Does Vitamin B12 Deficiency Lead To Weight Gain? What You Should Know

Find out if a deficiency of this vitamin can make you pack on those pounds.

Medically Reviewed by Madhu Sharma, RD
By Priyanka Sadhukhan, MSc (Nutrition), Certified Diabetes Educator

People often think vitamin B12 deficiency and weight gain are linked. But how true is this assumption? Before we go ahead, let us learn about some of the physiological functions of this vitamin, which is also referred to as cobalamin.

Vitamin B12 is water-soluble and essential for the proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. This micronutrient also has a role to play in blood cell formation, energy production, and DNA synthesis (1). Its deficiency can manifest in the form of a nervous disorder, anemia, and poor energy levels (2). But how is it related to weight gain? Keep reading to find out!

Symptoms Of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Shortness of breath is a symptom of vitamin B12 deficiency

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When there is a deficiency of vitamin B12, cell division slows down. Due to this slow cell division, red blood cells are enlarged and destroyed by the immune system. There are several Symptoms Of Vitamin B12 Deficiency (3), (4). They are:

  1. 1. Chronic Fatigue – Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause a persistent feeling of exhaustion and tiredness.
  2. Incontinence – Due to vitamin B12 deficiency, the bladder is incapable of holding urine, and leakage occurs.
  3. Shortness Of Breath – Shortness of breath or slow breathing is mainly caused due to B12 not being properly absorbed by the body.
  4. Forgetfulness – Forgetfulness is a common symptom that occurs when the neurological system is deprived of vitamin B12.
  5. Hallucinations And Psychosis – Extreme symptoms that can occur due to vitamin B12 deficiency are hallucinations and weak mental conditions.

Does Vitamin B12 Lead To Weight Gain Or Weight Loss?

Low vitamin B12 levels may cause obesity

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There is very little evidence to suggest that vitamin B12 leads to weight gain or weight loss.

Studies associate low vitamin B12 levels with obesity. However, people with a normal BMI range showed a negative correlation with vitamin B12 (5). Another study associated obesity in children and adolescents with an increased risk of low vitamin B12 levels (6).

A recent study on US population shows that high serum vitamin B12 levels are inversely proportional to body weight, but the underlying mechanism needs further investigation (7).

A study in NewYork states that long-term supplementation with vitamin B12 can lead to less weight gain (8). However, more studies are required to arrive at a conclusion.

A 15-year-old boy with macrocytic anemia and other clinical conditions, when supplemented with intravenous cobalamin, showed an increase in appetite and weight (9).

It is pretty clear that current evidence is inconclusive to establish that vitamin B12 deficiency leads to weight gain. However, low vitamin B12 levels are observed among people with obesity issues.

If you are experiencing any of the vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms and weight changes, scroll down to see what the best sources of vitamin B12  are that you can include in your meals.

How To Get More Vitamin B12?

Dairy products are a good source of vitamin B12

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The best and natural way to get vitamin B12 in your body is to eat foods that contain it. Foods rich in vitamin B12 include (4):

  • Meat and chicken
  • Seafood
  • Eggs
  • Dairy and dairy products
  • Fortified breakfast cereals

Apart from these natural sources, you can also take vitamin B12 capsules, syrups, and health drinks that can help bring your vitamin B12 levels back to normal. But before taking any supplements or medicines, make sure to consult the doctor.

The nervous system and blood circulation depend on vitamin B12. Hence, inadequate levels of this vital vitamin may lead to chronic fatigue, forgetfulness, or hallucinations. Vegetarians are more likely to be deficient in vitamin B12 as plant-based foods have low levels of this vitamin. A common belief among the masses is that low vitamin B12 levels may lead to weight gain. However, there is very little data to suggest a link between vitamin B12 deficiency and weight gain. Generally, individuals with a high BMI may have low vitamin B12 levels. Consult your healthcare professional if you observe unexpected weight gain to figure out the cause.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can low vitamin B12 make you tired?

As vitamin B12 is required to operate biochemical reactions for energy production, low levels of B12 cause you to feel tired because of lack of energy production.

Can low vitamin B12 cause anxiety?

Vitamin B12 regulates functions of the nerves. Hence, low B12 levels may cause psychiatric symptoms like depression, anxiety, as well as hallucinations.

What is the difference between vitamin B12 deficiency and anemia?

There is no difference between B12 deficiency and anemia. In fact, vitamin B12 deficiency leads to anemia as it regulates functions of red blood cells.

Sources

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Priyanka is a nutritionist and a Certified Diabetes Educator. She has over 8 years of experience in nutrition and dietetics... more

Madhu Sharma

(RD)
Madhu Sharma is a member of the National Executive Committee of IDA. She has been associated for almost three decades... more

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