Macadamia nuts are considered the world’s finest nuts (1). Macadamia nuts are small buttery flavoured nuts cultivated from macadamia nut trees that are grown in tropical climates of Australia, Brazil, Indonesia, Kenya, New Zealand and South Africa. Although Australia is the largest producer of Macadamia nuts, nuts cultivated in Hawaii are the most acclaimed for their delicious taste. Their delicate flavour and crunchy texture makes them a delight to consume.
There are about seven species of Macadamia nut grown all over the world, but only two are edible and are cultivated in horticultural farms all over the world. These two species are Macadamia integrifolia which produces smooth shelled nuts and Macadamia tetraphylla nuts which produces rough shelled nuts.
Macadamias are a rich source of Vitamin A, iron, protein, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and folates. They also contain moderate amounts of zinc, copper, calcium, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. Macadamia contains antioxidants like polyphenols, Amino acids, flavones and selenium. It is also a good source of carbohydrates like sucrose, fructose, glucose, maltose and some starch based carbohydrates.
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USDA Health Chart:
|Total lipid (fat)||g||75.77||101.53||21.48|
|Carbohydrate, by difference||g||13.82||18.52||3.92|
|Fiber, total dietary||g||8.6||11.5||2.4|
|Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid||mg||1.2||1.6||0.3|
|Vitamin A, RAE||µg||0||0||0|
|Vitamin A, IU||IU||0||0||0|
|Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)||mg||0.54||0.72||0.15|
|Vitamin D (D2 + D3)||µg||0.0||0.0||0.0|
|Fatty acids, total saturated||g||12.061||16.162||3.419|
|Fatty acids, total monounsaturated||g||58.877||78.895||16.692|
|Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated||g||1.502||2.013||0.426|
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Health benefits of Macadamia:
Eating nuts on a regular basis has a positive effect on the health. These sweet, creamy, crunchy, and luxurious nuts are more often than not thought of as high fat indulgence rather than health food. But Macadamia contains a range of nutritious and health promoting nutrients that make them an important part of our daily diet. A balanced diet containing macadamias promotes good health, longevity and a reduction in regenerative diseases.
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1. Heart disease:
Macadamia are 100% cholesterol free and are highly beneficial to reduce cholesterol level (2). These nuts are rich in healthy monounsaturated fats which are said to be cardio protective by reducing cholesterol level and help to clean the arteries. Macadamia also lowers the level of triglycerides, which is a kind of body fat and reduces the risk of coronary disease.