9 Amazing Health Benefits Of Almond Oil And Side Effects

From promoting skin health to treating cradle crap – there is nothing this oil can’t do.

Medically reviewed by Jess Wharton, RN Jess Wharton Jess WhartonRN facebook_iconinsta_icon
Written by , BSc, Professional Certificate in Food, Nutrition and Health Ravi Teja Tadimalla BSc, Professional Certificate in Food, Nutrition and Health linkedin_icon Experience: 8 years
Edited by , BA (Literature & Psychology), PG Diploma Arshiya Syeda BA (Literature & Psychology), PG Diploma linkedin_icon Experience: 7 years
Fact-checked by , BEd, MSc (Microbiology), Diploma In Nutrition Aparna Mallampalli BEd, MSc (Microbiology), Diploma In Nutrition linkedin_icon Experience: 5 years
 • 

Almond oil benefits your health in so many ways, and its global market value was expected to reach a mammoth $2680 million by 2023 (1).

It is a well-known fact that almonds are highly nutritious and ideal for enhancing the taste and visual appeal of any given dish. Of late, their oil is also a common feature in cosmetic products and medicines.

The vitamin E content in almond oil acts as an antioxidant, while its unsaturated fatty acids help boost heart health. In this article, we dig deeper into these benefits of almond oil and find out how you can make it at home and the best ways to include it in your diet. Read on!

protip_icon Know Your Ingredient: Almond Oil

What Is It?
Oil extracted from almonds that has a light sweet and nutty smell

What Are Its Benefits?
Almond oil increases good cholesterol levels, protects the heart, reduces oxidative stress in the scalp, improves skin tone, and fades acne scars.

Who Can Use It?
Suitable for all people.

How Often?
It can be used daily.

Caution
People on medication for low glucose levels should use almond oil in limited amounts.

Why Almond Oil? How Is It Good For You?

Almond oil is extracted from almonds – which are the edible seeds of the almond tree (called Prunus dulcis). Almond trees come in both sweet and bitter varieties.

Sweet almonds are what we usually eat and use in foods. Bitter almonds can be toxic as they contain prussic acid, a form of cyanide that may cause poisoning (2). The acid might be removed during the manufacturing process of almond oil (bitter almonds may also be used in its preparation, though not often).

Sweet almond oil is almost always used in scientific studies, given its safety. It has a nutty smell with a light sweetness.

Sweet almond oil is different from the bitter variant. Sweet almond oil is celebrated for its mild, nutty aroma, making it a popular choice in skin care products and as a massaging oil. It serves as a fantastic moisturizer and can soothe various skin irritations. Additionally, it is a go-to option in culinary applications due to its neutral taste.

In contrast, bitter almond oil is extracted from bitter almonds and possesses a more robust, natural almond scent. However, it contains amygdalin, a compound that can transform into cyanide, rendering it unfit for consumption. As a result, this oil finds its place primarily in scented cosmetics and perfumes.

But if you want to go for sweet almond oil, you need to choose the unrefined version. It is also called cold-pressed oil, and it usually has better nutritive properties than the refined variants. Cold-pressed oils do not undergo chemical or heat treatments (3). Unrefined almond oil is made by pressing raw almonds without using chemical agents or high temperatures. This process retains most of its nutrients. It is the best choice and has no preservatives (3).

It is believed that the refined oil has its vitamin E replaced (almost) by a chemical antioxidant. Hence, avoid this variant.

Almond oil is heavily researched. The oil elevates good cholesterol levels and protects the heart. Using almond oil for skin also works wonders by improving complexion and helping to fade scars (4).

Studies attribute the cholesterol-lowering properties of almond oil to its high content of monounsaturated fatty acids (5). The major fatty acids in the oil are oleic acid (a monounsaturated fatty acid ranging from 63% to 78%) and linoleic acid (a polyunsaturated fatty acid ranging from 12% to 27%) (6).

How you can use almond oil to boost your health status is interesting. The research we have included will give you a better perspective.

Note: In this post, ‘almond oil’ refers to sweet almond oil.

What Are The Health Benefits Of Almond Oil?

The unsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E are the most important nutrients in the oil. The healthy fats promote heart health and aid diabetes treatment. The vitamin E in the oil enhances skin health.

1. May Promote Skin Health

Woman applying almond oil to skin
Image: Shutterstock

Almond oil can rejuvenate the skin and improve your complexion. These properties might help reduce acne scars (4).

The oil is replete with vitamin E that works wonders on your skin. It can treat acne and reduce inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory properties. It achieves this by preventing lipid peroxidationi  The process in which free radicals or oxidants take electrons from lipids, thus resulting in cell damage. that is caused by acne-causing bacteria. However, we need a better understanding of this vitamin to evaluate its effectiveness on skin health (7).

Topical vitamin E was also found to protect the skin from photoagingi  Commonly referred to as sun damage, it occurs when the sun causes premature aging and issues like dark spots and hyperpigmentation. and skin cancer in mice studies (8). Anecdotal evidence suggests that almond oil works for all skin types, and it helps soften and recondition the skin.

Some research also shows that almond oil can help ease the symptoms of psoriasisi  A skin disease in which cells build up, leading to scaly patches and itchy rashes on the body, especially on the scalp, knees, and elbows. and eczemai  A skin condition that causes inflamed, itchy, dry skin and rash-like red patches and may make the skin rough and bumpy. (4). This may be due to the moisturizing properties of the oil.

The vitamin E in almond oil may also reduce dark circles. Research is limited, but anecdotal evidence shows that it helps. Here’s how you can use it. Cleanse your face and massage a small amount of almond oil under your eyes. This massage boosts blood circulation. You can do this at night and wash your eyes in the morning. Following this regularly may also give you beautiful skin.

The oil works for sunburns too. Mice studies show that topical almond oil can prevent the structural damage caused by UV irradiation (9). Gentle application of the oil to the affected areas might help.

Almond oil also helps in reducing stretch marks, although bitter almond oil was found to be effective in this aspect. A 15-minute gentle massage with bitter almond oil during pregnancy may reduce the development of stretch marks (medically called striae gravidarum) (10). But we suggest you use almond oil only after consulting your doctor as it may lead to preterm birth.

Regular application of and massage with almond oil may also reduce wrinkles, under-eye bags, and dark circles. You can also apply almond oil for treating dark or chapped lips. But there is no scientific research to prove these benefits.

Zoha, a blogger, shares her personal struggle with finding the perfect moisturizer for their skin, which turns oily in summer and excessively dry in winter, leading to flakiness. In this, came almond oil as a game-changer. She would initially use it just for her hair, but recently started applying it on the face nightly to great results. She says, “My skin got back to normal, felt soft and smooth. I visibly noticed a clearer skin and an even skin-tone too. I have a few spots on my chin that my zits left, and this almond oil is doing a fairly good job in clearing them; they are much lighter now.” She also provides an important piece of advice, “Do not use bitter almond oil for its purpose is of only scent or flavour. For therapeutic purposes, it is sweet/pure almond oil, which does the job (i).”

protip_icon Trivia
Almond oil was used in Ancient Greece, China, and in Ayurvedic medicine to treat skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.

2. May Improve Hair And Scalp Health

Many people have sworn by the efficacy of almond oil in boosting hair and scalp health. But sufficient research is absent.

Using almond oil on your hair may make it softer to touch. You might even find it easy to comb and style through your hair.

Almond oil contains vitamin E. This nutrient can reduce the oxidative stress in the scalp, cut down the risk of alopecia, and boost hair growth (11). Almond oil may achieve the same, given its high vitamin E content.

The moisturizing properties of the oil may also help treat dry scalp and dandruff. Some believe that almond oil may also promote hair growth. However, more research is warranted in this aspect.

3. May Protect Your Heart

The monounsaturated fats in the oil lower LDL cholesterol (the bad cholesterol) and elevate HDL cholesterol (the good cholesterol) (12). Thus, almond oil may reduce the risk of heart disease.

A diet high in monounsaturated fatty acids can also lower blood pressure levels, more so in obese individuals (13). Almond oil contains a combination of mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids. These two greatly contribute to cardiovascular health (14).

Monounsaturated fatty acids also prevent arteriosclerosis, a condition characterized by the hardening of the arterial walls (15).

Studies also state that consuming mono and polyunsaturated fatty foods like Omega-3 fatty acids in place of saturated fats can have greater benefits for heart health (16). In other words, ditching saturated fats is equally

According to the American Heart Association, adding almond oil to the diet should be supplemented by a reduction of the intake of foods like fatty beef, lamb, pork, butter and cheese, and all baked and fried items. This is because all of these foods contain saturated fat (17).

4. May Promote Weight Loss

Woman enjoying weight loss due to almond oil
Image: Shutterstock

A diet rich in monounsaturated fats may induce weight loss (18). It may also improve lipid profiles in obese individuals. These fats promote energy balance, which may help one maintain a healthy weight (19).

However, almond oil doesn’t contain fiber as almonds do. Hence, you can supplement the oil with a balanced diet and exercise for healthy weight loss instead of relying on it alone. Having better lifestyle habits will help you lose weight.

5. May Promote Rectal And Digestive Health

Almond oil has quite a number of uses in boosting digestive health.

One of them is almond oil injections that treat rectal prolapse in children (20). Rectal prolapse is a rare condition in which a part of the large intestine slips outside the anus.

In a study, almond oil could treat idiopathic pruritis (unexplained irritation in the anal region) in adult patients. The oil could treat 93% of the patients in the first trial itself, while the remaining saw complete cure after a second treatment (21).

The oil also improves bowel transit. This eventually reduces the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (4).

The fatty acids in almond seeds may also work as prebiotics. This promotes the health of the human gut bacteria (22). However, it is unclear if similar results could be expected with almond oil.

6. May Aid Diabetes Treatment

In a study, participants who had breakfast with added almond oil had lower blood sugar levels. This was both after the meal and throughout the day (23).

Almond oil works better than whole almonds in keeping postprandial blood glucose levels low (24).

7. May Treat Ear Infections

Woman having pain due to ear infection
Image: Shutterstock

Almond oil can help remove earwax. Pouring warm almond oil in the ear can soften the earwax, making it easy to remove (25).

The oil may also work in the case of tympanic perforation (the case of a ruptured eardrum). Although more studies are required, research states that almond oil does not cause any toxicity in this regard (26).

A ruptured eardrum may also make your ear more susceptible to infections. Hence, almond oil might be a potential treatment for ear infections as well.

8. May Be Useful In Aromatherapy

Some research shows that using almond oil as part of aromatherapy massage could relieve symptoms of PMS (27). This treatment may complement conventional treatment for premenstrual syndrome.

Often, almond oil is used as a carrier oil. It is mixed with other essential oils to dilute them. This is to make them safer for the skin. The reason is that almond oil is readily absorbed by the skin, doesn’t evaporate easily, and has a mild smell.

9. May Treat Cradle Cap In Infants

There is very little research to back this. Anecdotal evidence supports the use of almond oil for treating cradle cap in infants. Cradle cap is a skin condition involving brownish-yellow scaly patches on the scalp. It is caused by excess secretion of sebum. Hydrating the scalp is key.

Some people believe that almond oil also acts as a moisturizer for the scalp. You can achieve this for your baby by applying a thick layer of the oil to the scalp. Gently massage it in for a minute. Use extra caution. Leave the oil to soak in for about 15 minutes. After this, you can wash the oil out with mild baby shampoo.

There is no research to support this method. But as long as your child doesn’t experience any adverse reactions, you can use the oil.

Almond oil is a worthwhile addition to your kitchen shelf. The nutrients we have seen are what constitute the oil’s nutrition profile.

But how much of those nutrients would you be getting through regular use of almond oil?

We have discussed below how much nutritional power a teaspoon of almond oil has. This can help you gauge how much you need to use based on your requirements.

A tablespoon of almond oil (14 grams)* contains:

  • 119 calories, meeting 6% of the daily value
  • 5.3 milligrams of vitamin E, meeting 26% of the DV
  • 13.5 grams of total fat, meeting 21% of the DV (1.1 grams of saturated fat, 9.4 grams of monounsaturated fat, and 2.3 grams of polyunsaturated fat)

*Values sourced from USDA, oil, almond

This is how almond oil benefits your skin, hair, and health. In the following section, we will look at the ways you can add almond oil to your diet.

How To Include Almond Oil In Your Diet

Pouring almond oil into salad
Image: Shutterstock

Always go for unrefined almond oil. When you do, ensure you do not use it in cooking. Unrefined oils have low smoke points, and cooking them at high temperatures can destroy the nutrients and release toxic fumes (28).

Use unrefined almond oil more as a finishing oil. Add it to dishes once the cooking is completed. As unrefined oils have low smoke points, they are best used in dips and salad dressings.

  • You can combine almond oil with apple cider vinegar and use it as a salad dressing.
  • You can also drizzle some almond oil over your pasta for a dash of healthy fats.
  • You can even add the oil to your other dishes to impart a delicious nutty flavor.

You may use refined almond oil for culinary purposes. Refined almond oil has a high smoke point (28). You can use it for searing, pan-frying, or browning.

But beware. We recommend against using refined oils for cooking. This holds true for refined almond oil as it contains high amounts of omega-6 fatty acids like linoleic acid (29). Studies show that refined vegetable oils high in omega-6 fatty acids can cause atherosclerosisi  The buildup of plaque (fats, cholesterol, and other substances) in and around the artery walls, which can lead to blockage and blood clots. and diabetes (30).

There is limited evidence on the dosage of almond oil, especially when using it for medical reasons. Though some sources suggest 1 to 2 teaspoons of almond oil per dose, the data is unreliable. Hence, consult your doctor.

You can get a bottle of almond oil from your nearest grocery store or supermarket. You can also purchase it online.

protip_icon Quick Tip
Refined almond oil has a high smoking point of 420°F. You can use it to roast or saute food.

You can also prepare almond oil in the cozy comfort of your home.

How To Make Almond Oil At Home

All you need are a blender, two cups of unroasted almonds, and one to two teaspoons of olive oil. Here’s the process:

  • Blend the almonds. Start slow and increase the pace eventually.
  • Once the almonds are blended into a rich and creamy paste, add a teaspoon of olive oil. Blend again.
  • You can add another teaspoon of olive oil to speed up the process.
  • Store the blended almonds in a container at room temperature for two weeks. This is time enough for the oil to separate from the meat.
  • Drain the oil from the container into another container. You can use a sieve or strain or tip the container.

You can use this almond oil and reap all the benefits discussed above. But before you do that, here are a few things to keep in mind.

What Are The Side Effects Of The Oil?

Woman having skin rashes as side effect of almond oil
Image: Shutterstock
  • May Cause Preterm Birth In Pregnant Women
    Studies show that the use of almond oil may cause preterm birth in pregnant women (31). Hence, please consult your doctor before using the oil.
  • May Lower Blood Glucose Levels Way Too Much
    As almond oil can lower blood glucose levels, exercise caution if you are already taking medications to treat high blood glucose levels. There is no direct research to substantiate this, though.
  • May Trigger Allergies
    Almond oil may trigger reactions in people with nut allergies. If you have nut allergies, please avoid its use.
  • Drug Interactions
    Almond oil may interfere with how certain drugs are absorbed by the skin. These include progesteronei  A female sex hormone produced in the ovaries and is involved in pregnancy and the menstrual cycle. and ketoprofen (32), (33). Hence, if you are on these medications, avoid almond oil.

Infographic: Almond Oil Nutrition Facts

Almond oil is loaded with healthy fats. It is also rich in vitamin E and contains small amounts of vitamin K. There are no carbs and protein in almond oil. Vitamin E is believed to have anti-aging benefits. Click on the infographic below to learn more about the nutrition facts of almond oil.

almond oil nutrition facts (infographic)

Illustration: StyleCraze Design Team

Almond oil is extracted from edible almond nuts rich in medicinal properties and is organic, natural, vegan, and gluten-free (34). The benefits of almond oil can be attributed to its high antioxidant and unsaturated fatty acid content. The vitamin E in almond oil may help promote skin health and improve hair and scalp conditions. In addition, it may also protect your heart, promote weight loss, improve digestive health, and aid in diabetes treatment. However, it may cause preterm birth in pregnant women, lower blood glucose levels way too much, and trigger allergies in some people. Hence, check with your doctor before using almond oil – especially if you have any medical conditions.

Frequently Asked Questions

Where else is almond oil used?

Almond oil is also used in cosmetics, medicines, and furniture polish.

Does almond oil have a substitute?

You can substitute almond oil with other nut oils like that of walnuts or hazelnuts.

Can I use almond oil every day?

Yes, you can use almond oil every day to see the desired results on your skin and hair.

What happens if you put almond oil in your belly button?

It is best not to put almond oil in your belly button as it may increase grime and build-up in it. You may use almond oil to massage the area around your belly button during pregnancy to help reduce the development of stretch marks (35).

Key Takeaways

  • Almond oil possesses vitamin E, which helps boost hair growth and reduce dandruff.
  • It also helps reduce cholesterol and promotes weight loss.
  • Almond oil may cause an allergic reaction or preterm birth in pregnant women.
  • You can add almond oil to your salad dressings or pasta to impart a nutty flavor.
almond oil benefits

Image: Stable Diffusion/StyleCraze Design Team

Almond oil is a natural remedy with many benefits. Check out this video to know how it can help improve your skin, hair, and overall health.

Personal Experience: Source

References

Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Read our editorial policy to learn more.

  1. Evaluation of Marketed Almond Oils [Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb] in Terms of European Pharmacopoeia Criteria, Turkish Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9254091/
  2. Cyanide Poisoning After Bitter Almond Ingestion, The Western Journal of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1273391/pdf/westjmed00209-0098.pdf
  3. Anti-Inflammatory and Skin Barrier Repair Effects of Topical Application of Some Plant Oils, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5796020/
  4. The uses and properties of almond oil, Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20129403
  5. Effect of a diet high in monounsaturated fat from almonds on plasma cholesterol and lipoproteins, Journal of the American College of Nutrition, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1315812
  6. Variability of oil content and of major fatty acid composition in almond (Prunus amygdalus Batsch) and its relationship with kernel quality, Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18461963
  7. Vitamin E in dermatology, Indian Dermatology Online Journal, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4976416/
  8. Effects of topical and oral vitamin E on pigmentation and skin cancer induced by ultraviolet irradiation in Skh:2 hairless mice, Nutrition and Cancer, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11341050/
  9. Effect of pre-treatment of almond oil on ultraviolet B-induced cutaneous photoaging in mice, Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17348990
  10. The effect of bitter almond oil and massaging on striae gravidarum in primiparaous women, Journal of Clinical Nursing, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22594386
  11. Effects of Tocotrienol Supplementation on Hair Growth in Human Volunteers, Tropical Life Sciences Research, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3819075/
  12. Almonds and Almond Oil Have Similar Effects on Plasma Lipids and LDL Oxidation in Healthy Men and Women, The Journal of Nutrition, Oxford Academic Journals.
    https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/132/4/703/4687327
  13. Effects of monounsaturated fatty acids on cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22142965
  14. Monounsaturated Fatty Acids and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: Synopsis of the Evidence Available from Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, Nutrients, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3546618/
  15. Protective effect of dietary monounsaturated fat on arteriosclerosis: beyond cholesterol, Atherosclerosis.
    https://www.atherosclerosis-journal.com/article/S0021-9150(02)00033-3/fulltext
  16. Saturated Fats Versus Polyunsaturated Fats Versus Carbohydrates for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Treatment, Annual Review of Nutrition, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4744652/
  17. Saturated Fat, American Heart Association.
    https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/healthy-eating/eat-smart/fats/saturated-fats
  18. Effects of moderate-fat (from monounsaturated fat) and low-fat weight-loss diets on the serum lipid profile in overweight and obese men and women, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14749224
  19. Fatty Acids Composition of Vegetable Oils and Its Contribution to Dietary Energy Intake and Dependence of Cardiovascular Mortality on Dietary Intake of Fatty Acids, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4490476/
  20. The treatment of rectal prolapse in children with phenol in almond oil injection, European Journal of Pediatric Surgery, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15630644
  21. A new concept of the anatomy of the anal sphincter mechanism and the physiology of defecation. XXIII. An injection technique for the treatment of idiopathic pruritus ani, International Surgery, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2318572
  22. Potential Prebiotic Properties of Almond (Amygdalus communis L.) Seeds, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2493170/
  23. Acute and second-meal effects of almond form in impaired glucose tolerant adults: a randomized crossover trial, Nutrition & Metabolism, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3042001/
  24. Manipulation of lipid bioaccessibility of almond seeds influences postprandial lipemia in healthy human subjects, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18842777
  25. Outer ear infection: What helps if earwax builds up? National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279354/
  26. Assessment of the ototoxicity of almond oil in a chinchilla animal model, The Laryngoscope, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22109768
  27. Effects of geranium aromatherapy massage on premenstrual syndrome: A clinical trial, International Journal of Preventive Medicine.
    https://www.ijpvmjournal.net/article.asp?issn=2008-7802;year=2018;volume=9;issue=1;spage=98;epage=98;aulast=Lotfipur-Rafsanjani
  28. Evaluation of the deleterious health effects of consumption of repeatedly heated vegetable oil.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC5616019/
  29. Evaluation of Marketed Almond Oils [Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb] in Terms of European Pharmacopoeia Criteria
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9254091/
  30. Choice of cooking oils–myths and realities, Journal of the Indian Medical Association, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10063298
  31. Herbal supplements in pregnancy: unexpected results from a multicentre study, Human Production, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22926840
  32. Progesterone administration by nasal spray in menopausal women: comparison between two different spray formulations, Gynecological Endocrinology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1492579
  33. Development of a novel ketoprofen transdermal patch: effect of almond oil as penetration enhancers on in-vitro and ex-vivo penetration of ketoprofen through rabbit skin, Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22186334
  34. Valorisation of cold-pressed almond oil’s cake as raw material for the preparation of naturally gluten-free flour for specific food applications, E3S Web of Conferences, Researchgate.
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/350505421_Valorisation_of_cold-pressed_almond_oil’s_cake_as_raw_material_for_the_preparation_of_naturally_gluten-free_flour_for_specific_food_applications
  35. The effect of bitter almond oil and massaging on striae gravidarum in primiparaous women, Journal of Clinical Nursing, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22594386/
Was this article helpful?
thumbsupthumbsdown
Jess Wharton

Jess WhartonAdvanced Dip Nutrition & HPN

Jess Wharton is Registered Nutritionist based in Auckland, New Zealand. She works with clients around the world to help them reach their health and wellness goals. She believes that food is medicine and proper nutrition is healing and essential for well-being and quality of life.   Her specialties are in weight loss nutrition, gastrointestinal issues, nutrition and its role in...read full bio

Latest Articles