What Causes Blemishes?
Blemishes can be caused due to a lot of factors such as viruses, bacteria, sun exposure, clogged pores, medications, stress, diet, genetics, hormonal imbalances. They can edge up on the skin as blackheads, whiteheads, cysts, acne, and other breakouts. However, they shouldn’t be confused with acne. Blemishes could be a result of acne, but they are mostly decolorization on the skin. They change the skin appearance and add imperfections, making it look patchy and dull.
All Blemishes Are Not The Same
- Acne: Acne occurs when oil, bacteria, or dirt clog hair follicles on the skin. They can appear as pimples, blackheads, or whiteheads. They leave scars and dark spots on the skin. Hormonal changes, sebum production, stress are some of the reasons for aggravated acne.
- Papules: Ranging from pink to brown color, papules are small skin lesions of 1 cm in diameter. Of no particular shape, they can occur in a group or individually as well. Dermatitis, eczema, and chickenpox rashes are common papules.
- Nodules: Flesh-tones to red in color, nodules are a collection of tissues. They occur on the skin as skin tags and warts. Their size varies from 1-2 centimeters.
- Pustules: These are pus-filled bumps on the skin. Whiteheads and chickenpox blisters are some common examples of pustules. Skin conditions, like rosacea, can also cause pustules.
- Age Spots: Age spots are a type of hyperpigmentation. These are dark spots found anywhere on the skin and are often caused due to sun exposure.
- Birthmarks: These blemishes occur at birth in different shapes, sizes, and colors. Salmon patches are the type of birthmarks that fade away with time, whereas port-wine stains or moles last a lifetime.
- Ingrown hair: Waxing or shaving may cause ingrown hairs. They grow within the skin and get trapped. Filled with fluid, they might form into ingrown cysts that feel painful to touch. They might be red, white, or yellow in appearance.
- Melasma: A common skin condition during pregnancy, melasma is a type of darker skin patches on the skin caused by hormonal changes or sun exposure.
- Skin Cancers: These blemishes are of various kinds in terms of appearance and color. Malignant Melanoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma are some of the common examples.
- Cysts: These are bumps on the skin which contain substances like fluid. Ganglion cysts, epidermoid cysts are some common kinds of cysts.
- Cold Sores: These are blisters caused by the HSV-1 virus. Often found on or around the mouth, they cause a tingling or itching sensation.
- Hyperpigmentation: This is caused by the overproduction of melanin. Reasons like hormonal changes, sun exposure, or acne scarring cause hyperpigmentation. They look like dark patches or uneven skin tone.
Blemish Guide Through Colors
Most blemishes are red in color. These can be pimples, ingrown hairs, rosacea, pustules, cold sores, etc.
Blackheads and malignant melanoma are some common black blemishes.
Some fungal infections and whiteheads are white blemishes.
Melasma, birthmarks, hyperpigmentation, or malignant melanoma are brown blemishes.
Can You Prevent Blemishes?
Each blemish demands a unique form of treatment. OTC products will help treat blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. However, finding the right product will take you through a few experiments. Hydrocortisone Cream or topical creams will treat ingrown hairs, allergic reactions, or soothe irritations. Salicylic acid, a cult ingredient for acne healing, helps in unclogging pores. Use creams with hydroquinone to lighten hyperpigmentation, lighten acne spots, or age spots. Sun protection is one of the first steps to prevent skin damage on a direct level. Furthermore, laser therapy, chemical peels are some of the options to get rid of age spots permanently. Natural formulas like Aloe Vera, Apple Cider Vinegar also help with the concerns of blemishes.
Anti-blemish products should be a part of your daily routine to achieve faster and effective results.
- Knowing your skin type and the type of blemishes that occur is the first step. There are anti-blemish products for oily skin, anti-blemish products for sensitive skin, and many more.
Refer to the ingredient list of a product. Avoid products that contain harsh ingredients. StyleCraze Product Analysis will guide you through potential ingredients that can react with your skin. This will help you make an effective choice.
- Cleanse, tone, and moisturize your skin twice daily. Use the anti-blemish product daily for the best results.
- Most importantly, maintain a healthy diet and stay hydrated for clear skin.
- Don’t touch blemished skin often. Always clean your hands before touching blemished skin.
- Avoid scratching your blemishes or popping out the pimples.
- See a dermatologist if your blemish has irregular borders, changes in color or size, or bleeds.
Anti-blemish products are available in many forms such as creams, liquids, serums, etc. Each product suits a particular skin type or is infused with ingredients that shall help repair your skin. While picking the right one might seem tricky, we are listing out some of the best for you here:
Best-Selling Anti-Blemish Products
- Kiehl’s Clearly Corrective Dark Spot Solution
- Mamaearth Bye Bye Blemishes Face Cream
- Innisfree Bija Bija Cica Balm Ex
- PCA Skin Clearskin
- Alpha-H Liquid Gold
- Mario Badescu Drying Lotion
- Colorbar Ultimate Blemish Corrector
- Oshea Herbals Papaya Clean Anti Blemishes Cream
- Klairs Illuminating Supple Blemish Cream SPF 40
- Kaya Acne Free Blemish Control Formula
Best Anti-Blemish Products for Sensitive Skin
- Avene Cleanance Expert
- TreeActiv Cystic Acne Spot Treatment
- La Roche-Posay Effaclar Duo Dual Anti Acne Treatment Cream