How To Do A Facial At Home: Simple Steps

Medically reviewed by Dr.Jeff Jumaily, M.D.
by Annie Jangam

Raise your hand if you are tired of splurging on professional facials. Although they are great for the skin, you can treat yourself to a spa-level facial right at your home, at half the cost! We have a step-by-step tutorial on how to do a de-stressing and detoxifying facial at home. Scroll down and follow the steps to give your skin the much-needed TLC.

How To Give Yourself Perfect At-Home Facial: A Step-By-Step Tutorial

Take some time to prepare yourself for the facial and make it a better experience. 

  • Preparation: Create a relaxing atmosphere. Light a few aromatic candles. Keep all your electronic devices in “Do-Not-Disturb” mode.
  • Skin Analysis: Identify the skin issues you want to address, like blackheads, whiteheads, signs of aging, acne, and sun damage.
  • Products: Choose products according to your skin type. Learn more about different skin types. You can use multi-step facial kits or whip up DIY recipes for the facial. Once you are set, move on to the steps.

Step 1: Clean Your Skin

You Will Need

  • Makeup remover or cleansing oil
  • A damp cloth or cotton balls or wet wipes
  • Face wash

Process

  1. Clean your face with a makeup remover or cleansing oil. Wipe all traces of makeup and dirt from your eyes, lips, and neck.
  2. Follow it up with a mild face wash. Avoid products with alcohol, artificial preservatives, and fragrances as they can dry and irritate the skin.
  3. Gently massage the cleanser onto the face with your fingertips in a circular motion for 30-60 seconds.
  4. Rinse off with lukewarm water.

Why?

It is essential to start with clean skin. Double cleansing removes all the traces of dirt, grime, oil, and makeup from your face. This allows better penetration of actives and serums into the skin.

Step 2: Exfoliate Your Skin 

You Will Need

  • Scrub or Enzyme-based exfoliator
  • Steam machine or Hot towel
  • Extraction tools
  • Damp cloth
  • Lukewarm water

Process

  1. Scrub your face and neck for 2-5 minutes. If you are using an enzyme-based or chemical exfoliant with AHA and BHA, apply it to your face, avoiding the area around your eyes, and leave it on for the stipulated time before washing it off.
  2. Moisten your face and steam it with a steam machine or a hot towel. Do not steam for more than 2-3 minutes. Avoid this step if you have sensitive skin.
  3. Extract whiteheads and blackheads using the extraction tools.
  4. Rinse your face and pat it dry.

Why? 

  • Physical and chemical exfoliants have a gritty texture that sloughs away the dead skin cells. However, be careful with both the exfoliants as overdoing them can damage the skin and affect its texture.
  • Steam helps dislodge the dirt and debris from the pores and unclog them. It also helps soften blackheads and whiteheads for easy extraction. If you have sensitive skin, you may avoid steaming.
  • Extraction is the process of removing blackheads or whiteheads using specialized tools. This needs a little patience and skill. Avoid this step if you are a beginner.

Step 3: Massage

 You Will Need

  • Moisturizing cream or facial oil
  • Gua sha scraper or jade/quartz rollers (optional)

Process

  1. Apply cream or oil to your face. Gently massage in a circular motion. Ensure to use enough product for a slip. Massage in soft, rolling swipes and increase the pressure gradually for a relaxing experience,
  2. Keep your strokes outward and upward. Repeat them 5-7 times for best results. Keep changing the motions. Use your fingertips, knuckles, Gua sha scrapers, or jade or quartz rollers. Pat your skin lightly from time to time.
  3. Knead the skin between your eyebrows with your knuckles and move them towards the hairline.
  4. Massage your chin with the knuckles, moving them upward and along the jawline. Contour your nose using your index and middle finger.
  5. Focus on your laugh lines and gently massage the area around the upper lip and lower nose.
  6. Place your palms underneath your cheekbones and massage towards the hairline.
  7. Finish with the neck. Massage in vertical strokes from the collarbone towards your face in an upward direction.

Why? 

Facial massage stimulates the muscles and improves blood circulation. It boosts skin elasticity and firmness. Massaging feels relaxing and also allows better penetration of skin care treatments, improving skin hydration levels.  This makes your skin soft and supple. Massaging also promotes lymphatic drainage, minimizing puffiness and fluid retention.

Step 4: Face Mask 

You Will Need 

  • Face mask (according to your skin type or issue)
  • Lukewarm water
  • Chilled cucumber slices or rose water-soaked cotton pads (Optional)

Process

  1. Apply the mask to your face. You can use peel-off masks, sheet masks, DIY masks, or bubble masks.
  2. Place the chilled cucumber slices or rose water-soaked cotton pads on your eyes.
  3. Leave on the mask for 20 minutes and wipe your face with a damp washcloth. If using sheet masks, avoid wiping. Let the serum dry on your face.
  4. Rinse off with water (avoid if using sheet masks).

Why?

Face masks contain ingredients to fight specific skin concerns like acne, fine lines, dark spots, and pigmentation. They may contain ingredients like vitamin C, hyaluronic acid, niacinamide, and ceramides to nourish, hydrate, tone, and brighten your skin.

Step 5: Treatments And Moisturizer

Finish off with treatment serums, moisturizer, and sunscreen (if going out). Use serums containing retinol, resveratrol, and lactic acid.  You may also apply hydrating lip masks and under-eye patches in this step and use microneedle rollers and LED light therapy masks. However, avoid dermabrasion rollers if you have never used them.

At-home facials are the easiest way to pamper your skin. However, you need to take precautions and follow the aftercare tips to avoid any damage. 

Precautions And Aftercare Tips To Follow 

  • Always be gentle with your skin.
  • Follow the instructions properly. Never leave the products on your skin for longer than the recommended duration.
  • Try to allot 1-2 hours for a facial.
  • Secure the hair with a headband before starting the facial treatment.
  • You can wear an old T-shirt or a bathrobe to avoid any mess.
  • Do not go outside for at least an hour after the facial. Ingredients like vitamin C and retinol make the skin photosensitive.
  • Let your skin breathe and avoid applying makeup for at least an hour.
  • Go for facials once or twice a month. The frequency depends on your skin type and concerns.
  • Follow a dedicated skin care regimen to maintain your skin health. 

To Sum Up

Professional facials are great for the skin, but they can be expensive. You can follow the steps mentioned above and pamper your skin with a relaxing and rejuvenating facial using your favorite products or DIY recipes. However, ensure to follow the precautions and be gentle with your skin.

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Annie Jangam

Annie Jangam is a Molecular Biologist with 7 years of research experience in Rice Functional Genomics and Nutrient Signalling with International Publications in Abiotic stress, Nitrogen, and G-protein signaling. She specializes in writing on Health and Wellness. She has been an avid reader since childhood and is passionate about stories that help decipher life and its meaning. She believes in Human Rights for all and that one should "love others like we love ourselves."
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