32 Benefits Of Cucumber (Kheera) And Side Effects

No matter how you consume them, these watery yet crunchy veggies can do wonders for you.

By Tanya ChoudharyTanya Choudhary, ISSA Certified Specialist In Fitness & Nutrition  • 

The benefits of cucumber go beyond its refreshing nature. With a thin skin and moisture-rich flesh, these long green fruits belong to the Cucurbitaceae family which include squash, zucchini, and melons as well. They are best enjoyed raw in summers, as smoothies, juice, salads, and sandwiches. These also make for refreshing accompaniments in form of raitas and chutneys! Cucumbers are one of the oldest cultivated crops believed to have originated in the Indian subcontinent. With its high water content and low calorie count, it makes for a healthy addition to any diet and meal plan! In this article, we have summed up all further details about cucumbers and their many benefits! Read on to relish the goodness of cucumber!

Fun Fact
The Roman emperor Tiberius loved cucumber so much that he had it served on his table daily all year around.

Benefits Of Cucumber

Skin Benefits

  1. Revitalizes Skin
  2. Reverses Skin Tanning
  3. Controls Puffiness Of The Eyes
  4. Helps Soothe Sunburn
  5. Rejuvenates Skin
  6. Treats Open Pores
  7. Fights Cellulite
  8. Reduces Dark Circles
  9. Treats Blemishes
  10. Reduces Eye Wrinkles
  11. Removing Excess Water
  12. Under Eye Bags

Hair Benefits

  1. Reduces Hair Fall
  2. Gives Shiny Hair

Health Benefits

  1. Relieves Constipation
  2. Keeps Your Renal System Healthy
  3. Aids Digestion
  4. Fights Intestinal Worms
  5. Maintains Electrolyte Balance
  6. Reduces Inflammation
  7. Beneficial For Diabetics
  8. Is A Cancer Preventive
  9. Good For Dental Health
  10. Cures Hangover
  11. Good For Treating Blood Pressure Issues
  12. Detoxifies Your Body
  13. Strengthens Bones
  14. Treats Alzheimer’s
  15. Aids In Weight Loss
  16. Benefits To The Nervous System

Other Benefits

  1. Acts As A Stain Remover
  2. Controls Pests

Skin Benefits Of Cucumber

1. Revitalizes Skin

The greatest and most important skin benefit of cucumber is that it helps in revitalizing the skin.

What You Need

  • 2 ¼-inch slices of cucumber
  • 1 tablespoon + 1 teaspoon Greek yogurt
  • 1 teaspoon aloe vera gel
  • 1teaspoon honey
  • 1/2 teaspoon lemon juice
What You Need To Do
  1. Puree the cucumber in a blender and then add the other ingredients to it.
  2. Then, apply one layer of the mask on damp skin and leave it on for five minutes.
  3. Follow it up with the remaining mask another one or two times for a total of 15-20 minutes.
  4. Once dry, rinse it off with lukewarm water. Follow it up by splashing your face with cold water to close your skin pores.

Why Does It Work

Facial masks containing cucumber juice are beneficial for skin tightening (1).

Note: Rubbing fresh cucumber for 2 to 3 mins followed by an ice mask can be used in skin rejuvenation.

Caution: Always use diluted lemon juice to avoid skin irritation. Also, if you have dry and extremely sensitive skin, make sure to do a patch test before using aloe vera gel on your face to avoid any adverse reactions.

2. Reverses Skin Tanning

Cucumber is a mild astringent that helps get rid of skin tan.

What Do You Need

Juice of a grated cucumber

What You Need To Do

  1. After grating the cucumber, take a clean washcloth and use it to squeeze the juice out.
  2. Then, apply the juice on your face.

Why Does It Work

It has a mild bleaching property that can help even skin tone and give you youthful and glowing skin (2).

3. Controls Puffiness Of The Eyes

If you are worried about eye puffiness, then cucumbers can provide you with instant relief.

What You Need

A sliced cucumber

What You Need To Do

Put two slices of cucumber on your eyes and let it stay for as long as you want.

Why Does It Work

The ascorbic acid and caffeic acid in cucumber brings down the water retention rate which, in turn, diminishes the swelling and puffiness around the eyes. Cucumber can easily reduce the puffiness in your eyes  (3). Cucumber can easily reduce the puffiness in your eyes. Simply cut slices of cucumber, refrigerate it for a while and place it on your closed eyelids every day. This will not only bring down the puffiness, but also help you relax. It actually hydrates your eyes and lessens puffiness.

Image: Shutterstock

4. Helps Soothe Sunburn

Cucumber also heals sunburnt skin and brings instant relief.

What You Need

Sliced or pureed cucumber

What You Need To Do

Carefully apply pureed cucumber or slices carefully and generously on the affected area and allow it to sit for as long as you want.

Why Does It Work

Cucumber is a natural and gentle way to treat sunburn since it helps draw the latent heat out of your body (4).

5. Rejuvenates Skin

The most common use of cucumber is to improve and rejuvenate your skin.

What You Need

  • Cucumber juice
  • Lemon Juice

What You Need To Do

  1. Mix cucumber juice with a few drop of lemon juice. Apply the mixture as a facial mask.
  2. Let it sit for a while and then, use a wet towel to pat your skin dry.

Why Does It Work

Application of this mask will improve the complexion and will add a glow to your skin since cucumber is a mild astringent and contains a lot of water (5).

6. Treats Open Pores

You can also use cucumber to treat open pores and heat bumps on legs.

What You Need

  • Cucumber juice
  • Apple cider vinegar (optional)
  • Tomato pulp (optional)
  • Aloe vera gel (optional)

What You Need To Do

1. Blend the cucumber to get the juice and use it as a toner.
2. You can also mix it with apple cider vinegar, tomato pulp, and aloe vera gel to make it more effective

Why Does It Work

Cucumber juice can absorb the heat, rendering coolness and closing open pores (6).

7. Fights Cellulite

Cucumber can also help banish cellulite from the thighs.

What You Need

  • Cucumber juice
  • Ground coffee
  • 1 tablespoon raw honey

What You Need To Do

  1. Mix some ground coffee with cucumber juice and raw honey to make a thick paste.
  2. Apply this on the affected areas, wrap it in a muslin cloth and exfoliate gently after 30 minutes.

Why Does It Work

Cucumber juice contains phytochemicals that help in the production of collagen, the fiber-like protein responsible for skin elasticity and remove cellulite (7).

Image: Shutterstock

8. Reduces Dark Circles

Using cucumber slices around the eyes also reduces the appearance of dark circles quickly.

What You Need

  • Sliced cucumber
    Or
  • Cotton balls soaked in cucumber juice

What You Need To Do

  1. Place two slices of cucumbers on the eyes and leave them for 20 minutes.
  2. Alternatively, you can also soak two cotton balls in cucumber juice and place them on your eyes.

Why Does It Work

The abundance of antioxidants and silica in cucumber can help in slowly fading dark circles (6).Though cucumber cannot permanently cure your dark circles, it sure can make the skin around your eyes appear lighter on a temporary basis. The skin around our eyes is often found discolored, and these dark circles spoil the prettiest of faces. Cucumber comforts vessels around your eyes; hence helps bring back its normal tinge.

9. Treats Blemishes

You can use grated cucumber to treat freckles and blemishes.

What You Need

  • Cucumber juice or pulp
  • 1 teaspoon of oats

What You Need To Do

  1. Mix the oatmeal in the cucumber pulp and let it sit for half an hour.
  2. Apply it over the face and leave it on for 20 minutes.
  3. Then, wash your face with lukewarm water and follow it up by splashing cold water.

Why Does It Work

Cucumber contains anti-inflammatory properties that help soothe your skin (7).

10. Reduces Eye Wrinkles

Cucumber is a natural moisturizer and an unsung hero for newer anti-aging therapies or anti-wrinkling therapies. The skin around our eyes is the thinnest in our body. Placing cold cucumber slices on your eyes can hydrate your eyes and the skin around. This, in turn, can help reduce lines and wrinkles around eyes. Hydrated skin means smoother skin. You can actually call cucumber an eye moisturizer.

In addition, cucumber juice is rich in ascorbic acid, which was found to exhibit significant free radical scavenging activity as well as potent anti-hyaluronidase and anti-elastase activity (8). The researchers concluded that C. sativus warrants consideration for its potential use as an anti-wrinkle ingredient in cosmetic formulations.

11. Removing Excess Water

Cold cucumber slices on eyes helps remove excess water. This is a great way of drawing excess moisture out of the skin cells around eyes. This is believed to reduce swelling of the eyes.

12. Under Eye Bags

Cucumber also helps toning down of under eye bags. Take a small inch of a cold cucumber and make a fine paste by grinding it. Now add either lavender oil or chamomile oil to it along with some honey. Blend it well and make it into a fine paste. Now apply this under your eyes using your fingers lightly. Leave this on for around 10-15 minutes and wipe using a damp cloth. This will help a lot in reducing the under eye bags.

Hair Benefits Of Cucumber

13. Reduces Hair Fall

Drink cucumber juice daily to control hair fall.

What Do You Need

Cucumber juice

What You Need To Do

Apply cucumber juice to your hair and scalp. Leave it on for an hour and then shampoo.

Why Does It Work

The most important benefit of cucumber for hair can be attributed to its silicon, sulfur, sodium, phosphorus, and calcium content. These are among the nutrients most needed for hair growth (9).

14. Gives Shiny Hair

Cucumber juice can also be used as a hair rinse to get silky and shiny hair.

Why Does It Work

It conditions the hair owing to the presence of silica and makes it more beautiful (11).

Health Benefits Of Cucumber

Image: Shutterstock

15. Relieves Constipation

Daily consumption of cucumbers can be regarded as an effective laxative.

Why Does It Work

The amount of calories in cucumber is very low, but its fiber content adds to your bowel bulk and relieves problems like constipation (10).

16. Keeps Your Renal System Healthy

Cucumbers help treat problems arising in your urinary system.

What You Need

Cucumber juice

What You Need To Do

Drink cucumber juice twice, daily.

Why Does It Work

Cucumber juice is a potent diuretic food that helps flush out toxins from your body. It also eases the pressure on your kidneys and keeps them healthy (11).

17. Aids Digestion

Digestive problems like heartburn, acidity, gastritis, and ulcers can be cured by consuming cucumber.

What You Need

Sliced cucumber or cucumber juice

What You Need To Do

Include cucumber in your daily diet.

Why Does It Work

Cucumber contains a high amount of fiber that helps in digestion (12).

18. Fights Intestinal Worms

Cucumber is considered as a natural remedy to eliminate tapeworm from the intestinal tracts.

Why does It Work

Cucumber contains the enzyme erepsin that is known to kill tapeworms.

19. Maintains Electrolyte Balance

Cucumbers regulate the blood pressure level in your body at the optimum.

Why Does It Work

Cucumbers are one of the best sources of potassium and contain 147 milligrams of potassium per 100 grams (13). Potassium in the blood neutralizes the effects of sodium and helps maintain an electrolyte balance (14).

Image: Shutterstock

20. Reduces Inflammation

Fresh cucumber extracts are also known to reduce unwanted inflammation.

Why Does It Work

It accomplishes the task by inhibiting the production of prostaglandin, the inflammatory compound (18). Cucumber has a substance called beta-carotene. This acts as an anti-oxidant. It helps fight free radicals and controls damage. It also promotes healing. Cucumbers are also rich in flavonoids that are great for reducing inflammation (15).

21. Beneficial For Diabetics

Cucumbers are also an effective treatment for diabetes.

Why Does It Work

Cucumber juice contains hormones that are needed by the pancreas for producing insulin (16).

22. Is A Cancer Preventive

A recent study has found cucumber to be an effective remedy to fight different kinds of cancer.

Why Does It Work

Cucumbers are known to contain lignans that are found to reduce the risk of developing breast cancer, uterine cancer, and prostate cancer (17). It has some of the most important ingredients such as lariciresinol, pinoresinol, secoisolariciresinol that help in reducing the risk of all types of cancer. It has got photo-nutrients known as lignans that help in preventing cancer. Vitamin C found in cucumber seeds acts as an antioxidant and also improves the immunity system.

Image: Shutterstock

23. Good For Dental Health

Cucumber also combats bad breath.

What You Need

Cucumber slice

What You Need To Do

Take a slice of cucumber and press it to the roof of the mouth with your tongue for 30 seconds.

Why Does It Work

The fruit releases phytochemicals that kill the bad breath causing bacteria (21). Cucumber juice can effectively treat gum diseases like pyorrhoea and weak gums. Cucumber keeps gums and teeth healthy as it removes bad odor from the mouth. The photochemical present in it kills the bacteria in the mouth. Regular consumption of cucumber with the seeds neutralizes acids in the mouth and promotes salivation.

24. Cures Hangover

Cucumber can also be used to cure a hangover and the headache associated with it.

What You Need

Few slices of cucumber

What You Need To Do

Eat a few cucumber slices before going to bed.

Why Does It Work

This is because they help to rehydrate the body’s nutrients and eliminate the toxins that are present due to the intake of alcohol. The sugar, vitamin B, and electrolytes in cucumber will reduce the intensity of the hangover and the headache (18).

25. Good For Treating Blood Pressure Issues

Cucumber can also help lower blood pressure.

Why Does It Work

Cucumber has mild diuretic properties owing to its high potassium and water content that regulate blood pressure and treat both high and low blood pressure (19).

Image: Shutterstock

26. Detoxifies Your Body

One of the most common benefits of cucumber is that it is a great detox.

Why Does It Work

Cucumber contains 95 percent water that hydrates and replenishes the body by eliminating the toxins. The high water content in cucumber acts as a system cleanser and sweeps the waste products out of the system (20).

27. Strengthens Bones

Cucumber is also known as a great remedy to strengthen your bones.

Why Does It Work

Vitamin K in cucumbers plays a very important role in strengthening bones by promoting orthotropic activity. Also, the high amount of silica in it promotes joint health by strengthening the connective tissue.

28. Treats Alzheimer’s

Another benefit of cucumber is its ability to treat cognitive disabilities like Alzheimer’s disease.

Why Does It Work

Cucumbers contain a flavonoid called fisetin that is neuroprotective and enhances cognitive abilities, thereby delaying the onset of Alzheimer’s (21).

29. Aids In Weight Loss

Cucumber seeds also help in losing weight and prevent indigestion, as the seeds and pulp have a low calorie count, high water content and replete with vitamins and fiber.

30. Benefits To The Nervous System

Cucumber has copper minerals that help in creating neurotransmitters that are essential for proper communication in the brain.

Other Benefits

31. Acts As A Stain Remover

Cucumber can also be used to remove stubborn stains and tarnish from stainless steel tools, countertops, and walls in the house as well as restore the lost shine.

What You Need

Slices of cucumber

What You Need to Do

Polish your vessels with slices of cucumber.

Why Does It Work

The chemicals found in cucumber prove to be very useful in making your pots and pans shine.

32. Controls Pests

Cucumber is also known to help get rid of pests.

What You Need

Cucumber slices

What You Need To Do

Place slices of cucumbers in containers around the garden to control slugs and pests in the area.

Why Does It Work

The chemical in these vegetables releases a scent that wards off the pests and insects.

In addition, cucumber has major benefits as a food rather than as topical application. It is one of the most alkaline foods, and thanks to its triterpenes, it may work well to regulate diseases that involve the immune system.

Side Effects Of Cucumber

Sometimes, cucumbers have side effects that manifest differently in different people. Some of these reactions are discussed along with the precautions that should be practiced:

  1. Allergies, especially around the oral cavity, itchiness, and swelling may also develop. This can be avoided by cooking the fruit rather than eating it in its raw form.
  1. Cucumber can also lead to gastritis problems in some people that are mainly caused due to a compound known as cucurbitacin. This can be avoided by eating cucumbers that have undergone breeding or whose compound has been removed.
  1. Cucumber can also cause toxicity and baldness caused by the chemicals found in them. This usually happens when one consumes excess cucumber.

Nutritional Value Of Cucumber

Here is the nutritional overview of cucumber:

PrincipleNutrient ValuePercentage of RDA
Energy15 Kcal
Carbohydrates3.63 g3%
Protein0.65 g1%
Total Fat0.11 g0.5%
Cholesterol0 mg0%
Dietary Fibre0.5 g1%
Vitamins
Folates7 µg2%
Niacin0.098 mg
Pantothenic acid0.259 mg5%
Pyridoxine0.040 mg3%
Riboflavin0.033 mg3%
Thiamin0.027 mg2%
Vitamin A105 IU3.5%
Vitamin C2.8 mg4.5%
Vitamin E0.03 mg0%
Vitamin K16.4 µg13.6%
Electrolytes
Sodium2 mg0%
Potassium147 mg3%
Minerals
Calcium16 mg1.6%
Iron0.28 mg3.5%
Magnesium13 mg3%
Manganese0.079 mg3.5%
Phosphorus24 mg3%
Phosphorus
Zinc0.20 mg2%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-ß45 µg
Crypto-xanthin-ß26 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin23 µg

Selection

When buying cucumbers, make sure that they are fresh. The color of the cucumbers should be light to dark green, and they should be firm in texture. Avoid buying cucumbers that have spots or cuts and are yellow in color. Also, wash them thoroughly before eating to remove pesticides and other harmful chemicals.

Stylecraze Says
Cucumbers require a lot of water to grow. If you are growing them at home, place them near the sunniest window or area possible to prevent them from becoming leggy.

Storage

Cucumbers can be stored in the refrigerator for almost a week. If you have peeled the cucumber, then you can store it in an airtight container to prevent moisture from escaping. For optimum nutrition, a cucumber should be eaten within two to three days of purchasing. Also, they should not be left at room temperature for a long time as this can make them limp and wilt.

Infographic: Cucumber: Everything You Need to Know!

The cool cucumber offers so many benefits to us, from speedy relief from sunburn to reviving your hair and skin. It is all due to its high nutritional content and the presence of helpful components like antioxidants.

Check out the infographic below for more information about its different varieties, nutritional value, how to incorporate it into your diet, and some fascinating facts about this refreshing vegetable!

interesting facts about cucumber [infographic]

Illustration: StyleCraze Design Team

Cool cucumbers boost hydration and soothe the senses. They offer dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals, and other potent antioxidants. The benefits of cucumbers include improved heart, teeth, and nervous system health and better weight loss and diabetes management. They also are good for your hair and skin. However, excess intake may cause gastritis, among other side effects. If you experience any adverse effects, limit your consumption and seek medical advice.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can cucumber reduce belly fat?

Cucumbers are high in water, low in calories, and great for a flat stomach. They will not cause bloating and may promote satiety, aiding in weight loss.

How many cucumbers should I eat a day?

There is no recommended dosage of cucumbers. However, eating one cucumber a day can be great.

Should I peel cucumber?

Not necessarily. Consuming unpeeled cucumbers help to reap their full nutrient content.

21 Sources

Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Read our editorial policy to learn more.

  1. Skin Care with Herbal Exfoliants
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/224892687_Skin_Care_with_Herbal_Exfoliants
  2. HERBAL ACTIVE INGREDIENTS USED IN SKIN COSMETICS
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338742749_HERBAL_ACTIVE_INGREDIENTS_USED_IN_SKIN_COSMETICS
  3. Iminosugar idoBR1 Isolated from Cucumber Cucumis sativus Reduces Inflammatory Activity
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7346245/
  4. Phytochemical and therapeutic potential of cucumber
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  5. Inhibitory effect of Cucumis sativus on melanin production in melanoma B16 cells by downregulation of tyrosinase expression
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  6. Health Benefits of Cucumber
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344192165_Health_Benefits_of_Cucumber
  7. Phytochemical and therapeutic potential of cucumber
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  8. Cucumis sativus fruit-potential antioxidant anti-hyaluronidase and anti-elastase agent
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  9. Survey of use of herbal and home remedies for hair and scalp among women in North West Saudi Arabia
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  10. Health Benefits of Fruits and Vegetables
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  11. Effects of Chemical and Natural Additives on Cucumber Juice’s Quality Shelf Life and Safety
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7281498/
  12. Health Beneficial Effects of Cucumber
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/351580539_Health_Beneficial_Effects_of_Cucumber
  13. Cucumber raw
    https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/1103352/nutrients
  14. Electrolytes
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK541123/
  15. Antioxidants and Health-Beneficial Nutrients in Fruits of Eighteen Cucurbita Cultivars: Analysis of Diversity and Dietary Implications
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7221643/
  16. THE EFFECT OF CUCUMIS SATIVUS (CUCUMBER) ON BLOOD GLUCOSE CONCENTRATION AND BLOOD PRESSURE OF APPARENTLY HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS IN PORT HARCOURT
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  17. Anti-cancer activity of Cucumis sativus (cucumber) flowers against human liver cancer
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  18. Protective effect of heat-treated cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) juice on alcohol detoxification in experimental rats
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  21. Modulation of multiple pathways involved in the maintenance of neuronal function during aging by fisetin
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2775892/


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