20 Benefits Of Pomegranate Juice, How To Make It, & Nutrition

You can't imagine the wonders this delicious fruit juice can do for your health!

Medically reviewed by Rachelle Caves, RDN, CNSC, CPT Rachelle Caves Rachelle CavesRDN, CNSC, CPT twitter_iconinsta_icon
Written by , BSc, Professional Certificate in Food, Nutrition and Health Ravi Teja Tadimalla BSc, Professional Certificate in Food, Nutrition and Health linkedin_icon Experience: 8 years
Edited by , BA (Literature & Psychology), PG Diploma Arshiya Syeda BA (Literature & Psychology), PG Diploma linkedin_icon Experience: 7 years
Fact-checked by , BTech (Biotechnology), Certified Health & Nutrition Life Coach Sindhu Koganti BTech (Biotechnology), Certified Health & Nutrition Life Coach linkedin_icon Experience: 6 years
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The benefits of pomegranate juice have been documented since ancient times as it was widely renowned for its medical characteristics. It is naturally sweet and loaded with antioxidants, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and flavonoids.

Pomegranate, scientifically known as Punica granatum L. (Punicaceae), is a deciduous shrub. It is native to Iran and is cultivated widely in both hemispheres.

The skin of the pomegranate fruit turns red when ripe but is generally not eaten. Inside are its arils that are used to extract the juice. This juice has been touted to treat various ailments. So, is pomegranate juice good for you? If yes, what is pomegranate juice good for? Let’s find out.

In this post, we will discuss how pomegranate juice benefits your health.

protip_icon Know Your Ingredient: Pomegranate Juice

What Is It?
A drink extracted from the fruit of the pomegranate shrub (Punica granatum).

What Are Its Benefits?
Promotes weight loss, boosts liver function, improves the immune, digestive and cardiovascular system, and may help fight different types of cancer.

Who Can Consume It?
All except those who are allergic to it.

How Often?
Regularly, but in moderation.

Caution
People with low blood pressure should avoid consuming it.

What Are The Health Benefits Of Pomegranate Juice?

1. Help In The Treatment Of Skin Cancer

Several skin care products contain pomegranate as one of the ingredients for its strong protective effects on the skin. Pomegranate fruit is rich in antioxidants and protects the skin cells from the oxidative stress induced by UVB radiation (1).

Exposure to the sun and environmental factors are the leading causes of skin cancer. UVB radiation, in particular, is known to have severe damaging effects. UVB radiation can cause DNA and sun damage, irritation, and inflammation (2).

Pomegranate fruit extract was also found to protect from UVB-induced photoaging markers. It could help in the treatment of skin cancer (3).

Pomegranate fruit extract was also applied topically on mice, and the results suggest it could help in skin cancer prevention. However, more in-depth studies are warranted to confirm the findings (4).

In addition to fighting skin cancer, pomegranate juice may also delay the signs of skin aging, including wrinkles and fine lines (possibly because of its vitamin C content).

Some studies also show that pomegranate seeds (and their oil) can facilitate skin repair by promoting the regeneration of the epidermis (5).

2. Promote Weight Loss

Evidence states that pomegranates have been used in numerous instances to promote weight loss. This can be attributed to the fiber in the fruits.

Studies also show that pomegranate and its extracts can play a role in fat reduction and weight management. However, more human studies are needed to understand its role in preventing obesity (6). In mice studies, the seeds, and especially the pomegranate leaf extract, were found to induce fat loss. This can be a positive step towards healthy weight loss (7).

3. Beneficial During Pregnancy

Pregnant woman drinking pomegranate juice
Image: Shutterstock

Pomegranate juice may reduce pregnancy complications. Some research shows that the juice can reduce oxidative stress in the human placenta, which is key to a pregnancy outcome (8). More studies are warranted to understand the mechanism.

4. Prevent Colon Cancer

Drinking pomegranate juice may reduce the risk factors associated with colon cancer. The tannins, ellagic acid, and punicalagin in pomegranate juice have antiproliferativei  Tending to suppress cell growth, especially the growth of malignant cells into the surrounding tissue. effects on colon cells (9).

Researchers observed that the ellagitannins in pomegranate juice could also play a role in the prevention of colon cancer (10).

These are the many benefits of pomegranate juice. We know eating fruits on a regular basis is key for optimal health. While eating the arils of the pomegranate fruit may be slightly cumbersome, drinking its juice is easy.

The juice can also play a role in preventing the cancers of the lung (11).

5. Treat Fatty Liver Disease

Pomegranate seeds reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, and, as a result, help fight fatty liver disease. In rat studies, regular consumption of pomegranates was found to prevent non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (12).

In another rat study, the fruit was found to protect the liver and other organs in jaundice (13).

6. Clear Clogged Arteries

Pomegranate juice is rich in antioxidants and polyphenols. Research shows that these organic compounds possess anti-atherogenic propertiesi  Property of any substance or compound that protects the body against atherogenesis by inhibiting the formation of plaques in the arteries. (14).

Atherosclerosis is a disease that causes the blood vessels in the arteries to narrow down due to plaque build-up.

A study shows that pomegranate juice enhances nitric oxide synthase and prevents nitric oxide from oxidative destruction (15). It is believed that this may help reverse atherosclerosis lesions.

In another research, advanced atherosclerotic patients with carotid artery stenosis, when regularly administered with pomegranate juice during the period of study, showed significant improvement in health conditions (16).

7. Prevent Cardiovascular Disease

Pomegranate juice good for heart
Image: Shutterstock

Pomegranate and its powerful components have been in use in medical science to alleviate coronary artery disease, hypertension, and peripheral artery disease (17).

Arterial hypertension increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Scientists have investigated and believe that pomegranate juice reduces stress in coronary artery endothelial cells (18).

Cardiovascular diseases can also be caused by drugs or chemicals. Further experiments show that pomegranate fruit extracts offer protection against cardiotoxicityi  Cardiac damage brought on by cancer therapy, especially in those who have undergone chemotherapy or are on certain medications. (19).

8. Help Treat Erectile Dysfunction

The antioxidants in pomegranate juice reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, both of which can lead to erectile dysfunction.

In a trial experiment, pomegranate juice was found to improve mild to moderate erectile dysfunction (20).

In another clinical trial, scientists were able to determine that phytochemicals in pomegranate juice reduced oxidative stress and suggested that future studies may reveal more on its benefit in treating various urologic health conditions in men, along with erectile dysfunction (21).

9. Lower Blood Cholesterol Levels

Nurse checking blood cholesterol level
Image: Shutterstock

Pomegranate contains high amounts of polyphenols and other antioxidants that are three times more than what we find in green tea and red wine (22). These antioxidants can help lower bad cholesterol.

Statistical data collected in a study involving some patients showed a significant reduction in plasma LDL after consuming pomegranate juice (23).

In another animal study, scholars revealed the lipid-lowering factors present in pomegranate juice and guided how it can be used in dyslipidemiai  Abnormally high levels of blood fat or cholesterol that raise the risk of heart attack, stroke, and clogged arteries. (24).

It was also noted that phytosterols present in pomegranate could reduce serum LDL (25).

10. Help Treat Prostate Cancer

Investigations involving both animal and human models show that pomegranate juice can improve prostate cancer (11).

Clinical evidence suggests that pomegranate fruit extract decreases serum prostate-specific antigen levels and, therefore, may possess both chemotherapeutic and chemopreventive effects against prostate cancer (26).

Moreover, scientists have more recently revealed that ellagic acid, luteolin, and punicic acid present in pomegranate juice inhibit the growth of prostate cancer (27). This means that pomegranate juice can also prolong the survival of prostate cancer patients (28).

protip_icon Trivia
The pomegranate is widely found in Egyptian mythology and art, extolled in the Bible’s Old Testament and the Babylonian Talmud, and was transported by caravans through the desert because of its thirst-quenching juice.

11. Lower Blood Pressure

Studies show that pomegranate juice can lower blood pressure (29). Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure could be brought down with regular administration or consumption of pomegranate juice.

Findings collected from animal and clinical studies indicate that drinking pomegranate juice can reduce blood pressure, both short-term and long-term (30).

12. Boost Fertility and Increase Testosterone Levels

In mythology, pomegranate is considered to be an aphrodisiac fruit. Evidence-based clinical studies state that drinking natural pomegranate juice regularly lowers stress, reduces cortisol, promotes well-being, and increases sex drive in both men and women (31).

In rat studies, pomegranate juice was also found to improve sperm quality and motility, boost testosterone levels, increase epididymal sperm concentration, and decrease the rates of abnormal sperm (32).

Another rat study proposes that pomegranate juice extract can impact sex hormones in females with polycystic ovary syndrome (33). The study further elucidates that pomegranate extract increases testosterone levels.

13. Treat Kidney Stones

Several studies have linked oxidative stress to kidney stone formation (34), (35). As discussed earlier, pomegranate juice fights oxidative stress.

A pilot study indicated that supersaturation of calcium oxalate could be lowered with pomegranate juice (36).

Another experiment on animal models showed the protective effects of pomegranate juice on crystal formation in kidneys (37).

14. Aid Diabetes Treatment

Researchers have established that pomegranate juice reduces oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation in cells that affect type 2 diabetes. However, more clinical studies are needed before pomegranate or its juice can be medically recommended for diabetes treatment (38).

Certain organic compounds in pomegranate have been found to be antidiabetic. These include gallic, ursolic, and oleanolic acids (39).

15. Manage Arthritis

The anti-inflammatory properties of pomegranate juice may have beneficial effects in cases of osteoarthritis (40). The compounds present in pomegranate can slow down cartilagei  Strong and flexible connective tissue that acts as a shock absorber and shields the bones and joints from damage. deterioration and block the enzymes that lead to osteoarthritis (41).

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which is characterized by inflammation, pain, and stiffness, can be managed with pomegranate juice intake. Although this claim needs further evidence supported by clinical trials, scholars who have conducted studies on mice reveal that pomegranate juice may have positive effects on RA (42).

16. Treatment Of Alzheimer’s Disease

A 15-month study revealed that long-term dietary supplementation with pomegranate juice increased autophagy (regular degradation and recycling of cell components), inhibited inflammation, and decreased cerebral amyloid beta aggregates (43).

Other studies have also led to the understanding of the neuroprotectivei  Any substance with properties to protect the nerve cells from harm, deterioration, or functional impairment. effects in pomegranate (44). The juice was found to increase memory and prevent memory loss as well (45).

17. May Reduce Breast Cancer Risk

Woman wearing breast cancer pink ribbon
Image: Shutterstock

Drinking pomegranate juice may have potential benefits to slow or even prevent the growth of breast cancer. Laboratory tests suggest that ellagitannins found in pomegranate juice can stop estrogen production – and this may help prevent breast cancer (which is usually estrogen-responsive) (46).

It has also been proven that pomegranate has ant  i-proliferative properties that can downregulate estrogen-responsive genes (47).

18. Promote Oral Health

Recent studies have proven that pomegranates work wonderfully well in strengthening the gums and fastening loose teeth. They are also effective against oral bacteria as they possess antimicrobial properties. Research has found that pomegranate seeds can have a positive effect on dental plaque microorganisms (48).

In another study, a gel made from the fruit was found to be effective in treating gingivitisi  A gum condition characterized by irritated and swollen gums caused by chronic oral hygiene issues. (49).

19. Boost Digestive Health

Pomegranate seeds boost digestive health as they have B-complex vitamins. These vitamins help your body convert fat, protein, and carbohydrates into energy. The seeds also contain fiber, another essential nutrient for digestion. This fiber prevents and treats constipation as well.

As the seeds have anti-inflammatory properties, they can treat other gastrointestinal issues, like ulcerative colitis (50).

But please keep in mind that pomegranate is an acidic food (has a pH of 3), and it can aggravate certain digestive problems like heartburn, acid reflux, or GERD (and stomach and mouth ulcers as well). Hence, check with your doctor in this regard.

20. Strengthen The Immune System

The powerful antioxidants in pomegranate seeds strengthen the immune system. Studies show how they can effectively combat bacteria and viruses that affect human health (51).

Not just that, pomegranates also help treat several other ailments associated with a weakened immune system. A preliminary study (we need more information, though) states that pomegranate may help treat obstructive pulmonary diseasei  Lung disease that impairs breathing by obstructing airflow, leading to shortness of breath, wheezing, or persistent cough. (52). Though the fruit hadn’t improved the effects of the drugs, there is hope.

In the following section, we will look at the nutritional profile of pomegranate juice.

What Is The Nutritional Profile Of Pomegranate Juice?

Fresh pomegranate juice is a nutrition powerhouse packed with taste and abundant vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, fatty acids, and zero cholesterol. Surprisingly, it is also low in calories.

According to the USDA, these are the nutrients present in every 100 grams of fresh pomegranate juice:

  • Energy: 54 kcal
  • Protein: 0.15 g
  • Carbohydrate: 13.13 g
  • Dietary fiber: 0.1 g
  • Sugar: 12.65 g

Source: United States Department of Agriculture

Pomegranate juice is rich in nutrients, such as vitamin A, thiamin, niacin, folate, riboflavin, potassium, magnesium, zinc, and calcium. It also contains various organic acids, like ascorbic acid, citric acid, malic acid, and fumaric acid, and amino acids like methionine, proline, and valine.

How To Make Pomegranate Juice

Woman peeling pomegranate fruit
Image: Shutterstock

Making pomegranate juice is not as difficult as you might think. Before you begin, make sure the pomegranates you have bought are fresh and in perfect condition. The healthy peel of a ripe pomegranate is red or dark red and always smooth and shiny. You can also go for organic pomegranates if available locally.

What You Need

  • 8 pomegranates
  • A knife
  • A medium-sized bowl
  • Water
  • Blender
  • 2 serving glasses

Directions

  1. Wash the pomegranates under running water.
  2. Remove the crown and the bottom.
  3. Make mildly deep incisions on the skin from top to bottom, preferably making four or five divisions.
  4. Follow each division to remove the skin gently.
  5. Once the arils appear, keep the pomegranates aside.
  6. Pour water in a medium-sized bowl.
  7. Take each pomegranate division and break it underneath the water to avoid a mess. Separate the arils.
  8. Rinse the arils, pour them in the blender, and blend.
  9. You can either remove the seeds and thick pulp and strain the juice. The latter contains fiber and is more like a smoothie-consistency.
  10. Serve chilled.

Making pomegranate juice is simple. You can have the juice every day and reap the many benefits it offers. In the following section, we will look at the nutritional profile of pomegranate juice.

Sasikala Balaraman, a blogger, shared her experience of making pomegranate juice at home in her personal blog. She said, “Though I like this fruit for its taste & nutritional values, I’ve always dreaded the deseeding part of it (i).” She added a tip to deseed the fruit in less than 2 minutes, “Take a big bowl, hold one half of the fruit in your palm with arils/seeds facing the bowl. Now, start whacking the top with a ladle/wooden spoon as if you are (and it helps if you really are!) mad at someone!” She mentioned that the whole experience of juicing a pomegranate this way was amazingly therapeutic.

protip_icon Fun Fact
In the olden days in Iran, the common people tenderized meat by marinating it in pomegranate juice, while the royal chefs used vinegar for the same purpose.

Storing pomegranate juice the right way is crucial to enjoy its benefits. Learn more in the next section.

How To Store Pomegranate Juice

Pomegranate juice is best consumed fresh. So, try to consume it the same day you prepare it. But should there be a need to store it, keep the following things in mind.

  • Refrigerate It

Refrigerate the juice should you have the need to store it for longer. Colder temperatures help slow down the deterioration.

  • Avoid Exposure To Light And Air

Light and air can cause the juice to deteriorate quickly. Store it in a dark, cool place. Seal the container tightly to minimize exposure to air.

  • Use Glass Containers

Glass containers are preferable as they don’t interact with the juice or affect its taste.

Follow these steps to extend the shelf life of your pomegranate juice and savor it longer. But we need to keep something else in mind.

What Are The Side Effects Of Pomegranate Juice?

Drinking pomegranate juice is safe, provided it is taken within the prescribed limits. Further research is warranted to establish its side effects.

As we have seen, pomegranate juice can lower blood pressure levels (29). Hence, excess intake of the juice may lower your blood pressure way too much. People already taking medications to reduce blood pressure should avoid the juice.

Pomegranate juice is rich in potassium, and excess intake may lead to hyperkalemia (high potassium levels) in those at risk, including people with kidney disease. However, there is less research in this regard.

Though some drug interactions with pomegranate juice have been observed in animal and test-tube studies, the juice could be safe for humans. For instance, in humans, the juice had no adverse effects on the effects of an enzyme (called CYP2C9) in humans. The CYP2C9 enzyme is responsible for metabolizing drugs related to diabetes, heart health, and blood clots (53).

Infographic: Top Health Benefits Of Pomegranate Juice

Pomegranate has been treasured for generations for its health benefits. It is rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that can contribute to one’s overall well-being. Pomegranate juice, like the fruit, has numerous health advantages. It can be a refreshing delight that boosts your health in many ways. Check out the infographic below to learn about the top benefits of incorporating pomegranate juice into your diet.

top health benefits of pomegranate juice(infographic)

Illustration: StyleCraze Design Team

The many health benefits of pomegranate juice is primarily due to its rich antioxidant content. Rich in vitamins, minerals, and flavonoids, pomegranate juice is found to be effective in promoting skin health and preventing skin and colon cancer, while promoting healthy digestion, improving metabolism, and aiding weight loss. It is also beneficial in regulating your blood sugar and blood pressure levels, along with helping with erectile dysfunction and fertility issues and improving cognitive function. While pomegranate juice helps detoxify and cleanse your system boosting your overall immunity, it should be taken in moderation, especially for people with kidney issues.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best time to drink pomegranate juice?

You should consume pomegranate juice in the morning after drinking water to allow your body to absorb nutrients.

Can we drink pomegranate juice on an empty stomach?

You can certainly drink pomegranate juice on an empty stomach, but ensure you drink at least a glass of water before doing so.

How much pomegranate juice should you drink in a day?

Based on the potassium content in pomegranate juice, you can have a standard portion of 1 cup per day (there is limited research on this). One cup is equivalent to 48 teaspoons or 16 tablespoons, or approximately 8 fl oz.

How is pomegranate juice different from other juices?

  • Pomegranate Juice Vs. Cranberry Juice

Both cranberry and pomegranate juices are infused with nutrients. But when it comes to antioxidants, pomegranate outweighs cranberry.

  • Pomegranate Juice Vs. Beet Juice

You can detox your body with beet and pomegranate juice. Both can efficiently help in erectile dysfunction and boost sexual health.

  • Pomegranate Juice Vs. Tart Cherry Juice

Tart cherry juice is packed with anti-inflammatory properties and may alleviate pain. It is also rich in antioxidants – but not as much as pomegranate juice.

Are pomegranate and honey good for low-porosity hair?

Yes, honey is a great humectant that helps low-porosity hair retain hydration, and pomegranate helps make the hair regain strength and luster (54), (55).

Is pomegranate good for low hemoglobin?

Yes. Research suggests that pomegranate consumption improves iron absorption in the body, increases hemoglobin levels, and helps fight iron-deficiency anemia (56), (57).

Key Takeaways

  • Pomegranate juice contains healthy and beneficial antioxidants.
  • It may reduce oxidative stress and help prevent skin cancer.
  • It may help manage diabetes and lower blood pressure.
  • Drinking pomegranate juice may help boost fertility and promote well-being.
  • The juice may boost memory and prevent memory loss.
  • Excess consumption of pomegranate juice may not be safe for people with kidney issues.
benefits of pomegranate juice

Image: Stable Diffusion/StyleCraze Design Team

Discover the amazing health benefits of pomegranate juice! From boosting immunity to reducing inflammation, this superfood is packed with incredible benefits. Watch the below video now to learn more!

Personal Experience: Source

References

Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Read our editorial policy to learn more.

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Rachelle Caves

Rachelle CavesRDN, CNSC, CPT

Rachelle Caves is a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist, Certified Nutrition Support Clinician, and Certified Personal Trainer. She has 12 years of significant experience providing nutrition therapy for a wide range of conditions, including obesity, heart disease, and diabetes, while helping clients achieve weight loss without counting calories or restricting carbohydrates.

Read full bio of Rachelle Caves