Dandruff is a common scalp disorder. Exact causes of dandruff are still unknown to the medical experts. While oily scalp is a common factor leading to dandruff, people with dry skin experience the same scalp problem at times. Multiple researches conducted on dandruff have yielded the conclusion that there are various types of dandruff. Causes of each type of dandruff are different. The dandruff symptoms are mostly, visible flakes on the scalp and the hair. Some skin disorders like seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis can generate dandruff as well. The common type of dandruff is known as psoriasis, whereas seborrheic dermatitis is a critical type of dandruff that might affect other body parts as well.
Symptoms of dandruff in hair may depend on the type of the disorder. Here are some commonly noticed symptoms of dandruff experienced by many.
Symptoms of Dandruff:
1. Itchy scalp:
Itchy scalp is the most common symptom of dandruff. If you have dandruff on scalp, itching might be a regular symptom you would experience. The itching is caused due to the loose visible flakes. These visible flakes are the dead cells that are from the scalp. This common type of dandruff is mainly noticed during winter. Dry scalp is the main cause of winter dandruff. You need not worry when having such a disorder, this goes away with time.
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2. Hair fall:
Hair fall is another prime symptoms of dandruff in hair. Irrespective of the type, hair fall is a common experience when you are suffering with this scalp problem. We generally lose 20-50 hair every day. This is the normal range of hair fall. An alarming rate of hair fall is surely a symptom of dandruff.
3. Dry and Dull Hair:
Is your hair dry and dull? If yes, you might have dandruff. Dandruff tends to extract the existing oil from the scalp, leaving the hair dry and lifeless. Your hair may appear dull and unmanageable even after proper brushing. You will have to treat this with utmost care.
4. Acne and Pimples:
Although not directly related to scalp or hair, you might notice sudden outbreak of pimples and acne when having dandruff. Acne and pimples caused due to dandruff have a reddish appearance. These pimples can be painful too. Many people with problem of pimples have gotten rid of it only after getting rid of dandruff.
[ Read: Cure Chronic Dandruff ]
5. Constipation and Irritable Bowel Syndrome:
Some studies have shown that dandruff may be the cause of chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. Although the reasons are still unexplained, it is a common experience felt by many people having dandruff.
Common treatments for dandruff
Just like the symptoms, treatments of dandruff depend on their types. You need to consult an expert dermatologist when you have seborrheic dermatitis. There are some home based treatments as well for common types of dandruff.
1. Anti-Dandruff Shampoo:
You will find many options when you look for an anti-dandruff shampoo. Ideally, you should pick a mild one so that you can shampoo as often as needed. A mild anti-dandruff shampoo will help you to remove the flakes from the scalp, while restoring the natural sheen and luster of the hair.
2. Curd and Lemon:
Lemon and curd form the best home based cures for dandruff. Add a few drops of lemon into curd and apply the mixture on scalp. Leave the pack for half an hour, and wash it off with plenty of water. Repeat the method thrice a week for better results.
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