Durum wheat (a harder variety of wheat) when ground into a coarse flour gives you semolina. Semolina is used in a variety of cuisines all over the world. Semolina flour is golden in color with a nutty, earthy flavor. Along with its mild taste, it is popular worldwide for its key health benefits for your heart, digestion, and weight loss. In this article, we look into semolina benefits, nutrition facts, possible risks, and a few recipes to get you started.
In This Article
What Is Semolina?
Semolina is flour made from the starchy endosperm of durum wheat kernels. Like most grains, each durum wheat kernel has three main parts— the innermost nutrient-dense germ, the outermost bran, and the middle starchy endosperm.
Durum wheat is mainly grown in East and North Africa, West Asia, the North American great plains, and eastern and Mediterranean Europe. It is one of the hardest varieties of wheat and is mainly used to make coarse semolina flour.
Semolina is most often used to make couscous, pasta, pizza, bread, porridges, and a few popular Indian breakfast dishes. It is considered a healthier option than the usually refined flour. Let’s see what are its key nutrients and how they can be beneficial to us.
Semolina Nutrition Facts
Semolina flour can be available in its natural, unenriched form or enriched with added nutrients by food manufacturers. According to the USDA, 100 g of uncooked, unenriched, and enriched semolina can provide you with the following nutrients (1), (2).
|Energy||360 kcal||360 kcal|
|Total lipid (fat)||1.05 g||1.05 g|
|Carbohydrate||72.8 g||72.8 g|
|Fiber||3.9 g||3.9 g|
|Calcium, Ca||17mg||17 mg|
|Iron, Fe||1.23 mg||4.36 mg|
|Magnesium, Mg||47 mg||47 mg|
|Phosphorus, P||136 mg||136 mg|
|Potassium, K||186 mg||186 mg|
|Sodium, Na||1mg||1 mg|
|Zinc, Zn||1.05 mg||1.05 mg|
|Copper, Cu||0.189 mg||0.189 mg|
|Manganese, Mn||0.619 mg||0.619 mg|
|Vitamin C||0 mg||0 mg|
|Thiamin||0.28 mg||0.811 mg|
|Riboflavin||0.08 mg||0.571 mg|
|Niacin||3.31 mg||5.99 mg|
|Pantothenic acid||0.58 mg||0.58 mg|
|Vitamin B-6||0.103 mg||0.103 mg|
|Folate, total||72 µg||183 µg|
|Folic acid||0 µg||111 µg|
While most nutrient values remain the same, enriched semolina contains higher levels of iron, vitamins, and minerals than the unenriched alternatives (3).
Semolina, with its high protein, vitamin, and mineral content can provide you with certain key health benefits. Let’s see what they are below.
Health Benefits Of Semolina
- May Promote Weight Loss
Semolina is low in calories and has no cholesterol. However, if you plan to include semolina in your weight loss diet plan, then you should opt for whole-wheat semolina to get the benefits of fiber that aid in weight loss. Semolina is high in protein and fiber, both of which slow digestion and increase feelings of fullness between meals (4), (5).
Studies suggest that a fiber-rich diet like semolina might help maintain lower body weight (6),(7). A study on women who took 1g more of dietary fiber each day, reported a loss of 0.25 kg over a period of 20 months (8).
Semolina is also rich in protein with about 13 g of protein per 100 g of serving. A high-protein diet has been shown to be more effective in weight loss when compared to diets with standard protein content (9). It also helps maintain your muscle mass and improve your body composition while you are trying to lose weight (10).
- May Help Support Heart Health
Whole wheat semolina, with its high fiber content, may reduce your risk of heart disease (11). A review of 31 studies found that people with a high intake of fiber may have up to a 24% reduced risk of heart disease (12). Fiber may also support heart health by lowering LDL (bad) cholesterol, blood pressure, and overall inflammation (13), ( 14).
Additionally, enriched semolina is a good source of iron, magnesium, and folate (2). While iron balance is important to maintaining good cardiovascular health, a 100 mg increase in dietary magnesium can help reduce the risks of heart failure and stroke significantly (15), (16). Similarly, a high intake of folate was also associated with a 38% reduced risk of heart disease (17).
- May Improve Blood Sugar Control
Fiber slows down the absorption and breakdown of carbs in your bloodstream. This helps control the blood sugar spikes after a meal. It can also lower fasting blood sugar levels in people who have diabetes already (21).
- May Help Improve Digestive Health
Raw unenriched semolina contains about 4 g of fiber per 100 g of serving. Dietary fiber stimulates the growth of friendly bacteria in your digestive tract. This maintains a healthy balance of gut microbiota and results in optimal digestion, good immunity, and improved metabolism (22), (23).
Additionally, a fiber-rich diet helps add bulk to your digestive waste and promotes regularisation of your bowel movement. This helps ease symptoms of constipation and other digestive health issues. For instance, a two-week study found that people who ate 5 grams of additional whole-grain fiber daily had improvements in constipation and less bloating (24).
While we can see the many health benefits of including semolina in your diet, there are a few associated concerns and risks as well.
Semolina Risks And Concerns
- Not Whole Grain
In the process of making semolina, the outer fiber-rich bran and innermost nutrient-rich germ of the wheat kernels are usually removed. It is just the middle starchy endosperm with few of its proteins and vitamins, that is ground to make semolina. That makes semolina a processed, refined product without the benefits of the whole grain (unless mentioned whole durum wheat on the package).
Regular refined semolina with its high carbohydrate content might not be a good meal option for those at risk for cardiovascular disease or Type 2 diabetes. You can opt for whole grain semolina instead. Studies state that whole grain food products help decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes (25), (26).
If you are at risk of type 2 diabetes or have any cardiovascular concerns, it is better to opt for whole-grain food options in place of semolina. While using semolina, you may look for and use whole-grain semolina.
- Not Gluten-free
Semolina is rich in gluten and starch that makes it a good option for making bread, pasta, and other flour-based bakery products. But, if you have gluten sensitivity or celiac disease, you should stay away from semolina (27). You may choose to use gluten-free options like buckwheat, amaranth, rice flour, or garbanzo beans in recipes that call for semolina.
- Wheat Allergy
As semolina is made from durum wheat, people allergic or sensitive to wheat should avoid having it. Allergic reactions could result in nausea, runny nose, sneezing, asthma, cramps, hives, etc (28). In case you suspect any such symptoms on consuming semolina, you should consult your doctor.
Semolina Recipes For Weight Loss
Semolina is a major component in most durum wheat pasta and can be made into a variety of preparations as per different cuisines. However, there are a few recipes that take advantage of the low calorie and no cholesterol content of semolina, making them favorable diet options for weight loss. Let’s know below how to make a few.
Moroccan Pancakes (Baghrir)
- Water (warm) – 2 ½ cups
- Dry yeast – ½ tablespoon
- Semolina – 1 cup
- All-purpose flour – ½ cup
- Salt – to taste
- Baking powder – ½ tablespoon
- Combine and blend together flour, semolina, water, yeast, and salt.
- Add in the baking powder and pulse again.
- Place this batter mix in a container, cover, and let it rise for about 30 minutes.
- Pour about ½ cup of this fermented batter onto a heated skillet over medium heat.
- Let the batter spread till the edges of the skillet (you may need to add more water if it isn’t the right consistency for that).
- Let it cook for about 2 minutes, till small holes appear all throughout.
- Cool it down a bit and serve with your favorite syrup.
Suji (Semolina) Dhokla
- Semolina (Suji flour) – 1 cup
- Sugar- ½ teaspoon
- Ginger paste- ½ teaspoon
- Green chili paste- ½ teaspoon
- Salt – 1 teaspoon
- Oil – 1 tablespoon
- Sour curd – ½ cup
- Water – ½ cup
- Baking soda – 1 teaspoon
For The Seasoning:
- Mustard seeds – ½ teaspoon
- Curry leaves – 4-5
- Green chillies (slit) – 2-3
- Oil – 1 tablespoon
- Coriander – for garnish
- Coconut (grated) – for garnish
- Mix the semolina (suji), ginger and chili paste, salt, sugar, and oil.
- Beat the curd and add it to the mixture.
- Mix till well-combined. Add in the water and mix until smooth.
- Add in the baking soda and stir gently.
- Pour immediately into a greased tin and place in the steamer.
- Steam for about 20 minutes.
- Remove the tin from the steamer and keep it aside.
- Heat little oil for seasoning and add in the mustard seeds, curry leaves, and green chilies.
- Saute till slightly colored, and add ¼ cup of water.
- Cut the dhokla into square pieces and drizzle the seasoning all over.
- Garnish with the coriander and coconut and serve.
Apart from the above, there are a few other ways you can make the best of semolina in your kitchen.
Uses Of Semolina
Semolina is easily available in most grocery stores in the flour section. Rich in gluten, it is widely used in various types of pasta, bread, and other baked products for its tough and stretchy texture (29). Other than that, you may find semolina handy in the following ways:
- Add a few teaspoons of semolina to your bread dough to give a crusty texture.
- Mix it into a pudding with milk, vanilla extract, and honey.
- Use the semolina in place of regular flour to make your dough recipes crispier.
- You can use it to thicken the consistency of a stew or sauce.
- Sprinkle some over while roasting potatoes or other veggies to make them crunchier.
To Sum Up
Semolina is the coarse, gluten-rich flour derived from the starchy middle layer of the durum wheat kernels. While semolina is essentially a refined flour, it can also be available in whole wheat and enriched versions. With a good amount of protein, vitamins, and important minerals, semolina benefits your heart, digestion, and blood sugar levels. Usually used in pasta, bread, and bakery items, semolina can also be used in other interesting ways to improve the taste and texture of various desserts, snacks, and savories.
Frequently Asked Questions
What can I use instead of semolina?
Rice flour, kamut flour, amaranth flour, and garbanzo flour are good substitutes for semolina.
Which is better – semolina or oats?
Does semolina cause gas?
It may cause gas. Anecdotal evidence suggests that semolina could cause stomach discomfort, gas, constipation, or diarrhea in a few people.
Are polenta and semolina the same?
No. Polenta is derived from corn, while semolina is from wheat.
- Semolina is a coarse flour made from the starchy endosperm of durum wheat kernels.
- It has no cholesterol and is low in calories, making it a healthier option than regular flour.
- Semolina may promote weight loss, reduce the risk of heart disease, and improve blood sugar control.
- However, people who are allergic to wheat should avoid eating it.
Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Read our editorial policy to learn more.
- Semolina, unenriched
- Semolina, enriched
- Overview of Food Fortification in the United States and Canada
- Protein, weight management, and satiety
- The effect of fiber on satiety and food intake: a systematic review
- Healthy strategies for successful weight loss and weight maintenance: a systematic review
- Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Health Implications of Dietary Fiber
- Increasing total fiber intake reduces risk of weight and fat gains in women
- Effects of energy-restricted high-protein, low-fat compared with standard-protein, low-fat diets: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
- The role of higher protein diets in weight control and obesity-related comorbidities
- Dietary fiber, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease
- Dietary Fiber Is Beneficial for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: An Umbrella Review of Meta-analyses
- Effects of dietary fibre type on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of healthy individuals
- Effects of the regular consumption of wholemeal wheat foods on cardiovascular risk factors in healthy people
- Dietary Magnesium and Cardiovascular Disease: A Review with Emphasis in Epidemiological Studies
- Dietary magnesium intake and the risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and all-cause mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies
- Dietary folate and vitamin b6 and B12 intake in relation to mortality from cardiovascular diseases: Japan collaborative cohort study
- Magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies
- Effects of dietary fiber and its components on metabolic health
- Fiber intake and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
- Dietary fiber for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis
- Dietary fiber intervention on gut microbiota composition in healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
- Role of the gut microbiota in nutrition and health
- Short term (14 days) consumption of insoluble wheat bran fibre-containing breakfast cereals improves subjective digestive feelings, general wellbeing and bowel function in a dose dependent manner
- Whole grain consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all cause and cause specific mortality: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies
- Wholegrain Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: Evidence from Epidemiological and Intervention Studies
- Celiac disease: Overview and considerations for development of gluten-free foods
- Wheat allergy: diagnosis and management
- From raw material to dish: pasta quality step by step
- [HISTORICAL RECORD]: OATS