Stress, beyond a point, can cause severe health issues. In recent times, stress has also been linked to adult acne. Have you been experiencing an outbreak of acne? Have you observed your stress levels?
While stress does not directly cause acne, it definitely can trigger the condition. How does this happen? What can you do to prevent stress acne and boost skin health? We have answered these queries in this post. Take a look.
In This Article
How Do Stress Hormones Affect Acne?
Stress can trigger acne. Their severity is positively correlated with the amount of stress an individual was under at any given point in time (1). This occurs due to increased sebum production. Sebum is an oily substance that may clog skin pores along with bacteria and dead skin cells. This eventually can lead to acne.
Sebum is released when the cell’s stress receptors are activated. This is triggered by various stress hormones, including androgen and cortisol.
While stress can definitely trigger one’s acne-prone skin, it is typically not the main cause. Keep reading to know more about the causes and triggers of acne.
Stress does not cause pimples. It simply triggers them. The main causes of acne are as follows:
- Dead skin cells
- The overproduction of sebum (oil)
Besides stress, the following factors can also trigger breakouts.
1. Different Medications
This is especially true for drugs that contain lithium, testosterone, and corticosteroids (2). These may disrupt the body’s production of hormones and eventually lead to excess sebum production. If you experience acne after taking these medications, consult a doctor for other alternatives.
2. Hormonal Changes
The body undergoes several hormonal changes during puberty and between 50 to 60 years of age. The increase of androgen is one such change. This hormone causes the enlargement of sebaceous glands and may eventually increase sebum production (3). This, in turn, may result in acne.
Preliminary studies suggest that the overconsumption of carbohydrate-rich foods such as bread, rice, and bagels may result in the overproduction of sebum and cause acne (4). However, more research is warranted in this regard.
These are the other common factors that trigger acne. Let us now understand how stress acne differs from other types of breakouts.
What Is The Difference Between Stress Acne And Other Breakouts?
1. Keep Track Of The Timing
Tracking your acne is especially useful if you do not experience severe acne throughout the year. If you notice your acne repeatedly coinciding with extremely stressful events, like your periods or examinations, then it is most likely induced by stress.
2. Notice The Location
Pimples caused by stress typically exist on the oilier parts of one’s skin. This includes the T-bone (forehead and nose) as well as the area around the lips and chin.
3. Observe The Frequency Of The Breakout On A Particular Location
Unlike other types of acne that appear all over the skin, stress breakouts are generally designated to only certain areas of the face. Acne popping up in the same place over and over again can be an indication of stress breakouts.
4. Notice What Accompanies It
While acne encompasses various skin issues (pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, etc.), regular breakouts typically involve just one or two symptoms. Pimples caused by stress, on the other hand, are generally accompanied by coarse and oily skin, blackheads, and whiteheads. Such pimples are also defined by their red and inflamed appearance.
While differentiating between acne formed due to stress and regular breakouts is easy, getting rid of stress pimples is hard. Or is it? We have listed in the next section the different ways you can get rid of stress pimples.
How Do You Get Rid Of Stress Pimples?
There are several treatment options available to help you get rid of stress pimples. The top ones are as follows:
1. Over-The-Counter Medication
That said, make sure to conduct a patch test or visit your local dermatologist before using these medications.
While you cannot use cleansers to get rid of pimples, the wrong ones can aggravate stress breakouts. Hence, consider using non-alcoholic cleansers. They are quite gentle on the skin and are less likely to cause any reaction (6).
3. Vitamin-Based Creams
Products containing active vitamins, like retinol, may help reduce acne and acne spots caused by stress (6). However, more research needs to be conducted on this subject matter.
4. Warm Compress
Avoid popping your pimples, as this may otherwise spread the infection and cause more breakouts. You can instead try applying a warm compress to the affected area. The compress can soften the pimple and allow it to erupt naturally.
Prevention is always better than cure. The next section discusses how you can prevent stress acne in the first place.
How Do You Prevent Stress Acne?
1. Exercise Regularly
Exercise lowers stress levels and helps improve one’s blood circulation. This may reduce acne flare-ups in the future.
2. Regularize Your Sleep Pattern
The amount of sleep you get plays an important role in treating acne outbreaks. It is during this time that your skin repairs itself. Also, inadequate sleep may lead to higher stress levels and mood changes (7). Hence, get at least seven hours of uninterrupted sleep each night.
3. Cleanse Your Face Often
Wash and cleanse your face at least twice a day – once in the morning and once at night. This practice can remove the dirt, dead skin cells, and excess sebum present in your pores and help prevent acne. Use a gentle non-alcoholic face wash and cleanser for best results.
4. Improve Your Diet
Certain types of food can trigger acne. Hence, opt for a well-rounded diet that does not have excess of carbohydrates or fats. You can visit a dietician to create a custom diet chart most suitable for your skin.
Stress acne is indirectly caused by various stress hormones that lead to the production of excess sebum. Other triggers include one’s diet, medication, and hormonal changes.
The best way to stop stress acne is using the right creams and cleansers. Adjusting your diet and regularizing your sleep and exercise routines can also help prevent the recurrence of stress acne.
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- The response of skin disease to stress: changes in the severity of acne vulgaris as affected by examination stress
- Hormonal Treatment of Acne in Women
- The relationship of diet and acne
- A review of diagnosis and treatment of acne in adult female patient
- Over-the-counter Acne Treatments: A Review
- Stress and autonomic response to sleep deprivation in medical residents: A comparative cross-sectional study