Ladies, it is a known fact that periods are a lot more than just mood swings and food cravings. Even if you hate the idea of the dreaded flow every month, it is a crucial indicator that signals the health and well-being of the female body and its function. In normal or common circumstances, most menstruating women experience periods within the normal window of 28-30 days, but many factors end up either delaying, preponing periods, or coming to a stop for months altogether. If you notice that there has been a sudden change in your cycle or that you’ve skipped your period, there may be plenty of reasons as to why that has happened. While it is normal for your period to get a tad bit delayed once in a blue moon if there is a significant delay or you have irregular periods, here are some of the reasons why that might be happening:
One of the biggest reasons why your period may be delayed is because you could be pregnant (1). Of course, this is only the case if you have been intimate with someone in the past month or so. It can even happen if your contraception method fails. You should wait for a few days after the due date of your period and see if it arrives. But if it does not, it’s a good idea to take an at-home pregnancy test to find out if that’s the reason why there is a delay.
If you are majorly stressed out, it can have quite an effect on your menstrual cycle. In some cases, your period can even become more painful. One way to avoid getting stressed is by ensuring that you have some time to unwind and relax. Participate in regular forms of exercise like swimming, running, yoga, and more. Also, make sure that you give breathing exercises a try. If none of this seems to work, you should consider cognitive behavioral therapy.
3. Low Body Weight
Women who suffer from severe eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia nervosa might find themselves missing their periods (2). Even weighing ten percent less than what is considered the normal range for your height can affect the way in which your body functions. If you are suffering from an eating disorder, you shouldn’t feel embarrassed to come forward and seek treatment. It is the only healthy way for you to return your cycle back to normal. If you have been undergoing stress and have dropped a lot of weight as a result of it, consider seeking help from a doctor as well.
4. Thyroid Issues
An underactive or overactive thyroid gland is often responsible for causing missed or late periods as well. Since the thyroid gland regulates metabolism, your hormone levels can be affected as well. Issues related to thyroids can usually be treated with medication, and after you receive treatment, your periods might most likely return to their normal cycle.
5. Exercising Excessively
Excessive physical activity can put undue stress onto your body and can affect hormones that cause your period. If you lose too much of the fat on your body through intensive exercise routines, it can affect your ovulation cycle. If you are an athlete and have missed your period, you might benefit from visiting a doctor who is a specialist in sports medicine.
6. Chronic Health Conditions
Certain chronic conditions like celiac disease and diabetes can also have an impact on your period. Since changes in blood sugar are linked to hormonal changes, poorly controlled diabetes can cause your period to become irregular. Celiac disease also causes inflammation that can lead to some damage to your small intestine. This may stop your body from absorbing any nutrients and can cause you to miss your period.
7. Birth Control
You can also miss your period if you’re on birth control. Certain types of hormonal contraception can cause you to miss or skip a period, which isn’t really a significant cause for concern. Contraception options like progestogen pills, intrauterine systems, and contraceptive injections may cause your periods to pause. However, it isn’t a cause for concern as your period will restart once you quit using these kinds of contraceptives.
8. Losing A Massive Amount Of Weight
A sudden drop in your weight can also cause your periods to pause. If you are severely restricting the number of calories you are consuming, your body will stop producing the hormones that are needed for ovulation. Your doctors might refer you to see a dietitian if you are underweight and have stopped menstruating. A dietician will be best suited to advise you on how to regain your weight in a safe manner.
9. Early Perimenopause
Most women hit menopause around the ages of forty-five to fifty-five. However, there are certain cases where women start facing symptoms of menopause at forty or even earlier. This means that their egg supply has winded down, and due to this, they will start facing missed periods, and their cycle will end.
10. PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
PCOS is a condition that is quite common among young women (3). It causes your body to produce more male hormone androgens. As a result of this imbalance, cysts begin to form in the ovaries, and this can cause ovulation to become irregular or to stop entirely.
Yes, being overweight, too, can have a massive impact on your menstrual cycle (4). If you are overweight, your body may be producing excessive amounts of estrogen. Oestrogen is needed for the smooth functioning of one’s reproductive system. If you have an excessive amount of estrogen in your system, it can affect how often you get your period and may even cause your stop.
Before assuming anything, the first step if you have missed your period is to not freak out. All you need to do is try and make your life happier and live a healthy life. Read about all kinds of stressbusters on the internet and take care of your body. Always carry a bottle of water wherever you go to stay hydrated. It will provide temporary relief from your menstrual weakness. There are plenty of reasons why you may be facing an irregular menstrual cycle, and if you do notice that you’re in the same boat, you should seek the help of a doctor. Do let us know all of your thoughts on this article in the comment section below!
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