Vitamin D For Acne: Benefits, How To Use, And Side Effects

Written by Arshiya Syeda

Are you wondering whether vitamin D is good for acne? Can its deficiency lead to breakouts? If you are confused and want some clarity on the link between vitamin D and acne, this article is for you.

Let us dive right in to understand how the “sunshine vitamin” can save you from an acne breakout and why you should make healthy sources of vitamin D an essential part of your skin care routine.

Can A Lack Of Vitamin D Cause Pimples? – A Research-Backed Perspective

If you think vitamin D deficiency is not a global concern, think again. According to research, about 1 billion people worldwide have low vitamin D levels.

But, what is the link between vitamin D and acne? Can a vitamin D deficiency lead to acne breakouts? Here is what research tells us:

1. Vitamin D Regulates The Immune System

Vitamin D plays an important role in the immune system, and its deficiency can lead to various skin diseases, including atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. As per a study conducted in South Korea, vitamin D deficiency is more common in people who have acne than in people who don’t.

2. Vitamin D Deficiency And Nodulocystic Acne

Another study conducted in Turkey concluded that there is a connection between low vitamin D levels and nodulocystic acne. It found that the subjects with acne had relatively lower vitamin D levels than the control group.

3. Vitamin D Taken Orally Can Help With Acne

Yet another study conducted in Egypt found that people with acne are more prone to vitamin D deficiency compared to healthy people. Hence, administering vitamin D can play a beneficial role in acne management with no reported side effects.

There is sufficient evidence to suggest that a lack of vitamin D can cause acne. In other words, using vitamin D appropriately and under expert guidance can keep acne breakouts at bay.

Moving on, let us look at the benefits of using vitamin D for acne.

Top 3 Benefits Of Using Vitamin D For Acne

1. Antimicrobial Properties

Research suggests that vitamin D is power-packed with antimicrobial properties. Vitamin D boosts the body’s innate immunity by modulating the production of antimicrobial peptides. This plays a powerful role in managing atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, vitiligo, acne, and rosacea.

So if you have acne caused by bacteria, using vitamin D topically can help you manage acne and have a calming effect on your skin.

2. Anti-Inflammatory Properties

A recent study also claims that vitamin D induces an anti-inflammatory effect on acne due to its immune-regulatory function. So, taking an appropriate dose of vitamin D in the form of supplements can help tackle the inflammation issues that come along with acne, such as rash, redness, irritation, etc.

3. Antioxidant And Anti-Comedogenic Properties

Vitamin D has antioxidant and non-comedogenic properties. This means that it can scavenge the free radicals and unclog pores, which may help get rid of acne.

In the next section, let us look at how to use vitamin D for acne.

How To Use Vitamin D For Acne

There are numerous ways to incorporate this vitamin into your daily living:

1. Consume Foods Rich In Vitamin D

A lot has been said about the potential link between diet and acne. Recent research suggests that high-glycemic load diets may exacerbate acne. So, keeping a food diary and noticing any patterns in your food intake and acne flare-ups can help you tackle acne.

That said, more research needs to be done to understand how certain foods can make acne worse and cause flare-ups.

As a precautionary measure, you can consume the following vitamin D-rich foods:

  • Oily fish like salmon, sardines, herring, and mackerel
  • Red meat
  • Liver
  • Egg yolks
  • Cheese
  • Mushrooms
  • Fortified foods, including fat spreads, milk, fruit juice, and breakfast cereals)

If you are thinking of consuming dairy products such as milk and cheese, exercise caution as they can make the acne symptoms worse.

2. Take Dietary Supplements

You can also take supplements to take care of the daily required dosage of vitamin D. As per the UK’s National Health Service, children from the age of 1 year and adults need 10 mcg of vitamin D a day. This includes pregnant and breastfeeding women and people at risk of vitamin D deficiency. Additionally, babies up to the age of 1 year need 8.5 to 10 mcg of vitamin D a day.

It is best to speak to your dermatologist, who can prescribe the right dosage and frequency based on the severity of your acne, your skin type, dietary and lifestyle choices, etc.

Additionally, keep an eye out on the supplements you are taking, or else you might exceed the daily intake amount, leading to a vitamin D build-up in your system. Finally, remember to take vitamin D supplements along with your meal for the best results.

3. Apply Vitamin D3 Topically

You can also apply vitamin D3 topically. Research suggests that topical application of vitamin D3 can safely help in treating a vitamin D deficiency.

4. Get Sun Exposure

Getting enough sunlight will not treat your acne, but it will raise your vitamin D levels. However, do not step out into the sun without wearing an SPF 30 (or higher) sunscreen. Otherwise, you run the risk of getting sunburn, premature signs of aging, and skin cancer.

Next, let us take a look at the side effects and risk factors to keep in mind when using vitamin D in any form.

Side Effects And Risks To Keep In Mind

One of the most important things to remember when consuming vitamin D in any form is that exceeding the daily intake can have serious side effects. So if you are not pregnant or breastfeeding, the daily limit of vitamin D intake has been set to 100 mcg per day.

The typical side effects of vitamin D toxicity include:

  • Confusion
  • Apathy
  • Recurrent vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Polyuria (urinating more than normal)
  • Polydipsia (excessive thirst)
  • Dehydration
  • Hypercalcemia (above normal calcium level)
  • Heart arrhythmia
  • Tissue calcification
  • Kidney stones
  • Organ damage
  • Bone pain
  • Weakness

Finally, remember that your vitamin D levels can also decrease if you are on corticosteroid medication.

The Bottom Line

Vitamin D plays a significant role in the proper functioning of the immune system. It can also help you combat dermatological conditions such as psoriasis, acne, and atopic dermatitis. Research has also established a link between vitamin D deficiency and acne. Therefore, if your acne is not clearing out with other treatments, you may have a vitamin D deficiency. So, consult your dermatologist to chart out a viable, safe, and healthy course of treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can taking vitamin D cause acne?

No. In fact, a deficiency in vitamin D may cause acne, but more research needs to be done to conclusively prove this.

Can vitamin D cause skin problems?

Yes, a vitamin D deficiency can cause skin issues such as red, dry, and itchy skin. Daily intake of vitamin D under expert guidance can help you treat these kinds of skin problems.


Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Check out our editorial policy for further details.

  1. Is vitamin D deficiency a major global public health problem?
  2. Comparison of Vitamin D Levels in Patients with and without Acne: A Case-Control Study Combined with a Randomized Controlled Trial
  3. Preliminary evidence for vitamin D deficiency in nodulocystic acne
  4. The impact of active vitamin D administration on the clinical outcomes of acne vulgaris
  5. Antimicrobial implications of vitamin D
  6. Vitamin D Levels in Patients with and without Acne and Its Relation to Acne Severity: A Case-Control Study
  7. Significance of diet in treated and untreated acne vulgaris
  8. Vitamin D
  9. Significance of diet in treated and untreated acne vulgaris
  10. Topical Delivery of Vitamin D3: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study
  11. Vitamin D
  12. Vitamin D Toxicity–A Clinical Perspective

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