This Works

Coconut oil is a rich source of fatty acids that help in retaining moisture in your skin. It also has anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties and can aid faster healing and prevent the development of fungal infections in the affected areas (7), (8), (9).

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[ Read: 25 Amazing Benefits Of Coconut Oil For Skin And Health ]

5. Epsom Salt

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You Will Need
  • 1 cup of Epsom salt
  • Bathwater
What You Have To Do
  1. Add a cup of Epsom salt to your bathwater.
  2. Soak in the bath for 20 to 30 minutes.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this daily until you see an improvement.

Why This Works

The high magnesium content in Epsom salt helps relieve inflammation and this, in turn, can speed up the healing of the lesions (10).

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6. Garlic

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You Will Need
  • 5-6 garlic cloves
  • Bandages
What You Have To Do
  1. Mince some garlic cloves and apply it to the affected areas.
  2. Cover with bandages and leave it on for about 30 minutes.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this 2 to 3 times daily.

Why This Works

Garlic has anti-inflammatory properties that can help with the healing of the lesions (11). It also has antimicrobial properties that protect your skin from infection (12).

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7. Grapefruit Seed Extract

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You Will Need
  • 2 teaspoons of grapefruit seed extract
  • 1 tablespoon of water
  • Cotton balls
What You Have To Do
  1. Add two teaspoons of grapefruit seed extract to a tablespoon of water and mix well.
  2. Dip a cotton ball in this solution and apply it to the affected areas.
  3. Leave it on for 20 minutes and rinse it off with lukewarm water.
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 1 to 2 times a day for a few weeks.

Why This Works

Grapefruit seed extract can also help in treating molluscum contagiosum. This is mainly because of its antiviral and antimicrobial properties that help your skin heal faster and protect it from further microbial infection (13), (14).

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8. Honey

Molluscum Contagiosum - Honey Pinit

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You Will Need
  • Raw or manuka honey
  • Bandages
What You Have To Do
  1. Apply honey to all the lesions.
  2. Cover them with band-aids or a sanitary gauze.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this 1 to 2 times daily.

Why This Works

Honey has been used for ages for its amazing healing properties. It is an exceptional remedy for various skin ailments and helps treat molluscum contagiosum with its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties (15), (16), (17).

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[ Read: 34 Incredible Benefits Of Honey For Skin, Hair, And Health ]

9. Wheatgrass Juice

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You Will Need

1/4 cup of wheatgrass juice

What You Have To Do
  1. Consume one-fourth cup of wheatgrass juice daily.
  2. You can also mix this juice with some honey or fruit juice if the taste is too strong for your liking.
How Often You Should Do This

Drink wheatgrass juice once daily.

Why This Works

A small amount of wheatgrass juice helps your body meet the RDI (Reference Daily Intake) of most nutrients. The juice combats inflammation and also helps in improving the functioning of your immune system, thus helping you to recover faster from the infection (18), (19).

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10. Aloe Vera

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You Will Need

Aloe vera gel

What You Have To Do
  1. Take some aloe vera gel and apply it to the lesions.
  2. Leave it on for 25 to 30 minutes.
  3. Wash it off with lukewarm water.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this daily for at least 2 weeks.

Why This Works

Aloe vera is one of the best natural remedies for treating molluscum contagiosum due to its healing and anti-inflammatory properties (20), (21).

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11. Clove Essential Oil

Molluscum Contagiosum - Clove Essential Oil Pinit

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You Will Need
  • 1-2 teaspoons of clove oil
  • 1 tablespoon of coconut oil
  • Cotton swabs
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix two teaspoons of clove oil with a tablespoon of coconut oil.
  2. Dip a clean cotton swab into this mixture and apply it to all the lesions.
  3. For more effective results, you can cover the treated skin with a duct tape.
  4. Leave this on for 25 to 30 minutes and then wash it off with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this 1 to 2 times daily.

Why This Works

Clove essential oil exhibits powerful antimicrobial properties that protect the lesions from further infection (22). It also has anti-inflammatory properties that help relieve inflammation and swelling in the affected area (23).

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12. Lemon Juice

Molluscum Contagiosum - Lemon Juice Pinit

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You Will Need
  • Freshly squeezed lemon juice
  • Cotton swabs
What You Have To Do
  1. Take a lemon and cut it in half.
  2. Squeeze out its juice and apply it to the affected areas with a cotton swab.
  3. Leave it on for 30 minutes to 1 hour, after which you can wash it off with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You must do this twice daily for at least a week.

Why This Works

Lemon is quite beneficial in the treatment of various skin disorders. Its antibacterial nature protects your skin from bacterial infections, and its anti-inflammatory properties speed up the healing of the lesions on your skin (24), (25).

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These remedies will help you get rid of molluscum contagiosum naturally, But, what do you do if these lesions pop?

What To Do If The Molluscum Lesion Pops?

Sometimes, the molluscum might pop, releasing a white gooey substance from within. In such a scenario, take proper care to ensure that this substance does not come in contact with other parts of your body as it might lead to spreading of the infection. Keep the following tips in mind while dealing with a popped molluscum lesion:

  • Wipe away the residue from the bump with alcohol.
  • Wipe the popped molluscum with hydrogen peroxide.
  • Dispose of the wipes that have come in contact with the lesion.
  • Cover the popped bump with a bandage.
  • Repeat this for all the bumps that have happened to pop.

You also need to take the precautions listed below to prevent the spread of the infection.

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Prevention Tips

  • Always wash your hands.
  • Do not scratch or rub on the lesions.s
  • Keep the lesions covered with gauze or bandage.
  • Use duct tape occlusion therapy (DTOT) to speed up the healing of the warts.
  • Do not share your towels or clothes.
  • Avoid swimming.
  • Avoid sexual activities, especially if you have these lesions near the genital area.
  • Use an antimicrobial soap like Octenisan.
  • Consume a lot of fiber-rich foods like lentils, beans, sprouts, and broccoli.
  • Drink fiber-rich juices like apple, banana, strawberry, and raspberry juice.

Following these tips and remedies will help you combat this contagious skin infection. If you are aware of any other remedies that will help treat this condition, do let us know by commenting below.

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Expert’s Answers for Readers Questions

How long does it take for molluscum to clear up?

Molluscum usually clears up in 2 to 3 months. But when new ones start appearing, it may take longer, say 6 to 18 months, or even 4 years for it to clear up completely.

How does molluscum contagiosum spread?

Molluscum contagiosum is mostly spread by direct skin-to-skin contact. Also, using the clothes, bedding, or towels of infected individuals can cause it to spread easily.

What are the risks of having molluscum contagiosum?

The major risk associated with molluscum contagiosum is scarring of your skin when it is scratched or scraped. The other risk that comes with this infection is your chance of developing secondary bacterial or fungal skin infections that can worsen your condition. Immunocompromised individuals, like those with HIV/AIDS, are more prone to developing secondary infections.

Is molluscum a sexually transmitted disease?

Molluscum contagiosum can also be transmitted by sexual contact with an infected individual and is hence a sexually transmitted disease as well.

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