Okra: Health Benefits, Nutrition, Recipes, And Side Effects
Try out interesting ways to add the low-calorie veggie to your diet and give your health a boost.
Okra is a popular vegetable used in many cuisines worldwide. The health benefits of okra are well researched, and this vegetable is loaded with many nutrients, vitamins, and essential minerals. Okra is also known as lady’s fingers and is loaded with dietary fiber. It is cooked in different ways and can be consumed fried, pickled, blanched, raw, and is often used in soups. Read this article to know more about okra, how to incorporate this vegetable in your diet, the health benefits it offers, and possible side effects. Scroll down.
In This Article
Nutrition Profile Of Okra
Okra is considered to be one of the best vegetables that you can eat due to its robust and rich nutrition profile. It is packed with vitamins such as vitamin c and B6, minerals, and is rich in antioxidants. It is also known to be a rich source of fiber that is essential for digestion and maintaining your digestive system (1).
Nutritional Values Of Okra Per 1 cup 100g (2)
It’s incredible that this simple vegetable is packed with so many nutrients! In the next section, let us explore the different forms of okra.
What Are The Different Types Of Okra?
Did you know that there are different varieties of okra? Some of these varieties can grow up to 14 inches long. For instance, the cow horn variant of okra has a pod that is 14 inches long. Another variety of okra called the emerald was developed by the famous Campbell’s Soup Company as they tasted brilliant when added to soups.
Some okra varieties produce red and burgundy color pods that are great for making pickles. The burgundy okra adds a nice touch of color to your dishes and is excellent for use in soups and making gumbo. Similarly, the hill country red okra is ideal for making pickles.
There are so many varieties of okra that come in different colors, and sizes, each one more amazing than the other. Now let us look at some of the health benefits of okra.
Top 5 Potential Health Benefits Of Okra
Okra is an extremely healthy vegetable that can be eaten raw, fried, baked, or dried. The okra seed oil is a rich source of linoleic acid that is essential for your nutrition. It is a powerhouse of nutrients like pectin and insoluble fiber and is also abundant in antioxidants that are good for your health (1). Let us look at the top 5 potential health benefits of okra.
1. May Help In Lowering Risk Of Heart Diseases
Okra secretes a substance called mucilage. During digestion, it binds itself to cholesterol and prevents it from being absorbed into the bloodstream and, and flushes it out as excrement. This helps in reducing cholesterol levels and the risk of cardiovascular issues (1).
Okra in powdered form also helps in reducing cardiovascular risks. A study divided mice into three groups, and they were fed a high-fat diet containing 1% or 2% okra powder and one group did not have okra powder in their diet. It revealed that the mice who had okra powder in their diet, had lesser amounts of cholesterol in their blood when compared to the other group. Okra also contains polyphenols that are known to reduce inflammatory markers that are linked to cardiovascular issues (3), (4).
2. May Help In Lowering Blood Sugar Levels
People with high blood sugar levels may often have diabetes. Okra helps in reducing blood sugar levels as studies on mice reveal that okra seed and okra peel has a hypoglycemici XA condition that causes low blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body, leading to symptoms like heart palpitations and dizziness. effect (5).
However, a study on rats revealed some of the compounds present in okra may interfere in the absorption of metformin, a common medication given to diabetes patients (6). If you are diabetic you should consult with your doctor with regards to eating okra.
3. May Contain Anti-cancer Properties
Okra contains a protein called lectin that may prevent the growth of cancer cells.
A test-tube study conducted on rats to ascertain lectin’s cancer inhibitory properties revealed 63% less growth in the cancer cells(7). Another test-tube study on rats revealed that okra extract killed cancer cells (8).
However, all of these tests were conducted on rats and used concentrated okra extracts. Further research on humans is required to substantiate the effectiveness of okra in fighting cancer.
4. May Help Reduce Stress And Its Side Effects
Okra seeds contain an anti-stress agent called adaptogen that helps relieve stress. A study conducted on rats revealed that blood glucose, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels lowered when they were fed okra extracts. These levels generally rise when you are in a stressful situation (9).
5. May Help During Pregnancy
Okra is rich in vitamin B9, otherwise known as folate, which is essential for pregnant women. According to the CDC, it is recommended that pregnant women get 400mg of folic acid every day. The folate in okra helps in preventing miscarriages and supports the formation of neural tubes of the fetus. It also helps in preventing birth defects like spina bifidai XA common birth defect in a developing baby that hinders proper development of the spine and spinal cord. and can help prevent constipation during pregnancy (10), (11).
The okra is indeed a power-packed vegetable with numerous potential health benefits. Now let us look at some of the possible side effects of okra.
Side Effects And Risks Of Okra
Okra is a safe and healthy vegetable that can be consumed without risks. However, there are a few side effects of okra.
In some cases, eating too much okra can result in diarrhea, gas, and cramps due to the presence of fructans (a polymer of fructose molecules) (12). Another side effect of okra is that it may interfere with diabetes medication and blood thinners (6).
In the next section, you’ll find out how to add okra to your diet.
How To Add Okra To Your Diet
Adding okra to your diet is easy; you can add it to your favorite stew, eat it as a pickle, or can deep fry it, seasoned with salt and pepper, or any other seasoning of your choice, and eat it like chips. The possibilities are endless and are left to your creativity and imagination. Feel free to cook and experiment with okra in your kitchen.
For more reference let us look at a few simple recipes that you can try.
Popular Recipes Using Okra
Here is a quick and easy recipe for okra roast.
- 450g fresh whole okra pods chopped
- 1 medium-sized onion finely chopped
- 1 cup tomato puree
- 2 tablespoons of olive oil
- 1 teaspoon mustard seeds
- 1 tablespoon coriander powder
- 1 teaspoon chili powder
- 1 teaspoon white wine vinegar
- ¼ cup of water
- salt and pepper according to taste
- Start by washing the okra and pat drying it with a towel. Once dry, chop the stem end of the okra and set it aside.
- In a pan, heat up olive oil, add chopped onion, mustard seeds, coriander powder, chili powder, and cook till onions are translucent.
- Add 1 cup of tomato puree and salt as per your taste and stir fry for 2 minutes.
- Now add the chopped okra pods, vinegar, and water.
- Cover the lid and cook for 5-8 minutes on simmer.
- Add pepper powder if you want to give it some spice and heat.
- Garnish with some coriander leaves and enjoy it hot and fresh.
- It is better that you use fresh okra rather than the frozen version.
- You can chop up 2 tomatoes and use them instead if you don’t have tomato puree.
- If you do not want your roast to be slimy, avoid chopping or slicing the okra pod.
Another easy okra recipe that you can try is fat-free okra chips.
- 250g okra slit lengthwise and cut into 1-inch pieces (wash before cutting)
- ¼ teaspoon turmeric powder
- 1 teaspoon paprika powder
- salt as per taste
- ½ tablespoon chickpea flour
- ½ tablespoon all-purpose flour
- 1-2 tablespoons of olive oil
- In a bowl add okra and sprinkle it with some oil so that the seasoning sticks to it.
- Add all the ingredients and mix well. Ensure all pieces are coated with the seasoning.
- Preheat the oven to 450℉. Once it is heated, in a baking tray sprinkle some oil and spread the seasoned okra.
- Place the tray in the oven and bake for 5 minutes. Check if it is cooked. The okra must feel dry to touch.
- Repeat this process till the okra is cooked. Keep checking frequently to ensure it doesn’t burn.
- Serve with a dip of your choice or eat as is.
Weren’t they quick and easy-to-make recipes? Make sure you try this and cook it for your friends and family.
The benefits of okra can be attributed to its phenomenal nutrients. Eating it regularly can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseasesi XAn umbrella term for heart conditions that include diseases like high blood pressure, damaged blood vessels and blood clotting. and lower your blood sugar levels. It also has anti-cancer properties and can relieve stress. In addition, okra has decent amounts of folate, which is beneficial during pregnancy. Although the consumption of okra is generally safe, it may trigger negative effects in some people. Gas, diarrhea, and cramps are a few of its side effects. Okra may also interfere with diabetes medications. Hence, caution is advised. Include it in your diet in moderate amounts to reap its benefits!
Frequently Asked Questions
Is okra a superfood?
Yes, okra is considered a superfood in many parts of the world, given its rich nutrient content and significant health benefits.
Does okra detox your body?
As per studies, the phytochemicals in okra may help in cholesterol breakdown and liver detoxification (14).
Is okra good for weight loss?
Okra polysaccharides have been shown to aid weight reduction. In addition, other formulations containing okra powder have also been shown to benefit weight management (14).
Is okra good for skin?
The polyphenols and carotene in okra are responsible for their beneficial effects on skin health (14).
Can okra remove wrinkles?
Okra is rich in antioxidants and vitamins A and C, which can be beneficial in reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Is okra good for menstruation?
Yes, okra is a rich source of vitamin K, which can help control heavy menstrual bleeding (15).
Can okra help to conceive?
The vitamin C and folate content in okra can promote healthy pregnancy and fetal development (15).
- Okra reduces stress, lowers the risk of cancer and heart diseases, and is a rich source of folate, which is great for pregnant women.
- You can make tasty roasted okra for lunch or snack on some fat-free okra chips.
- People who are sensitive to okra may experience diarrhea and gas after eating it.
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- Nutritional Quality and Health Benefits of “Okra” (Abelmoschus esculentus): A Review
- Hypolipidemic Activity of Okra Is Mediated Through Inhibition of Lipogenesis and Upregulation of Cholesterol Degradation
- Antioxidative Activities and Phenolic Content of Extracts from Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.)
- A review on Diabetes and Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)
- Water-soluble Fraction of Abelmoschus esculentus L Interacts with Glucose and Metformin Hydrochloride and Alters Their Absorption Kinetics after Coadministration in Rats
- Lectin of Abelmoschus Esculentus (okra) Promotes Selective Antitumor Effects in Human Breast Cancer Cells
- Antiproliferative and Proapoptotic Actions of Okra Pectin on B16F10 Melanoma Cells
- Phytochemical Analysis Antioxidant Antistress and Nootropic Activities of Aqueous and Methanolic Seed Extracts of Ladies Finger (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) in Mice
- Recommendations: Women and Folic Acid
- Review Okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus) as a Potential Dietary Medicine with Nutraceutical Importance for Sustainable Health Applications
- Dietary Fructose Intolerance Fructan Intolerance and FODMAPs
- ‘Okra’ Hibiscus Esculentus L.: A study of its Hepatoprotective Activity
- Okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus) as a Potential Dietary Medicine with Nutraceutical Importance for Sustainable Health Applications – PMC
- Nutritional Quality and Health Benefits of Okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus): A Review