About 50 million Americans are affected by acne annually and 85% of them (between the ages of 12 and 24 years) experience minor acne (1).
It seems impossible to breeze through our lives without getting acne! You can get acne anywhere on your face. However, chin acne is related to your hormone levels (2). Several other factors regulate breakouts on the chin. In this article, we have discussed everything that you need to know about chin acne and how to treat them.
Table Of Contents
Acne On The Chin: What Does It Mean?
If you are aware of the acne face map, you know that the distribution of acne lesions is regulated by several factors, depending on where you get them. Usually, acne on your chin and jawline is related to your hormone levels (2).
Your endocrine system is responsible for producing hormones. When it produces excess of androgens (a group of hormones), your sebaceous glands become overactive, which causes acne.
Also, during your menstrual cycle, the hormone production in your body increases. Your hormone levels also go haywire when you take progestin-only birth control pills.
A pimple or acne on the chin is very common. However, not all pimples on the chin turn into cystic acne. You get pimples when the dead skin cells, sebum, and dirt clog your pores. Often, bacteria get trapped in the pores, causing inflammation and redness. When the amount of inflammation and bacteria increases, the pimple develops into a whitehead and becomes cystic acne.
Several factors might cause hormonal fluctuations in your body, leading to chin acne.
Chin Acne: The Causes
1. Contraceptive Pills
Birth control pills can help in treating acne. The hormones present in the pills decrease the androgen levels in your body, which, in turn, reduce sebum production and control acne. However, once you stop taking the pills, your androgen levels spike up, and this causes excess sebum production. If you have stopped taking the pill recently and experienced a few breakouts, you know who the culprit is.
2. Psychological Stress
Are you stressed? If yes, you run a risk of developing acne. Stress increases your sebum production and exacerbates your acne (3).
Sleep deprivation can also increase psychological stress and insulin resistance (4). Both of these factors can cause acne. So, try to bring down your stress levels. Practice meditation, exercise, or indulge in an activity that interests you. Also, improve your sleep patterns if you are sleeping for less than 5 hours every day. This might help control your acne.
You might notice pimples popping up in your chin area just two weeks before your periods are due. This is when the production of estrogen and progesterone increases (to prepare the uterus for pregnancy). The increased hormone levels in your body stimulate the sebaceous glands and cause excess oil production.
However, not all bumps that you get on your chin are acne. Sometimes, you might get multiple small pus-filled bumps on your face and your chin. These look red, just like pimples, but they could be due to rosacea.
But if you are sure that it’s acne and want to get rid of it, you can try a few treatment options. But, remember, not all treatment methods work for everyone. If you have mild acne, these treatment methods will help reduce their appearance. However, if you have severe acne, it is better to consult a dermatologist.
How To Treat Chin Acne
1. Wash Your Face With A Mild Cleanser
Go for soap-free cleansers and the ones containing ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and glycolic acid. These ingredients help break down the dead skin cells and dissolve the excess sebum from your face without affecting the pH balance of your skin.
2. Apply Ice On the Area
Wrap ice cubes in a cloth and apply it on the spot for a few minutes (not more than 5 minutes). This helps to reduce inflammation, pain, and redness. Also, remember not to apply too much pressure.
3. Try Over-The-Counter Products
OTC products, such as creams containing benzoyl peroxide (10%), help reduce the inflammation and redness.
Also, avoid touching or popping the acne because that will only intensify the infection. If your acne is stubborn and doesn’t seem to budge, you will need to consult a dermatologist. They might recommend the following treatment options to reduce inflammation and pain:
1. Topical Ointments
The dermatologist may prescribe topical creams and ointments containing salicylic acid, retinoids, and benzoyl peroxide or a few oral antibiotics. These ointments clear the bacteria, reduce excess oil production, and unclog your skin pores.
If you have severe acne, the doctor may also prescribe Accutane or Isotretinoin. However, they will prescribe this option only if all other treatment methods fail.
3. Chemical Peels
Chemical peels often help to reduce the appearance of acne, pimples, and acne scars. They are usually performed by a doctor or a qualified skin care specialist.
4. Laser And Light Therapy
LED light therapy is one of the most popular non-invasive treatment options for acne. It helps to kill the acne-causing bacteria and reduce inflammation. In fact, using blue light treatments is approved by the FDA for mild to moderate acne. Laser therapy is also used for treating mild to moderate acne (pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads).
5. Surgical Extraction
If the cyst or nodule is large and painful, you might need to undergo surgical extraction. A doctor performs this in clinical settings.
It’s not just the physical and psychological factors that contribute to acne. Your lifestyle and dietary habits too have a lot to do with your breakouts.
Chin Acne: Can Changing Your Diet Help Control It?
Though there are no studies to prove that diet causes acne, there are many reasons to believe that it can influence acne (5).
During puberty, your body produces a hormone called the Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 or IGF-1. As per a study, IGF-1 stimulates the sebaceous glands, causing excess sebum production and acne (6). Several foods also increase the levels of IGF-1 in your body.
According to a study, foods that are most likely to increase IGF-1 in your body are:
- Dairy products
- Food with high Glycemic Index (GI) and Glycemic Load (GL) (7).
Usually, processed foods tend to have high GI and GL levels. The American Diabetes Association suggests a list of foods with a high GI (8). These are:
- White bread or bagel
- White rice and other rice items, such as rice-based pasta
- Corn flakes
- Puffed rice
- Instant oatmeal and other instant cereals
- Pretzels, snack items such as rice cakes and popcorn
- A few fruits and veggies such as pineapple, melons, potatoes, and pumpkin
- Dairy products such as ice cream, milk, yogurt, and cheese
According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association, avoiding foods with high GI is one of the best ways to prevent acne (9).
On the other hand, several foods can help in improving acne. They include:
- Soybeans and soy products
- Green leafy veggies such as spinach and kale
- Pastured eggs
- Fish such as salmon, sardines, and mackerel
- Flaxseeds and mustard seeds
- Wild rice
- Nuts such as almonds and walnuts
- Navy beans
- Beef (grass-fed)
Merely controlling your diet is not enough. You also need to develop good skin care habits. Here are a few tips you need to follow.
How To Prevent Chin Acne: Essential Skin Care Tips
Avoid switching to new products frequently because they will irritate your skin. If you are undergoing acne treatment or have started following a regimen, give it at least a month to work. Be patient and follow the directions diligently, and you will start noticing a difference in just four weeks.
Hope this article was able to give you a clear idea of chin acne, the lifestyle changes you need to make, and the treatment methods you can use to get rid of it. Let us know your feedback and suggestions in the comments box below.
- “Skin Conditions by the numbers” American Academy of Dermatology.
- “Hormonal treatment of..” Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, US National Library of Medicine.
- “Study of psychological stress..” Acta dermato-venereologica, US National Library of Medicine.
- “Association between Sleep Duration..” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, US National Library of Medicine.
- “The Relation of Diet and Acne” Dermato Endocrinology, US National Library of Medicine.
- “Diet and Dermatology” The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, US National Library of Medicine.
- “Significance of diet..” Advances in Dermatology and Allergology, US National Library of Medicine.
- “Glycemic Index and Diabetes” American Diabetes Association.
- “Growing Evidence suggests..” American Academy of Dermatology Association.
- 7 Easy Ways To Use Olive Oil To Get Rid Of Acne Scars
- 2 Simple Pimple Treatments For Oily Skin
- How Does Aloe Vera Help In Treating Acne/Pimples?
- How To Hide Pimples With Makeup
- 3 Simple Ways To Fight Pimples During Pregnancy
Latest posts by Ramona Sinha (see all)
- What Is Sun Damage? Can It Be Reversed? - July 8, 2019
- 10 Best At-Home Chemical Peels To Try In 2019 - June 28, 2019
- How To Make Lotion At Home: DIY Recipe - June 27, 2019
- Does Smoking Affect Your Skin? What Happens To Your Skin When You Kick The Butt? - June 19, 2019
- 11 Best Essential Oils For Scars - June 18, 2019