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How To Get Rid of Pigmentation And Dark Spots Naturally

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How To Get Rid of Pigmentation And Dark Spots Naturally Hyderabd040-395603080 May 8, 2019

Whether it is sun spots, age spots, freckles, sun damage, or melasma – skin pigmentation is a common issue faced by most of us. While sometimes imperfections can be beautiful, you also cannot deny that if not appropriately addressed, those tiny brown spots adorning your cheeks or nose can become a real problem! You don’t need to hide them under heavy duty foundation. You can take steps to fade them away. You can use natural mehods, without resorting to laser treatment. Keep reading.

What Is Skin Pigmentation?

What Is Skin Pigmentation Pinit

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Any discoloration of the skin is known as pigmentation. This common problem – in which you develop darker patches or color on your skin – is completely harmless and faced by both men and women. It is caused by excess melanin, the pigment that gives you your natural skin tone. When this pigment forms a deposit in the skin, it causes pigmentation (or hyperpigmentation).

Age spots are the most common type of skin pigmentation issue and are a result of sun damage. They are often found in the areas frequently exposed to the sun.

Melasma or chloasma is yet another type of hyperpigmentation characterized by spots that are very similar to age spots but cover a larger area on the skin. These spots mostly appear due to hormonal changes. For instance, during pregnancy, the hormones may trigger overproduction of melanin and cause darkening of the skin.

Freckles (ephelides) are also one type of pigmentation caused by sun exposure and appear as tiny dots and specks on your face and shoulder area.

What Causes Skin Pigmentation?

What Causes Skin Pigmentation Pinit

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UV rays are the biggest culprits that trigger overproduction of melanin. However, the damage caused by UV rays is not visible immediately. So, if you have developed pigmentation on your face recently, it’s most likely a result of the damage caused to your skin about a decade ago!

If you have been using SPF your whole life but are still experiencing skin pigmentation, don’t get baffled. There are other factors that may cause skin pigmentation:

  • Skin damage caused by injury (also called post-inflammatory pigmentation)
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy
  • Skin rashes
  • Skin infection (such as acne)
  • Medical conditions

No matter what the cause, there are several ways to reduce hyperpigmentation. Scroll down to check out some natural ways to treat hyperpigmentation.

Natural Ways To Get Rid Of Skin Pigmentation

1. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar Pinit

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You Will Need
  • 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar
  • 1 tablespoon water
  • Cotton swab
Method
  1. Mix the apple cider vinegar and water in a container (take equal parts of both depending on the treatment area).
  2. Dip the cotton swab into the mixture and apply it all over the affected area. Leave it on for three minutes or until it has completely dried.
  3. Wash it off with lukewarm water.
  4. Repeat the treatment twice daily.
Why This Works

Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid that helps in decreasing melanin deposits, thus fading pigmentation (1).

2. Aloe Vera

You Will Need
  • 2 tablespoons fresh aloe vera gel
  • 1 teaspoon honey
Method
  1. Combine the ingredients in a bowl.
  2. Let the mixture sit for 5-10 minutes.
  3. Apply it all over the affected area. Let it dry for 20-30 minutes.
  4. Wash your face with lukewarm water.
Why This Works

Aloe vera soothes your skin and calms it down. It contains an active ingredient called aloin that has skin lightening properties (2).

3. Green Tea

Green Tea Pinit

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You Will Need
  • 1 green tea bag
  • 1 cup of water
Method
  1. Boil the water in a pan and pour it in a bowl or cup.
  2. Steep the green tea bag in the hot water for 5 minutes.
  3. Remove the bag and let it cool down.
  4. Rub the tea bag on the affected area.
  5. Repeat this twice daily.
Why This Works

Green tea extracts can inhibit mushroom tyrosinase (in vitro), which may have a depigmenting effect (3).

4. Lemon

You Will Need
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice
  • 1 teaspoon organic honey
Method
  1. Mix the lemon juice and honey in a bowl.
  2. Apply the mixture on the affected area.
  3. Leave it on for 15 minutes.
  4. Wash it off with lukewarm water.
Why This Works

Lemon is a potent bleaching agent and has skin lightening properties (4). However, lemon juice can irritate sensitive skin, so do a patch test before using.

5. Red Onion

Red Onion Pinit

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You Will Need

1 red onion

Method
  1. Cut the onion into slices.
  2. Take a slice and rub it on the affected area.
  3. Let the onion juice dry for at least 10 minutes.
  4. Wash it with lukewarm water.
  5. You may even grate the onion, squeeze out the juice, and apply it on your skin.
  6. Repeat this treatment twice daily.
Why This Works

Red onion is often used in scar lightening creams. It has skin lightening and whitening properties and can be used to treat hyperpigmentation (5).

6. Licorice Extract

You Will Need
  • 4-5 medium-sized licorice roots
  • 2 cups of water
  • Spray bottle
Method
  1. Pour the water into a pan and add the roots to it.
  2. Boil the roots on a medium flame for 10 minutes.
  3. Let the water cool down.
  4. Strain it and store it in the spray bottle.
  5. Apply it twice daily as you would a toner.

Note: Store the licorice extract in the refrigerator and use it within 8-10 days.

Why This Works

Licorice helps disperse melanin and inhibit melanin biosynthesis to reduce hyperpigmentation and brighten your skin (3).

7. Milk

Milk Pinit

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You Will Need
  • 3 tablespoons of fresh milk
  • Cotton swab
Method
  1. Soak the cotton swab in milk.
  2. Gently rub it all over the affected area.
  3. Leave it on for 15-20 minutes and then wash it off with lukewarm water.
  4. Repeat twice daily.
Why This Works

Milk contains lactic acid, which is often used in chemical peels to brighten and whiten skin. It has also been found that lactic acid can be used to treat melasma (6).

8. Tomato

You Will Need

1 ripe tomato

Method
  1. Slice the tomato.
  2. Rub it on the affected area.
  3. Let it dry for 10 minutes.
  4. Wash it off with lukewarm water.
  5. Repeat this twice daily.
Why This Works

Tomato contains lycopene that can reduce the effects of photodamage on the skin and reduce spots and pigmentation (7).

9. Black Tea

Black Tea Pinit

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You Will Need
  • 1 tablespoon black tea leaves
  • 1 cup of distilled water
  • 1 cotton ball
Method
  1. Boil the tea leaves and water on low flame for 2 hours.
  2. Let the decoction cool down before straining it in a bowl.
  3. Soak the cotton swab in the tea and apply it on the affected area.
  4. Repeat this twice every day.
Why This Works

Black tea extract is said to have a skin whitening effect. A study found that when applied on hyperpigmented spots on guinea pigs, black tea inhibits the development of melanocytes and reduces hyperpigmentation (8).

10. Orange Peel

You Will Need
  • Peel of 1 orange
  • 1 teaspoon lemon juice
  • 1 teaspoon honey
Method
  1. Sun-dry the orange peel for 3-4 days or until it has dried completely.
  2. Grind the dried orange peel into a fine powder.
  3. Mix the rest of the ingredients with the powder.
  4. Apply the mixture on the affected area.
  5. Leave it on for 20-30 minutes.
  6. Wash it off with lukewarm water.
  7. Repeat this thrice a week.
Why This Works

Orange peel extracts can reduce the melanin deposits, fade dark spots, and brighten your skin (9).

Natural ingredients usually do not have any major side effects unless you are allergic to them or have hypersensitive skin. They are safe but may take time to show results. If your condition is severe, and you want quick results, you may opt for medical treatment.

Medical Treatment Options For Skin Pigmentation

Medical Treatment Options For Skin Pigmentation Pinit

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The treatment you undergo depends on the cause of your hyperpigmentation. If it is due to other health-related issues, treating the underlying problem can help reduce the pigmentation. Consult a doctor who can recommend the available treatment options. The treatments include:

  • Microdermabrasion
  • Intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment
  • Chemical peel
  • Laser resurfacing
  • Cryotherapy
  • Topical creams (corticosteroids, hydroquinone, retinoids, vitamin C, etc.)

Preventing unwanted skin darkening is the first step to avoiding hyperpigmentation in the future. You need to take good care of your skin and limit sun exposure. Here are some tips you can follow to prevent skin pigmentation.

Tips To Prevent Skin Pigmentation

Tips To Prevent Skin Pigmentation Pinit

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1. Use Sun Protection Everyday

Exposure to UV rays triggers sun spots, age spots, dark patches, and hyperpigmentation. Never forget to apply sunscreen lotion on all exposed areas. Excessive sun exposure activates the melanin production system, and a good sunscreen helps prevent that.

2. Apply Anti-Inflammatory Skin Care Products

Whether it’s acne or dermatitis, skin inflammation often leaves behind marks that are tough to erase later and eventually make your skin look dark and pigmented. Let your skin heal by using anti-inflammatory skin care products.

3. Eat Healthy

A healthy and balanced diet keeps your skin and body healthy. Your body can use the vitamins and nutrients derived from the diet to trigger faster healing.

Almost all of us have some form of hyperpigmentation. These natural ways will help minimize its appearance and any future damage. If you have ignored those spots all these days, it’s time you tried out these remedies. Let us know about your experience in the comments section below.

References

  1. Vinegar: Medicinal Uses and Antiglycemic Effect”, Medscape General Medicine, US National Library of Medicine
  2. On The Novel Action of..”, Thieme
  3. Cosmeceuticals for Hyperpigmentation..”, Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery, US National Library of Medicine
  4. The Hunt for Natural Skin Whitening Agents”, International Journal of Molecular Science, US National Library of Medicine
  5. Tyrosinase inhibitory effect..”, Taylor & Francis Online
  6. Effect of 82% Lactic Acid..”, International Scholarly Research Notices, Hindawi
  7. Tomato paste rich in lycopene..”, Wiley Online Library
  8. Whitening Effect of Black Tea..”, Toxicological Research, US National Library of Medicine
  9. Anti-tyrosinase activity of orange..”, ResearchGate

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