6 Benefits Of Propanediol For Skin | How To Use & Side Effects
Get your facts right before you use this moisturizing ingredient in your skin care routine.
The beauty industry has started using propanediol for skin care. But, what is this new ingredient? Propanediol offers several skin benefits, including moisturization and cleansing. It is used in many skin care products such as lotions, serums, toners, and cleansers for its safe and wonderful properties that leave your skin glowing and radiant. In this article, we will dispel any misconceptions you might have about this ingredient and show you how to reap its many advantages. Keep reading!
In This Article
Propanediol: What Is It And Is It Safe In Skin Care?
Propanediol is a colorless and thick glycol liquid extracted from corn glucose or corn sugar. It is widely incorporated as an ingredient in skin care products. It is most likely used in lotions, toners, cleansers, and other skin care products. Propanediol is proven to be a safer alternative to propylene glycol (another ingredient used in skin care).
Propylene glycol is controversial for its toxic chemical composition. Though rare, it may cause skin irritation and increase the risk of certain cancers (1). Propanediol shares the same chemical formula and effectiveness as propylene glycol, but is known to be a much safer alternative.
Propanediol works wonderfully on your skin when used in moderate amounts. It helps retain skin moisture and penetrates into the skin easily. It also softens skin.
Propanediol is recognized as a safe ingredient that can be applied to your skin. In fact, it is also safe for use in food products (2). In most cases, propanediol has not shown any signs of skin irritation, allergic reactions, or skin sensitivity. Moreover, it comes from a natural source of ingredients and is safer than propylene glycol.
In the following section, we will further explore the benefits of propanediol for the skin.
Benefits Of Propanediol For Skin Care
Propanediol is widely used in the skin care and cosmetic industry for its effectiveness and added benefits. Here is how it can benefit your skin.
1. Acts As A Great Emollient
Propanediol is known for its ability to soothe, soften, and enrich skin. This natural emollient works as a protective skin barrier and helps reduce water loss by increasing skin hydration levels. Hence, you will find propanediol in lotions and moisturizers for its smoothing and soothing properties.
2. May Work As An Excellent Solvent
Propanediol may help break down stubborn and hard ingredients like salicylic acid or ascorbic acid and promote better absorption. It is for this reason used in many cosmetic compositions (3).
3. May Have Anti-Aging Properties
With age, the natural humectants like amino acids, lactates, sugar, and salts that help maintain skin hydration levels become less efficacious. This can lead to signs of aging, including wrinkles and dry skin. Propanediol can be used as an antiaging agent as its hydrating properties can help increase skin hydration levels (4).
4. May Promote Product Absorption
Propanediol, in combination with chemical penetration enhancers, can help the necessary ingredients reach deep within the skin. Propanediol also acts as an excellent solvent and helps dissolve active ingredients, like salicylic acid and ferulic acid, to further enhance skin health.
5. Has Preservative Properties
Propanediol is a natural preservative. It helps combat issues like decomposition and chemical changes in a product. Hence, it is used in many skin care products to retain their freshness.
6. May Enhance Texture Of Skin Care Products
Propanediol may help enhance the texture and consistency of various skin care products. Due to its easily dissolvable, preservation-friendly, and soothing properties, it is added to various skin care products to increase their foamability and texture. This ingredient also reduces the stickiness, consistency, and viscosity of the product to enable it to be applied easily.
How Does It Appear On The Ingredients Lists?
Propanediol can be easily spotted at the back of lotion bottles, moisturizers, serums, cleansers, and toners. It can be found as any of the following terms:
- trimethylene glycol
- methyl propanediol
- 1,3-dihydroxy propane
While propanediol has advantages in skin care, it may also have certain adverse effects.
Does It Have Any Side Effects?
Although propanediol is recognized as a safe ingredient for use on skin, it may not suit certain individuals or those allergic to the ingredient. This would usually manifest as skin irritation.
Low and moderate concentrations of propanediol have not caused any harm to anyone. Talk to your dermatologist for the ideal dosage.
Who Should Use It?
Propanediol can be prescribed to people who fall under the below criteria:
- Propanediol can do wonders for people with acne-prone skin. Its deep cleansing properties help remove the excess oil and dirt on your face and keep pores from getting clogged.
- People who are not sensitive to the composition should use propanediol-infused skincare products. Perform a patch test to know if you are sensitive to the ingredient.
How To Use It?
Propanediol is combined with different ingredients and skin formulas – and no one specific method or application is followed to use propanediol. The usage and application entirely depend on the product, as it is widely used in many skin care products like toners, cleansers, moisturizers, serums, etc. Hence, consult your dermatologist before using any such products.
How Often Can We Use It?
Propanediol can be a part of your everyday skin routine. However, those with sensitive skin are suggested to speak to their dermatologist before using it.
Works Well With
Propanediol is used in a variety of skin care products. It is also used in combination with various other skin care ingredients. While there is no one specific combination that works exceptionally well, certain combinations seem to help heal and soothe the skin.
Propanediol is seen in combination with witch hazel, salicylic acid, AHAsi XShort for alpha-hydroxy acids, a group of acids derived from plants and animals that help exfoliate the skin and even out the skin tone. , sodium hyaluronatei XA salt form of hyaluronic acid that helps moisturize the skin, reduce signs of aging, and heal wounds. , antioxidants, peptides, bioflavonoidsi XCompounds found in plants that help boost the immune system and improve blood circulation and heart health. , tea-tree oil, and ascorbic acid. These are seen in a multitude of toners, serums, lotions, moisturizers, and cleansers.
Infographic: What Is Propanediol Used In?
Propanediol is a versatile solvent that can be found in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products. This chemical acts as an emollient, preservative, skin softener, moisturizer, and solvent. Although it is deemed safe for use on the skin, it should be used with caution because it can cause allergic reactions. Propanediol can be found in the products listed in the infographic below. Check it out!
Hence, we can safely conclude that it works well with most ingredients.
- Propanediol has emollient, anti-aging, solvent, and preservative properties that enhance product absorption and texture.
- It suits acne-prone skin as it removes excess oil, cleanses the skin, and prevents the pores from clogging.
- However, it may also cause skin irritation or an allergic reaction.
Propanediol is a widely used ingredient in the skin care industry. It works well on your skin and offers several benefits. You can use propanediol for skin in the form of lotions, moisturizers, serums, toners, and cleansers. This ingredient with anti-aging properties increases skin hydration levels, improves product absorption, and enhances the texture of skin care products. Though considered safe on the skin, you must be careful while using it as it may cause allergic reactions. Hence, it is best to use it moderately or talk to your doctor for the right dosage.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is propanediol cancerous?
No, propanediol (chemically known as 1,3-propanediol) is considered safe in cosmetic applications. It is commonly confused with propylene glycol (1,2-propanediol), which has been found to have carcinogenic effectsi XSubstances or agents that can increase the risk of cancer by damaging DNA or changing chemical reactions in the cells. in high concentrations (1).
Is propanediol vegan?
Propandediol is likely vegan friendly as it is primarily derived from corn glucose.
Does propanediol mix with water?
Yes, propanediol is soluble as well as a great solvent. It mixes well with water to form an uniform solution.
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- Toxic chemical composition of Propylene glycol:
- The application of Propanediol:
- Propanediol compound Structure
- Propanediol: International Journal of Aging Research