Oh yes, this grain is used for preparing anything from bread to whiskeys. But what’s important is the benefits it can offer – the amazing benefits that will sure make you rise for rye.
Table Of Contents
- What Is Rye?
- What Is The History Of Rye?
- What Is The Nutritional Profile Of Rye?
- What Are The Different Types Of Rye?
- What Are The Health Benefits Of Rye?
- What’s The Difference Between Rye Flour And Wheat Flour?
- How To Select And Store Rye
- Any Tips On Preparation And Cooking Of Rye?
- Any Popular Rye Recipes?
- Where To Buy Rye Flour
- Any Side Effects Of Rye?
What Is Rye?
Scientifically called Secale cereale, rye is a grass that is grown primarily as a grain in various parts of the globe. It is closely related to wheat and barley. The grain is used for preparing rye flour, rye bread, rye beer, crisp bread, some whiskeys and vodkas, and animal fodder.
And by the way, rye is different from ryegrass, which is used as hay for livestock.
That’s a bit about rye. But its history is what you might be interested in.
What Is The History Of Rye?
Rye is historically also known as the poor man’s grain, given that it can be grown anywhere. Domesticated rye was found in parts of ancient Turkey. Since the Middle Ages, rye had seen widespread cultivation in Central and Eastern Europe.
Rye has a history that dates back to 400 BC, and it became the most common cereal grain during the Iron Age. Most central European countries have rich histories making breads using rye. This is because the crop is easy to grow in most parts.
Rye was brought to the Americas by the English and Dutch travelers. In most areas of France and Germany and the northern part of Hungary, rye is still used as the main bread cereal.
The nutritional facts of rye might interest you even more – as they form the foundation of what you will be reading ahead.
What Is The Nutritional Profile Of Rye?
Rye flour is loaded with essential nutrients like protein, phosphorus, magnesium, and zinc.
|Amount Per 100 grams|
|% Daily Value*|
|Total Fat 1.6 g||2%|
|Saturated fat 0.2 g||1%|
|Polyunsaturated fat 0.8 g|
|Monounsaturated fat 0.2 g|
|Trans fat 0 g|
|Cholesterol 0 mg||0%|
|Sodium 2 mg||0%|
|Potassium 510 mg||14%|
|Total Carbohydrate 76 g||25%|
|Dietary fiber 15 g||60%|
|Sugar 1 g|
|Protein 10 g||20%|
|*Per cent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.|
Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
1 cup of rye flour (128 grams) contains 416 calories and 88 grams of carbohydrates 3 grams of fat. Other nutrients in rye include:
- 20.4 grams of protein
- 31 grams of fiber
- 639 milligrams of phosphorus (64% of the daily value)
- 205 milligrams of magnesium (51% of the daily value)
- 6.5 milligrams of zinc (43% of the daily value)
- 6.4 milligrams of iron (36% of the daily value)
- 0.6 milligrams of vitamin B6 (28% of the daily value)
- 5.5 milligrams of niacin (27% of the daily value)
- 918 milligrams of potassium (26% of the daily value)
- 0.3 milligrams of riboflavin (19% of the daily value)
- 3.5 milligrams of vitamin E (11.7% of the daily value)
- 7.6 micrograms of vitamin K (9% of the daily value)
There are numerous other nutrients in rye that offer wonderful benefits. Before we move on to the amazing rye benefits, we suggest you take a glance at the different types of rye available.
What Are The Different Types Of Rye?
When we say ‘types of rye’, we mean rye in its different usable forms.
- Rye berries, which are the whole rye kernels.
- Cracked rye, which is the rye equivalent of steel-cut oats.
- Rye flakes, which are created the same way as rolled oats – the rye berries are first steamed and then rolled and dried.
- Rye flour, which is most commonly used in rye bread. It comes in light, medium, and dark varieties – with the dark variant having the strongest flavor.
We also have different rye breads – one is the marble rye bread, which is made from light rye dough and dark rye dough that are both rolled to form a single bread. And then, we have pumpernickel bread, which is made from coarsely ground rye berries.
That’s about the nuts and bolts of rye. And now, we head to the real deal.
[ Read: Vegetables That Boost Hair Growth ]
What Are The Health Benefits Of Rye?
Rye is mostly made of fiber, which contributes to most of its benefits. The fiber in rye can aid weight loss and help prevent several forms of cancer. Rye also regulates blood sugar levels and reduces diabetes risk. And the antioxidants it contains combat free radicals and offer excellent anti-aging benefits.
1. Aids Weight Loss
This is especially true with rye bread – and when you have it for breakfast, it simply means you are a step ahead in your weight loss journey. This is because rye bread contains four times the fiber and 20% fewer calories than in the usual white bread. Rye bread increases satiety – it suppresses your appetite, eventually controlling weight gain (1).
Studies show that rye bread can decrease someone’s hunger for as long as 8 hours. Due to this very reason, it might help you lose body fat. And so is the case with rye flour as well. It can help you lose inches from your waist.
2. Cuts Diabetes Risk
One study states how rye bread and rye flakes can help control postprandial blood glucose levels. The rye products even benefit the hormonal responses in diabetics (2).
Whole grain rye bread was also found to improve various metabolic factors in diabetics. It can even cut the risk of type 2 diabetes (3).
The fiber in rye also helps regulate blood sugar levels – and since it controls appetite, it can also prevent diabetes-related obesity.
3. Prevents Gallstones
Though research is less on this, one Swedish study talks about how ingesting a composition containing rye had resulted in a reduced risk of developing gallstones in hamsters (4).
4. Prevents Heart Disease
Rye is a whole grain, and studies say that whole grains are good for the heart. They are replete with fiber, which helps lower cholesterol levels and cuts down the risk of heart disease. Taking 25-30 grams of fiber a day is ideal – and this means at least 3 servings of rye (along with other whole grains) a day (5).
Rye is also rich in magnesium, another mineral that lowers blood pressure and helps prevent heart attacks. The fiber in rye might also prevent arterial blockages.
5. Helps Prevent Cancer
Several studies report this. In one study, it was found that people who consumed rye bread as kids had almost halved their risk of developing prostate cancer.
Authentic whole grain rye bread can offer protection against colorectal cancer. In one study, whole grain rye had reduced the levels of bile acids in the stomach, and this was seen to cut the risk of colon cancer by as much as 26%. Another Finnish study talks about how whole grain rye can reduce the risk of breast cancer (6). All of this can be attributed to the high levels of fiber and antioxidants in rye.
6. Fights Inflammation
Though we have less research, some sources suggest that rye might reduce inflammation that is caused by metabolic syndrome. And since inflammation can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, this property can cut diabetes risk as well.
7. Downregulates Dangerous Genes
All this while, we have been thinking that certain genes in the body can make a person more susceptible to various conditions. Though that might be true to some extent, the good news is with changes in diet and lifestyle, one can train these genes to be downregulated. As per studies, replacing an oat-wheat-potato diet with rye foods can help downregulate those genes that can cause diabetes and other health issues.
8. Improves Menstrual Health
We have less information on this as well. However, one study talks about how rye bread can improve the bowel function in postmenopausal women – and this is attributed to the high fiber content in rye (7).
Rye bread might also help treat hormonal imbalances. But we need more research on this.
9. Promotes Digestive Health
Given that rye is replete with fiber, it works wonderfully well to enhance your digestive health. It also aids waste elimination, thereby treating constipation.
Rye is also a well-known prebiotic – it boosts the levels of gut-friendly bacteria. And this greatly improves your digestive health. More importantly, the fiber in rye has an unusually high water binding capacity – this produces a pronounced feeling of fullness. It can help protect your digestive health by discouraging you from overeating – as overeating can also harm your gut health.
Studies have also shown how rye can improve the composition of the gut microbiota (8). The fiber in rye can also boost your metabolism.
10. Eliminates Toxins
Though we have very less research on this, rye might help eliminate toxins through its fiber content. As we know, fiber aids waste elimination – and this can free your body of toxins.
11. Strengthens Bones And Teeth
Rye is a good source of calcium and magnesium and a great source of manganese. It also contains a decent amount of phosphorus – all of which help build strong bones and teeth.
12. Improves Skin And Hair Health
Rye, and especially rye flour, works as an excellent skin cleanser. You can simply apply the flour to your face after you take a bath and wash it off after 15 minutes.
Other minerals in rye, like zinc, magnesium, calcium, and iron, help beat the signs of early aging. Rye flour works fine on wrinkles and fine lines and blemishes.
The antioxidants in rye combat the free radicals, which also contribute to premature aging.
Rye works well for hair health as well. Rye flour can be used as a shampoo – it can make your hair smooth and strong. You can use a mixture of rye flour and water in the place of your shampoo. Wash after massaging it on your hair for a few minutes.
The magnesium in rye can promote hair growth as well. Regularly washing your hair with rye flour can give you long and healthy hair.
That’s with the goodness of rye. But there is one question that has been hanging in the air since time immemorial. And that is –
What’s The Difference Between Rye Flour And Wheat Flour?
In case you are wondering which of the two you must go for, we are here to help you. There are certain differences between the two that can put your confusion to rest.
- Rye flour is far higher in proline, which is an essential amino acid that builds proteins. Higher concentrations of proline were linked to lower growth of acrylamide, a chemical compound that can lead to the formation of cancerous cells.
- Wheat bread has more protein than rye bread (6 grams/2 slices and 5.4 grams/2 slices, respectively), but rye bread has more fiber (3.7 grams per 2 slices) while 2 slices of wheat bread contain 2.4 grams of fiber.
- Rye bread also contains 20% fewer calories than wheat bread.
- Rye contains more soluble fibers than wheat.
- Wheat triggers a higher insulin response in the body compared to rye, which basically means the body tends to store more fat upon the ingestion of wheat than that of rye.
We guess the confusion has been laid to rest, right? Rye is a better option any given day. But wait, how do you select the right kind of rye? And what about the storage?
How To Select And Store Rye
The process with which you select and store rye (or any whole grain for that matter) is simple.
- Check for the expiry date before taking the pack. Ensure the pack is the freshest. We know this is obvious; in fact, it is so obvious that we often miss it.
- If you are picking rye from a bulk bin, sniff to check if the grains are fresh. They must have either no aroma or a slightly sweet and grassy scent. If they smell oily or anything else, just pass them by.
Store the grains in a sealed container and mark the date. You can then put it in the refrigerator and use the grains within 6 months.
Once you have bought and stored them, what do you do next? Well, we want to help you here too!
Any Tips On Preparation And Cooking Of Rye?
- Place rye grains under cool running water and rinse thoroughly to eliminate dust and other unwanted particles from them.
- For a softer rye, soak the washed rye grains overnight. For 1 portion of rye, add 2½ portions of water and simmer for about 180 minutes.
- If you are using the flakes, add 3 portions of water to every 1 portion of rye flakes.
- You can also replace wheat flour with rye flour for your pancake, bread, or muffin recipes.
- You can also use cooked rye berries as a side dish for a variety of meals.
That’s a bit about what you can do with rye. But there is more to it. And these recipes will show you.
Any Popular Rye Recipes?
1. Homemade Rye Bread
What You Need
- 1 ½ tablespoons of yeast
- 2 cups of warm water
- 1 ½ teaspoons of salt
- 1 ½ tablespoons of caraway seeds
- ½ cup of rye flour
- 3 cups of all-purpose flour
- Cornmeal, as required
- ¼ teaspoon of cornstarch
- ¼ cup of water
- In a bowl, combine the yeast, water, salt, caraway, and the rye flour. Now, add the all-purpose flour, one cup at a time. Ensure you form a dough ball that doesn’t stick to the sides of the bowl. The dough should be soft and not stiff. And it must not be sticky.
- Transfer the dough to a lightly greased bowl. Cover it with a dish towel and let it rise until it doubles (this might take an hour).
- Shape it into a loaf by stretching the dough from the top center of the ball and over the edges.
- Dust a wooden cutting board with the cornmeal. Put the loaf on the board and allow it rise for another 40 minutes.
- Preheat a baking stone in the oven to 450o F. Place a shallow pan on the rack below the baking stone.
- Dissolve the cornstarch in one-fourth cup of water. Microwave it for 45 seconds. Brush the cornstarch liquid on top of the loaf. Cut several parallel lines on the top of the loaf.
- Directly bake the loaf on the stone. Add water from a tall glass into the shallow pan below. Wait for it to pop and sizzle and steam. Close the oven door and bake for 30 minutes.
2. Danish Rye Bread Porridge
What You Need
- ½ pound of stale rye bread, sliced into 1-inch cubes
- 8 oz of dark, malty beer
- 2/3 cup of apple juice
- 1 strip of orange peel
- ¼ cup of malt syrup
- 1 teaspoon of ground cinnamon
- 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract
- ½ teaspoon of ground cardamom
- 2 tablespoons of unsalted butter
- ¼ teaspoon of kosher salt
- 4 tablespoons of heavy cream
- Fresh fruit (optional)
- In a medium bowl, combine the rye bread and beer. Cover the bowl and let the contents soak overnight (at room temperature).
- Transfer this bread mixture to a medium saucepan. Add the apple juice, half a cup of water, the orange peel, malt syrup, vanilla, cinnamon, and cardamom. Bring to a boil over medium heat.
- Lower the heat and bring the mixture to a simmer. Keep stirring occasionally and cook. Also, keep crushing the chunks of bread with the back of the spoon. Do it for about 5 minutes.
- Remove the pot from the heat and add the butter and salt. Stir. Now, remove the orange peel. Divide the porridge among bowls (should serve 4), and top each bowl with heavy cream.
The recipes are sure to be remembered at your home. But for that, you need to first get the rye (flour), right?
Where To Buy Rye Flour
You can get rye flour from the nearest grocery store. Or buy it online on Walmart or Amazon.
Though there are a lot of great things about rye, there are a few things that tell everything in nature has two sides.
Any Side Effects Of Rye?
- Gluten Issues
Rye is a glutenous food, so if you are sensitive to gluten, it is best to avoid this grain altogether.
- Issues With Pregnancy And Breastfeeding
We don’t know what would happen if one takes rye during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Hence, stay safe and avoid use.
Forget about the whiskeys (for now). Look at including rye in your diet – as the benefits are simply powerful. Also, tell us how this post has helped you. Simply leave a comment below.
Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions
What is the glycemic index of rye bread?
One slice of rye bread has a glycemic index of 41, which is on the lower end.
What are the health benefits of rye whiskey?
Rye whiskey can cut the risk of cancer and heart disease as per certain studies. The ellagic acid from rye grains has antioxidant power and can cut disease risk. One popular rye whiskey is Knob Creek Rye.
Can you toast rye bread?
Yes. And the process is similar to any kind of bread. Place the rye bread in the toaster and toast until it is dry and slightly crispy.
What are the health benefits of rye flakes?
Similar to that of rye.
Any uses of ryegrass?
The grass can be used to create a green lawn in winter – this can be achieved by overseeding an existing lawn. And like we discussed, it also can be used as hay for livestock.
What are the health benefits of sourdough rye bread?
The bread improves glucose intolerance. Sourdough basically improves the texture and palatability of the products, and this means it improves the quality of the rye bread.
1. “Effect of rye bread…”. US National Library of Medicine.
2. “Rye products in the diabetic diet…”. US National Library of Medicine.
3. “Effects of whole grain rye…”. US National Library of Medicine.
4. “Dietary effects of barley fibre…”. US National Library of Medicine.
5. “You’ve gotta have heart”. UC San Diego Health.
6. “Can rye intake decrease risk of…”. US National Library of Medicine.
7. “High-fiber rye bread improves bowel function…”. ScienceDirect.
8. “Contribution of diet to the…”. US National Library of Medicine.