Diabetes Risk Calculator

By Sindhu Koganti image Sindhu Koganti BTech (Biotechnology), Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh linkedin_icon Specialty: Ingredients & Nutrition Experience: 6 years

Sindhu Koganti is a Certified Health and Nutrition Life Coach and has over 6 years of experience in writing on health and wellness topics. She has a bachelor’s degree in biotechnology from more

, BTech (Biotechnology), Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh  • 

Studies suggest compared to individuals without diabetes, who have diabetes remain at higher threat for severe heart diseases like as coronary heart disease and diabetic cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disorder). Diabetic cardiomyopathy is commonly known as heart attack. Diabetes calculators help to know whether you are suffering with the disease or not and what are the steps of cure.



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Major risks associated diabetes are as mentioned below:

Coronary heart disease (CHD)

In case of Coronary Heart Disease the coronary arteries are affected with fatty substances. This arrests normal flow of oxygen rich foods into the heart. Once the coronary arteries are narrowed, heart muscle receives lesser oxygen. The fatty deposits increase in the form of blood clots within the arteries and prevent proper blood flow in the heart. If you suffer from chest pain, an irregular heartbeat, it is prudent to use a diabetes calculator to know your accurate health condition.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy

Diabetic cardiomyopathy impacts function of the heart. This can be a cause of heart failure. Initial irregular heartbeat and eventually a heart condition deteriorate.

Diabetes test and risk score

Estimating risk score is a process, there can be various factors like age, gender, height, family details, BMI, ethnicity, family history, systolic blood pressure, HDL cholesterol etc. needed for testing whether a person is suffering with diabetes or not. In a systematically conducted study, estimates of subjects at risk for developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus differed considerably according to the risk assessment tool used (0.3% to 20%), with higher scope of males at risk (0–29.2% vs. 0.1–13.4%, in case of men and women, correspondingly). Numbers of non-optimal metabolic features were in general larger amongst those at high risk of developing T2DM. It is also worth mentioning in this regard that a cardiometabolic profile characterization focused on the fact that only those classified at high risk, they only displayed an advanced pro-inflammatory, hypertensive, obese, dysglycaemic and insulin defiant metabolic phenotype.

American Diabetes Association showcases the following chart.

Recommended test: HbA1c

Level for people with or without diabetes. Under fasting as well tests need to be conducted for detailed diagnosis. The HbA1C test is a blood test that showcases average levels of blood glucose of previous three months.

Normal for person without diabetes70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L)
Official ADA recommendation for someone with diabetes80–130 mg/dl (4.4–7.2 mmol/L)
1 to 2 hours after meals
Normal for person without diabetesLess than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L)
Official ADA recommendation for someone with diabetesLess than 180 mg/dl (10.0 mmol/L)
Normal for person without diabetesLess than 5.7%
Official ADA recommendation for someone with diabetesLess than 7.0%

Diagnose diabetes as well as pre-diabetes

To identify you are suffering with the disease diabetes mellitus, blood test is necessary. There are online tools like diabetes carb calculator or diabetes carbohydrate calculator which can be helpful aid as well. The HbA1C test is a blood test that showcases average levels of blood glucose of previous three months. This is the test advisable for people without diabetes initially.

For an individual who is not suffering from diabetes, a normal HbA1C level remains below 5.7%. An A1C ranging between 5.7% to 6.4% is a sign of alarm as it is indicative of pre-diabetes.

Use the diabetes risk calculators

There are few inputs necessary for diabetes calculation. The online diabetes calculators are interactive and display results straightaway. Many of these tools do not show results but email results to the registered user email addresses.First personal details like sex, age, height, weight, family history of diabetes, ethnicity etc. should be provided. You need to key in laboratory results of HDL and fasting glucose reports. Probabilities and risk of diabetes in future time is provided by diabetes risk calculator.

Risks associated to type 2 diabetes

Combination of risk elements like genetic and lifestyle determines your chances of developing type 2 diabetes. Factors like age, height, weight, family and ethnicity cannot be altered. Certain basic factors for which more likely type 2 diabetes can be developed are as follows:

  • Obese
  • Age above 45 year
  • Family history or if family members suffered with diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Mental depression
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Low level of HDL and high level of triglycerides
  • History of stroke or heart disease

Control and check blood sugar

If you do not check diabetes, it can be detrimental and it can lead you to diabetes. So, regular checks and reliance upon diabetes calculators is a good idea. There are few ways of lowering blood sugar level, few are as mentioned below:

  • Regular exercise: Increased insulin level helps your blood cells to utilize sugars of your bloodstream better. Overweight can be lead to diabetes.
  • Regulate carb intake: Count on carbs, body breakdowns carbs to glucose and henceforth the insulin moves the sugars into your cells.
  • Increase fiber in your meals: Fiber eliminates sugar absorption and carb digestion.
  • Stay hydrated: Observation suggests that people taking more water develops lesser chances to suffer with diabetes.
  • Consume foods with low glycemic index: Eating meals with low glycemic index reduces blood sugar for a longer term.
  • Do not stress: Stress management is essential as it stabilizes mental health and helps your body in controlling blood sugars.
  • Eat mineral rich food and sleep a lot.

Water hydrates and drains out toxins

Water reduces hunger by reducing insulin resistance. Drinking plenty of water helps to lower down blood sugar levels. Blood sugars are higher in kidney and water removes the excess amount of sugars as well as ketones from the system. Drinking water is highly recommended from individuals suffering from diabetes. If your blood sugars are very high and your kidney is not able to process all the sugar, water will help remove the excess sugar and ketones out of your system. Removal of ketones helps a lot to reduce diabetes and moreover it hydrates the body.

Impact of Sugar

Human body needs glucose but too much consumption of sugar can be harmful. American Heart Association (AHA) forwarded recommendations as follows:

On a daily basis:

  • A male should not take more than 36 grams or 150 grams of calories from sugar
  • A female should not take more than 25 grams or 100 calories from sugar

It has been further explained that intake of sugar does not have a direct risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Still it can have several indirect effects, such as weight gain. These conditions can directly influence possibilities of diabetes. Diabetes calculators help to track and stay healthy.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is 200 blood sugar normal after eating?

No. Regardless of when you ate last, a reading of 200 or higher is a sign of diabetes. It would help if you started taking medication and made lifestyle changes,
including changing your diet and exercising more.

What food causes diabetes?

Certain foods can cause diabetes when consumed regularly and in excess quantities. These include:

. Sugary beverages
. Artificial trans fats
. High-carb processed foods like rice, white bread, and pasta
. Artificially sweetened breakfast cereals
. Packaged and canned foods
. French fries

Is diabetes reversible in early stages?

If you follow the recommendations of your doctor and nutritionist and make an attempt to lose weight,
diabetes is reversible in its early stages. When the condition is still in its early stages, it can be reversed by bringing your blood sugar levels back to normal.

Can walking cure diabetes?

Studies have indicated that walking can help lower blood glucose levels and
improve diabetes management (1).

What are the first signs of being a diabetic?

You may be in the early stages of type 2 diabetes if your vision is hazy, you urinate more frequently, you feel hungry or extremely thirsty frequently, your skin is dry and itchy, you are tired often,
or you get irritated easily.


  1. The Effect of Walking on Postprandial Glycemic Excursion in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes and Healthy Peoplehttps://diabetesjournals.org/care/article/35/12/2493/38568/The-Effect-of-Walking-on-Postprandial-Glycemic

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