Does acne torment your life despite every effort you make to keep it at bay? We hear you! Nothing can feel worse than waking up to an acne breakout. No matter how confident you are, breakouts can be pretty frustrating.
Acne usually starts during the adolescent years and tends to go away as people get older. However, painful acne can last till adulthood for some people, causing emotional and mental distress.
Luckily, you can easily counter this problem by understanding the common causes of acne and how to address this issue. Keep reading to find out when acne usually stops and other answers to common acne-related issues.
In This Article
What Is Acne?
Acne is an inflammatory chronic skin condition. Your skin holds billions of pores responsible for maintaining body temperature, skin pH, and hydration level. Acne usually occurs when these pores get clogged with dirt, oil, and dead skin cells. This blockage of skin pores causes blackheads, whiteheads, and dry or pus-filled pimples.
While the most common age when acne occurs is between 13 to 20 years, this problem can last longer in many men and women. To understand when acne usually stops for teenagers and adults, let’s understand how pimples are formed.
What Is The Life Cycle Of A Pimple?
A pimple usually takes around 1-2 weeks to fully develop (1). While you may think that they develop overnight, in reality, it is a long process that includes weeks of developing and growing.
Microcomedones – tiny bumps that are not visible to the naked eye – first begin to form on the skin. The oil glands in the epidermis get stimulated by hormones that become overcharged and start secreting excess oil (1).
Numerous infected spots break out from the whiteheads or pimples already existing in the area within the skin pores. Bacteria can get stuck between these pores and start multiplying to create acne.
Now that you know how pimples form on the skin, let us see how long they take to disappear.
When Does Acne Really Go Away?
To understand when acne stops for guys and girls, you also need to recognize the underlying cause behind the skin condition. Based on the cause of the breakouts, you can figure out when the acne will diminish.
During puberty, many hormonal changes occur in the male and female bodies, resulting in breakouts and inflammation. Androgens, estrogen, and progesterone are some hormones that not only change physical appearance but also amp up oil production and acne in both sexes (2). However, acne during puberty or adolescence usually fades with time (as you grow out of puberty) or medical assistance.
If someone in your immediate family has a medical history of mild or severe acne, chances are you have the same problem. One study found that 81% of acne is attributable to genetics (3). If acne runs in your family, it may not completely go away. Hence, consult a dermatologist and inform them about your family acne history to get appropriate treatment.
Stress is a very common cause of acne. Excess stress increases the levels of cortisol (the stress hormone) in your body. This hormone can lead to higher sebum production and inflammation in the skin, leading to breakouts (4). In some cases, identifying the cause of stress and finding healthy ways to cope can help you treat acne effectively.
4. Adult Acne
Adult acne is the most critical form of acne that usually starts after 25 (5). While men are also prone to adult acne, this problem is more common in women. Some of the most common causes include PCOS and menstrual disorders.
If you are experiencing mild or severe adult acne, addressing these underlying issues with the help of lifestyle changes and medication can help control the breakouts. However, the acne may take time (a few months) to fade away.
If you have adult acne and are looking for skin care tips to prevent further breakouts, read the next section to know more.
How To Address Adult Acne
Are you wondering when your hormonal acne will stop? Here are some efficient ways to address your adult acne.
1. Use A Gentle Cleanser
Using skin care products with harsh chemicals can aggravate your acne problem. Instead, pick a salicylic acid-based cleanser that gently cleanses your pores. This beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties that can eliminate acne-causing bacteria (6).
2. Choose The Right Shampoo
Using the wrong shampoo is claimed to be another cause of adult acne, especially near the hairline. Some shampoos contain oils that block the pores and cause acne. If you think this is the cause of your adult acne, you can try switching to a different shampoo.
3. Avoid Touching Your Face
Constantly touching your face can transfer oil and dirt from your hands to your face, thus worsening the acne. Picking on pimples can further lead to scarring and inflammation. However, if you feel you cannot keep your fingers away from your face, consider using pimple patches to heal your breakouts faster.
4. Stay Away From Comedogenic Products
If you have adult acne, make sure that your skin care routine includes products that are oil-free and non-comedogenic. Using an oil-free product ensures that the pores do not get clogged and also reduces breakouts.
5. Consult A Dermatologist
If your adult acne persists, you must immediately consult a dermatologist who can prescribe the appropriate medication according to your acne severity and skin type.
Check out some popular treatments for adult acne below.
What Are The Treatments For Adult Acne?
Dermatologists usually prescribe the following treatments for adult acne:
- Gel, Lotions, And Topical Creams:These medicated skin care products contain acne-fighting ingredients like tretinoin and benzoyl peroxide (7 ), (8).
- Oral Tablets:Pills such as oral contraceptives or hormone replacement capsules are prescribed by dermatologists to treat severe hormonal adult acne (9).
Apart from hormonal imbalance, there can be numerous other causes of adult acne. Find out what these are below.
Other Reasons Behind Adult Acne
Often, the cause behind your acne has nothing to do with hormones – instead, it could be a reaction to some other external factor. By addressing the following causes, you can minimize your acne and get clearer skin.
If your skin breaks out when you consume certain foods or step into a dusty place, you are probably allergic to those foods or dust. Consult a doctor and get an allergy test done to identify the triggers of your acne.
2. Change In Medication
Changing your medication can create a hormonal imbalance and result in breakouts. One such common medication is birth control, which typically contains estrogen and progestin. When you stop taking this medicine, it may cause acne.
The problem of acne is not the same for everyone, and it can occur due to various reasons. While acne that occurs due to stress or puberty clears up fairly quickly and is easier to treat, acne that is a result of genetics or hormones takes a longer time to clear up. However, with the right medication and changes in your lifestyle, you can manage it well.
Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions
At what age is acne the worst?
Acne problems usually start during puberty, and it is worst between the ages of 10 to 19 years.
Is acne genetic?
While there is no particular acne gene, genetics play a prominent role in hormonal changes leading to acne breakouts.
What is good for acne scars?
At-home treatments for acne scars include products containing retinoids, salicylic acid, alpha hydroxy acids, and lactic acid. You can also get clinical treatments like chemical peels, laser resurfacing, microdermabrasion, fillers, or microneedling to reduce their appearance.
What foods cause acne?
According to researchers, there is no evidence that any food cause acne. However, if you think certain foods are making you break out, stop consuming them.
What is acne-prone skin?
Acne-prone skin is a skin type that is more vulnerable to pimples and acne breakouts. Usually, sensitive skin is more prone to acne.
What is the difference between acne and pimples?
The significant difference between acne and pimples is that acne is a skin disorder, and pimple is a symptom of this condition.
Does acne require a medical diagnosis?
While most acne cases do not require a diagnosis, you must consult a dermatologist if you have severe breakouts.
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- A review of diagnosis and treatment of acne in adult female patients
- Hormonal treatment of acne vulgaris: an update
- The Influence of Genetics and Environmental Factors in the Pathogenesis of Acne: A Twin Study of Acne in Women
- The association between stress and acne among female medical students in Jeddah Saudi Arabia
- Adult Acne Versus Adolescent Acne
- The influence of various factors on the human resident skin flora
- Tretinoin microsphere gel in facial acne vulgaris: a meta-analysis
- A current review of topical benzoyl peroxide: new perspectives on formulation and utilization
- Use of oral contraceptives for management of acne vulgaris and hirsutism in women of reproductive and late reproductive age