8 Yoga Mudras To Overcome Any Ailments

Reviewed by Anirudh Gupta, Certified Yoga Instructor
Written by Ramona Sinha

Yoga is not only an exercise but a form of spiritual practice to improve one’s physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. It doesn’t only refer to twisting and curling your body into different shapes and poses, but it also involves some specific mudras posed during meditation. Mudras mean gestures adopted during pranayama and meditation that directs and regulates the flow of energy into our body. Yogic tantras say that these mudra yoga techniques stimulate different areas of the brain.

Hand Yoga Mudra And Their Benefits

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There are many different yoga mudras and each of them have a different benefit. Below is the explanation for each.

1.  Gyan Mudra

This is the first yoga mudra pose known as Gyan Mudra or the Mudra of Knowledge.

How to do?

Practice this mudra when meditating. It’s perfect when you do it before sunrise, at the time of Brahma Muhurta. Touch the tip of your index finger with the tip of your thumb. The other three fingers, you may keep it straight or just keep it free, doesn’t matter even if they are slightly bent. This is a very commonly used mudra when practicing meditations.


This is a very beneficial mudra and anyone can practice this.


  • As the name suggests, this mudra is meant to increase your concentration and memory power.
  • This mudra sharpens your brain power.
  • Practice this mudra regularly to heal yourself of all mental and psychological disorders like anger, stress, anxiety or even depression.

2. Vayu Mudra

How to do?

This mudra can be practiced in a standing, sitting, or an assumed supine posture. Fold your index finger. As you fold your index finger, you can prominently see two bones of the said finger. They are called phalanx bones. It is the second bone that needs to be secured and pressed down onto the mound of the palm by the thumb as shown in the above picture. The rest of the three fingers should be kept extended as much as possible.

Do this at any time of the day as per your convenience. There is also no compulsion of doing this at an empty stomach. You may also practice this mudra with a full stomach.

[ Read: Yoga For Reduce Stress ]


Once you achieve the benefits from this mudra, stop doing it. After a certain time, it may cause imbalance within your system.


As the name suggests vaayu mudra, it balances the air element within your body. This mudra releases excess wind from stomach and body, thereby reducing rheumatic and chest pain and helping in relieving abdominal gas.

3. Agni Mudra (Mudra of Fire)

How to do?

Fold your ring finger and press the second phalanx with the base of your thumb while resting the bent finger on the mound of the palm. Keep the rest of the fingers straight. This mudra should be practiced only in sitting position early in the morning with an empty stomach. Maintain this mudra for atleast 15 minutes every day.


But if you are suffering from acidity or indigestion, avoid this mudra.


  • It helps to dissolve the extra fat boosting metabolism and controls obesity.
  • Quickens digestion.
  • Improves body strength.
  • Reduces stress and tension.
  • Controls high cholesterol levels.

[ Read: Simple Yoga For De-Stress Yourself ]

4. Prithvi Mudra (Mudra of Earth)

How to do?

Touch the tip of your ring finger with the tip of your thumb. Pressing the tips of these two fingers, keep the rest of the fingers extended out.

It is preferable that you perform this mudra in the morning. However you may even do it at any time of the day and for any duration. As the name suggests, it is a grounding mudra, and hence, a lotus stance is very helpful to reap benefits of this mudra. Sit in a padmasana keeping the palms of both your hands on your knees with straight elbows. Perform this asana when you feel stressed out and exhausted. Padmasana accompanied by this mudra will immediately perk you up. This is also an amazing mudra yoga for glowing skin.


Nothing at all. Perform this asana freely. But since this mudra is assumed in a lotus position, care should be taken not to sit too long so that no stiffness or discomfort is felt in the knee or the hip joint.


  • Increases patience and tolerance.
  • Increases concentration while meditating.
  • Helps strengthen weak and lean bones.
  • It reduces weakness, exhaustion, and dullness of mind by creating a grounding effect as the name of this mudra suggests.

[ Read: Remedies To Treat Nervous Weakness ]

5. Varun Mudra (Mudra of Water)

This is the best yogic mudra for your outer beauty. It has a positive effect on your skin and keeps it away off all problems. A very effective yoga asana for your overall health let us learn to do this mudra with perfection.

How to do?

Lightly touch the tip of your little finger with the tip of your thumb. The rest of the fingers should be kept straight. There is no specific time to perform this mudra. You may do it at any time of the day and in any position, but sitting cross-legged when doing this mudra is preferable.


Take care not to press the tip of the little finger near the nail. That will cause dehydration instead of balancing the water level in your body.


A number of benefits can be achieved by doing this mudra:

  • Varun Mudra balances the water content in our body.
  • It activates fluid circulation within the body keeping it moisturized always.
  • It relieves skin issues like dryness, skin diseases, and skin infections.
  • It adds a natural glow and luster to your face.
  • Varun Mudra also relieves and prevents any muscle pains that you may suffer from.

6. Shunya Mudra (Mudra Of Emptiness)

How to do it?

Press the first phalanx of your middle finger with the thumb.


  • Practicing this mudra with full concentration is suggestive of relieving ear ailments.
  • It is also very helpful if someone is deaf or mentally challenged. But those who are handicapped inborn won’t benefit from this mudra.


After you are cured of these diseases, stop practicing this mudra.

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7. Surya Mudra (Mudra Of The Sun)

How to do it?

Press your ring finger and press it with the thumb just as shown in the picture.


  • It is quite beneficial when it comes to reducing bad cholesterol.
  • Want to lose weight? This is an amazing yoga mudra for weight loss that comes handy.
  • Reduces anxiety.
  • Also improves your digestion.

8. Prana Mudra (Mudra Of Life)

This is a very important mudra as it activates the energy in your body.

How to do it?

This yoga mudra pose should be accompanied along with padmasana. Bend your ring finger and little finger and touch the tip of both these fingers with the tip of your thumb.

There is no specific time to perform this asana. Any time of the day will be suitable.


  • This mudra improves your immune system.
  • It also increases your eye power and stimulates the eyes.
  • It reduces fatigue and tiredness.

These are some very important mudras in yoga and are beneficial for your health. Practice them every day and integrate them with your breath.

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Ramona is a journalist-turned-content writer. She holds a Master’s degree in English Literature and has been writing for the digital world for over five years. She specializes in writing for Skin Care. She has done a certificate course titled ‘Dermatology: Trip To The Skin’, offered by Novosibirsk State University. She believes that beauty begins with a good skin care regimen and is on a mission to eliminate all toxins from her routine. She helps and guides readers in selecting products and ingredients specific to their skin type/issue. When Ramona is not working, her books and passion for music, good food, and traveling keep her busy.